Little things help, for example, an old fireplace in the living room, an elegant fountain in the garden or a spacious terrace with a view of the picturesque surroundings help make the house cozy. Unconditionally happy are those people who can do it all on their own, with inspiration, imagination and love of the earth. Have you noticed that a self-built porch to the house is the most visited place on the territory? And why? Firstly, the terrace is your author’s creation. Secondly, this space is always reliably protected from the annoying rays of the sun, and from a sudden rainstorm, and from the annoying wind. Thirdly, the veranda is a window into the nature, the changes of which are much more interesting to watch than to while away time at the TV.
- Types of Verandas
- The basics of building a veranda
- Work order
Types of Verandas
Are you used to the fact that the extension of the veranda to the house is an unplanned event? For the most part – yes, but there are owners of estates who, when building a house, think through all the details, including the terrace.
By type of construction, the verandas are:
The latter, which are much less common, have a common foundation with the house itself, and in most cases are under the same roof. While the additional extension of the veranda to the wooden house has a separate foundation.
Terraces vary in form. In addition to the usual rectangular and square buildings, you can increasingly find rounded verandas. Modern designers say that at the peak of popularity, unusual forms are now, for example, octagonal and hexagonal beauties or a “belt” – this is when the veranda rings “hugs” the whole house or repeats the shape of loggias, balconies or other components of the house.
Some people think that building a veranda is a troublesome business, meanwhile, if you stop at the open version, the task is simplified. After all, in fact, the process is limited to the construction of the site. It is up to you to decide whether to be a roof over it, but not to be around the perimeter of the walls. By the way, you can use “living” material as walls – shrubs, flowers, other plants. And the roof can be made from a piece of polycarbonate, or even buy a tent that will winter in the house.
However, there are also fans of solid buildings who love to admire not only the flowering nature, but also the snowdrifts outside the window. In this case, the construction of the veranda to the house turns into a serious project with a solid estimate. And only you decide which option to prefer.
Worth paying attention to! Designers wise by experience recommend to erect an open terrace to visually enlarge the building, which will make your home more impressive.
The basics of building a veranda
On how to build a veranda with your own hands, many articles have been written, but on the topic of choosing a place to build much less material. “What choice can there be if the veranda is always built from the front door?” – you ask. But no, the hopelessness of this option has long passed. Now the terrace can be attached on either side of the house, the main thing is that there is a door in the wall. But even if it’s not there, then making an opening now is not a problem, is it ?! So do not restrain yourself in your aspirations.
If you want to have access to the terrace from the bedroom, make a door, and forward – towards your dreams. However, the reason for the location of the veranda not at the front door can be not a whim, but a banal necessity, for example, lack of space in front of the house, ugly surroundings, such as a view of the fence or the road, as well as too active sun, wind or other significant circumstances, indicating that there is no place in front of the front door of the veranda.
If the area of the veranda is defined, it is time to move on to the design of the structure, work planning and procurement of materials. Experienced homeowners recommend that a self-built veranda be decorated in the same style as the house. For this, it is necessary to adhere not only to the general design, but also to try to use the same building materials. Remember where and from whom you bought roofing materials, ordered finishing work and try to contact the same specialists. Of course, we are talking about private houses with a large territory, while a self-built veranda at the cottage of a modest landowner can be made with minimal investment, according to a special project, which primarily involves comfort and the wisdom of investing money. If at the same time you have a rich imagination, then it will not be difficult for you to make an author’s masterpiece from inexpensive materials. In this case, the emphasis will need to be placed on accessories that will winter in the house, and in the spring they will return to decorate your wonderful terrace.
Before you attach the veranda to the house, find out whether in your area such work requires legalization. Contact the appropriate services, get advice and, if necessary, submit a package of documents for approval. Wait for permission and only then start the process.
This is important to know! Some homeowners claim that obtaining a building permit takes a couple of months. Therefore, if you plan to start construction in the spring, then submit a package of documents to the design department in the winter months so that the work plan does not slow down.
Got a building permit? Perfectly! You can get your project from the locker, make a list of materials, make a purchase and start creating.
To get started, prepare the site. Mark up by driving in pegs or pins around the perimeter, pull a twine or wire around the designated area. Clear the area of all unnecessary, remove the top layer (15 cm) of the earth.
Next, you need to build a foundation, and in depth coinciding with your “brother” of the main building. However, experienced builders do not recommend connecting these two buildings into a monolith, because the terrace and the house have different weights, so the degree of shrinkage will also differ. To do this, make a gap between the foundations: 4 cm will be enough. The foundation can be built, both tape and column.
Sex is a necessary attribute of any type of veranda: both open and closed. As you understand, the veranda may not have walls or they may be decorated plants or shrubs, the roof of the building is allowed to be removable, but there is no way to do without a floor. What it will certainly be up to you. Meanwhile, summer residents most often choose a wooden floor, since with such a coating the terrace is filled with special comfort, looks natural and helps to relax. If you are among the fans of the wooden floor, count on the following order of profile work:
- Warming, for which an empty space between the ground and the boards should be covered with expanded clay.
- Protection, which involves covering the foundation with roofing material (preferably in 2 layers).
- Lag fixing.
- Board Flooring.
This is important to know! Do not forget to cover all wooden materials with an antiseptic in order to protect the gazebo from moisture and subsequent decay..
What next? If you will build walls or a roof, then you need to make a frame. Similar works include the following stages:
- Installation of bars that are laid on the floor and connected with a “direct lock”.
- Installation of racks, for which in the bars every 50 cm you need to make grooves. Then fix the racks in these places with brackets or nails..
- Upper Bezel.
- Installation of the rafter system.
With the roof, there are also many options. It can be made in the form of a continuation of the roof of the house or act in an original way by choosing a transparent material that will allow you to bask under the gentle rays of the sun. What other processes may be included in the work plan? Surely, before you build the veranda, you did its sketch. “Dance” from him. It is possible that you need to build a railing, grille, steps and so on, because your masterpiece should have a finished look, right ?! Again, when the construction is completed, you need to beautifully decorate the veranda. Both purchased materials and the vegetation rampaging on your site can go into business. Do not forget about furniture made from natural materials that will complement your masterpiece.
Veranda is a wonderful opportunity to expand your home and create a cozy place for family gatherings.