Charcoal-fried foods have no alternative to home-cooked foods. No wonder the favorite vacation of many citizens is a trip to the countryside with hot kebabs. Summer residents and home owners are simpler: they can build a street oven and cook gourmet dishes on logs every night. The point is small – to build a barbecue yourself or choose a stationary factory option. Let’s consider what subtleties should be taken into account when choosing a place and how to create a brick oven with your own hands.
- Choose a factory model of barbecue
- We determine the location for the installation of the furnace
- We build our own barbecue ovens: step-by-step instructions
- Design and site preparation
- Collection of materials
- Foundation pouring
- Masonry stove
Choose a factory model of barbecue
If you intend to purchase a finished product, it should be borne in mind that today there are three types of furnaces for different types of fuel:
- traditional charcoal fired;
- gas, the source of fire in which is a cylinder with liquefied gas;
The most “real” option, of course, is coal-fired stoves, but they can smoke, soot nearby and require the preparation of fuel. Gas are easier to maintain, but can go out with strong gusts of wind. Electric ones require laying underground wires and are not recommended for use in wet weather..
Factory garden barbecue stoves differ in size. So, portable models on wheels will cost less than an order for the construction of a stone or brick structure. However, you can always try to make this device yourself.
We determine the location for the installation of the furnace
Regardless of whether you buy a ready-made barbecue oven or start spreading it yourself, there are several points to consider.
- Location of the structure relative to constantly blowing winds.
It is necessary to install or mount the stove so that the hearth with an open flame does not work exactly opposite the wind, otherwise the fire will go out or burn unevenly. Look for a place that will be protected at least on two sides by green spaces, buildings or a dense fence. That’s why they often put barbecue stoves in arbors, where direct wind access to the hearth is blocked due to the walls of the structure.
- Installation of the furnace in relation to your own house and the neighbor.
It is more profitable for hostesses to have a barbecue area near the entrance to the house, because the ingredients for dishes and dishes should be worn from the kitchen. Rare barbecue ovens provide niches for storing utensils.
Be sure to pay attention to where the smoke from your fryer will be pulled. This is done simply using a barbecue or bonfire, which is set on fire for several weeks at the site of a future barbecue. If the smoke most often goes directly to the neighboring site, change the location of the stove before it is built. Otherwise, conflicts with neighbors cannot be avoided. Even if they themselves will not be on the site during your picnic, the smoke may soak their washed laundry, etc..
- Placement of barbecue in relation to green spaces.
Due to the fact that outdoor barbecue stoves give out a very hot temperature, heating everything around, the close proximity is unlikely to please your trees and shrubs. Installing the structure under the spreading old pear, of course, is convenient, because you can relax in the shade, but the heat will reduce the life of the tree at times. Try not to have tall trees and bushes, or hedges within a radius of 2-3 meters from the outbreak.
Also, do not install the stove on a green lawn or near broken flower beds. The heat, however, will not get to them, but your feet and your guests will be trampled out all around while cooking and resting. It is better to put such structures on a concrete pedestal or lay out a patio area of tiles, decking or other street materials.
We build our own barbecue ovens: step-by-step instructions
If you have already decided to mold the stove yourself, then you need to do everything in sequence and carefully. It is desirable that the process was commanded by a person who is at least a little thinking in construction.
Design and site preparation
Before you make a barbecue oven, sketch out a drawing of a future design so that you visually see how it will look and can calculate the consumption of materials. It is very convenient when a worktop is provided near the hearth.
Think over a niche for the center. If it is in the shape of a rectangle, then metal corners will be needed, which will serve as jumpers. An arched opening requires blanks from boards, which will serve as a support for masonry.
Inspect the site of the proposed building on the site and eliminate everything that will interfere with the construction of the site and the furnace. Please note that the barbecue has a blank back wall. If it is turned to the well-visible side of the site, you need to consider its decoration or make perfectly even masonry.
Collection of materials
For brick construction you will need:
- refractory brick (straight three-quarter in size 187x124x65mm);
- cement-sand mixture for the preparation of a concrete base;
- unedged boards (for formwork);
- rebar and metal debris (to strengthen the foundation);
- twine and stakes for marking;
- pipe (O15 cm);
- roofing material.
The exact dimensions of the materials and the number of bricks are calculated based on the dimensions of the future furnace.
Since the stove does not belong to heavy structures, a tape foundation of 20 cm high, reinforced with reinforcement and other metal waste, is enough for its base.
- The first step is to break down the foundation using twine and wooden pegs.
- When the markings are stretched, dig a trench to a depth of 30 cm. To the width add a margin for formwork (5-7 cm).
- The bottom of the trench is lined with a layer of gravel or slag, compacting it with feet or a homemade rammer. A reinforcing layer of metal in the form of a mesh or frame is laid on top of the gravel.
- Install formwork from boards.
- Make a concrete mortar and fill it with a trench to the surface of the earth.
- Allow to freeze (about 3 days, spilling with water in hot weather).
- They take out the formwork, fill the voids with sand and ram it tightly with a stick.
- For waterproofing, sheets of roofing material are rolled out throughout the foundation area.
- Wall masonry is carried out in half a brick. Before the opening for the hearth, the walls are erected to a height of 60-80 cm. A large height is not recommended, since it will be inconvenient to cook and cut products on the countertop.
- Next, go directly to the creation of the furnace.
- On the 6th row, in the radius of the furnace, a support ledge is made of bricks, placing them not along, but across the main rows. In this case, the protruding half remains inside. A metal grill for frying foods is subsequently placed on it..
- They attach jumpers from the corners or a wooden template to create an arch (in the place of the opening) and continue to display the walls on the sides of the future hearth.
- On the 10th row, the transverse masonry is repeated to create another protrusion. At this height, you can subsequently put ready-made dishes to maintain a warm state (fixing the grill).
- Between the 6th and 10th row, reinforcing pins can be additionally inserted. So you can adjust the level of roasting meat, exposing the grill to different heights.
- It should be borne in mind that the walls near the hearth must be narrowed up to reach the size of the pipe through which smoke will be discharged. Therefore, after the 7th row of the furnace, each next one narrows by a quarter of the brick. Thus, by row 12-13 you will narrow the masonry so that the rest of the wall in which the pipe will be hidden can be displayed with the same number of bricks.
- Having finished creating the firebox, on the sides they are installed on the cooled-down masonry worktops. These can be tin sheets with edges bent for safety, thin blocks that are covered with wooden planks on top and other materials available.
When the brick barbecue is laid out, they give her to settle for about a week and begin decorating.
We bring “marafet”
To make your building not only functional, but also beautiful, the external walls are finished with various interesting materials. Often they are tiled or coated with decorative plasters. You can even lay individual sections with natural stone. In a word, boldly embody your fantasies, coordinating the design of the furnace with the rest of the site.
After the outdoor barbecue oven has been erected and tested in business, start arranging the site, because this area will become the most popular gathering place for families and guests. Garden furniture, a durable coating such as pavers and a couple of interesting accessories will make the stove a remarkable element of the landscape that will delight friends and neighbors.