Fireplace stoves for summer cottages
The light from the fire, the flames, the heat coming from the hearth, always attracted and fascinated people. The modern way of life in the city cannot give this. Therefore, everyone who has their own country house or cottage, seeks to equip it with a stove or fireplace. Your own hearth gives a feeling of warmth and comfort in the house. In addition to the aesthetic component, stoves and fireplaces for summer cottages play a practical role. With their help, the house is heated, which allows you to live in it all year round.
- Three constructive varieties
- The stove is the glory of tradition
- Fireplace: practicality and aesthetics
- Fireplace stoves: a symbiosis of advantages
Despite the development of technologies in the field of heating and the presence on the market of more functional and practical modern boilers, convectors and heaters, stoves and fireplaces are still popular. Planning a place for a fireplace or stove is necessary at the stage of creating the project. It is necessary to immediately determine the type of future focus. The installation method will largely depend on the type of hearth, personal preferences of the owners and their requirements for heating the house. The construction of a stove or fireplace can be done both during and after the completion of all work on building a house. The main thing is to clearly understand the design features of stoves and fireplaces.
Three constructive varieties
There are three main types of structures: stove, fireplace and combined type – stove-fireplace.
The stove is the glory of tradition
This type of hearth is the most massive. To install it requires a strong reinforced foundation. The stove can perform the functions of heating the house and cooking. A lot of free space should be planned for its installation. For the furnace, only solid fuel is used: wood, coal, peat. The laying of the furnace is a whole art, so it should be left to the master stove-maker. If there is a desire to put your hand to the future furnace, then again you need to do this under the supervision of a master.
Important! If the stove is installed in a fully built house, and there is no planned place for it, then you will have to disassemble the floor floors. And this is a very troublesome and expensive task..
Fireplace: practicality and aesthetics
Installing fireplaces is much easier than installing stoves. Fireplaces are lighter, but a reinforced foundation is also necessary for them. The design of the furnace and chimney of such a hearth is quite simple, requires less space. The fireplace has minimal functionality..
It can be used only as a source of heat and aesthetic details of the interior. Fireplaces can be heated with both solid fuel and gas..
Important! Today, fireplaces with finished metal chimneys and fireboxes are popular. Such fireplaces are easy to install, light in weight, and the development of technology in heating has made it possible to achieve an efficiency of 85%.
Gas fireplaces for summer cottages are almost identical in appearance to conventional solid fuel fireplaces. Decorative elements of a gas fireplace can imitate burning logs, coal or any other kind of hearth. Gas fireplaces are made of refractory fiberglass and ceramics. By design type, they resemble traditional ones, the difference is in the fuel supply. The gas fireplace is equipped with gas burners, the fuel supply and flame level can be controlled using special sensors. The advantages of a gas fireplace are its power of 4 – 10 kW, high efficiency for space heating, the absence of combustion products (soot and ashes), ease of installation.
Sometimes a traditional fireplace is already standing in the houses, and the owners have a desire to convert it into a gas one. Such an upgrade is entirely possible. The main thing is to turn to specialists, have gas supplied to the house and a permit issued.
Important! When purchasing a gas fireplace for a summer residence, you need to pay attention to the marking. If the fireplace is marked P, it means that it works on liquefied gas. If it is marked N – this fireplace will work only on natural gas.
Fireplace stoves: a symbiosis of advantages
This type of focus should be highlighted. It combines all the advantages of stoves and fireplaces. From the fireplaces he got light weight, compactness, ease of installation. Fireplace stoves also have the ability to quickly heat the room due to the rays of energy from the flame. This possibility is achieved due to the presence of a glass door or two furnaces. The design features of the oven make it possible to cook food and keep warm for quite some time. The fireplace stove for cottage perfectly complements the main heating system, acting as a safety net option in case of failure of the boiler or convector. There are two subclasses of fireplace stoves. The first is made of brick. The second is made of cast iron or steel, lined with ceramic tiles. At its core, it is an almost autonomous system that can be installed in any home.
Important! Fireplace stoves for summer cottages are most in demand where the owners are arrivals.
The requirements for stoves and fireplaces
When choosing a particular type of hearth, one should be guided by the following characteristics:
- Perfect heating of the entire stove or fireplace.
- Long heat retention.
- Easy to operate and maintain.
- High fire safety standards.
- Carbon monoxide safety and good exhaust.
- Durability. The service life should be at least 20 years..
Choosing an installation location
Choosing a place for a stove or fireplace is necessary, based on their intended use. The correct location will help extend the life of the unit and provide high-quality space heating..
An oven for heating the room is located in the middle of the house. This is done for two reasons. Firstly, a stove placed in this way will heat the entire house evenly. Secondly, none of the sides of the furnace will come into contact with the outer wall, as a result of which there will not be a large temperature difference, and the furnace will last longer.
Ovens for heating and cooking are also installed in the middle of the house. It is important that the firebox and part of the oven, which is intended for cooking, go to the kitchen.
The place to install the fireplace should also be chosen in the middle of the house. The principle of choosing a place is the same – maximum heat transfer. It is important that the fireplaces are located away from the door and window openings. A fireplace located opposite them will create enhanced air circulation, more simply, a draft. To avoid this phenomenon, in the fireplace you can equip draft from under the floor..
Brick-burning stoves for cottages should have a fireplace in the living room or relaxation room, and the part intended for heating and cooking should go into the kitchen. The location of metal stoves-fireplaces depends directly on their purpose. If for cooking, then – in the kitchen, and if for heating, then – in living quarters.
Important! When planning the use of a fireplace and metal stoves-fireplaces for the purpose of high-quality heating of the house, you should immediately provide for the possibility of connecting to a common heating system. To do this, you can purchase a ready-made hood with a built-in coil or a metal fireplace insert with a water casing. For stoves, even at the stage of creating the project, the possibility of heating water for the heating system should be provided. The same is true for brick fireplaces.
Installation of stoves, fireplaces and fireplace stoves
For ready-made metal fireplaces, stoves and fireplace stoves, the installation process is simplified. All the main work comes down to preparing the place. It is important to ensure fire safety. To do this, we put a layer of refractory material at the installation site of the metal fireplace stove, on top of it we put a metal sheet. Near the installation site in the wall or ceiling we make a hole for the chimney. In places of its contact with the wall, ceiling and roof, we cover with refractory material. Now it remains to put in place the hearth itself and connect it to the chimney. If there is a desire and opportunity, the metal hearth can be overlaid with kiln bricks or heat-resistant ceramics. As a result, we get an aesthetically attractive hearth.
Work on masonry fireplaces, stoves and fireplaces are among the most labor-intensive, requiring increased attention and accuracy. Performing this type of work yourself is not recommended, but if you want, it is better to do it under the guidance of a master stove-maker. For a fireplace or a brick stove, it is necessary to use clay mortar or a special furnace refractory mixture. During the laying process, kiln bricks and refractory bricks will be used. The number of bricks and the volume of mortar is calculated at the time of creating the design documentation. The work itself begins with the preparation of a reliable foundation for a stove or fireplace with a depth of at least 0.5 – 0.7 m. The heavier the fireplace or stove will be, the more reliable the foundation should be. The foundation itself must be waterproofed.
Important! Start laying only after the foundation has completely solidified. The foundation for the stove should be separate from the foundation of the house.
Clay mortar and plaster are used. In order for the stove or fireplace to serve long and reliably, it is necessary to properly prepare the binder solution. The quality of the solution depends on the “fat” of the clay. This parameter can be determined by the amount of sand. The “fat” of the solution can be determined by lowering and removing the wooden lath in the solution. If the solution hung lumpy on the rail, then it is too greasy, if it slipped, and practically nothing remained, then there is too much sand. It is necessary that part of the solution remains on the rail, and part slides. Its consistency should be like sour cream.
Important! If necessary, the solution can be prepared from raw brick. Such defective bricks can be bought at a brick factory. The composition of such a brick will meet the requirements for the mortar.
Now you can proceed to the brickwork itself. She is not very different from the usual. The main thing is to monitor the thickness of the joints, it should not exceed 3 mm, and follow strictly the design documentation. Brick before laying should be soaked for several minutes in water. This will provide better traction with the mortar. During masonry, the inside of the stove or fireplace is smoothed, removing excess solution, this is called squeezing. This is done so that combustion products — soot and ash — do not settle on the walls. As soon as the hearth is built, you can proceed with the construction of the chimney.
Important! During the laying process, it is necessary to constantly monitor the horizon and vertical, using the building level and plumb.
Having completely completed the masonry, you can proceed to drying the fireplace or stove. It is important to do everything right and without haste, otherwise you will have to redo everything all over again. Drying takes place naturally from 7 to 21 days, it depends on the humidity level in the room. After the end of natural drying, you can switch to active. To do this, we heat the stove or fireplace on the first day for 30 minutes. Further time can be increased up to 1 hour. Doing this is worth a week. Signs of a completely dried stove will be – a uniform shade of all the joints or plaster, condensation should not collect on the doors or other metal parts.
Properly created and ready for use stoves or fireplaces will delight the warmth of their owners. In their installation, professionalism and patience are important. Masters of their craft create stoves and fireplaces that stand for many decades without being destroyed. The aesthetic beauty and functionality of stoves and fireplaces attracts and attracts even with more technologically advanced heating elements.