How to make a trellis in the country
The tendency that came to us from Europe to use vertical gardening techniques in the improvement of a suburban area is now actively used by many gardeners. After all, with the help of climbing plants and multi-level vertical flower beds, you can transform the most unsightly corners of the site. Tapestries are an integral part of vertical gardening in the design of a garden plot. A beautiful openwork lattice, serving as a support for climbing plants, performs two purposes at once: functional and decorative. Do-it-yourself trellis with the power of any owner who has the simplest construction skills.
- Varieties of support structures
- Options for manufacturing trellis for flowers
- Wooden vegetable trellis
- Arrangement of trellis for grapes
Varieties of support structures
The trellis is a structure that acts as a support for garden climbing plants: morning glory, clematis, roses, grapes.
With the help of a lattice twined with flowers, you can veil unprepossessing places on a suburban area: bare walls of a house or outbuildings, an old fence.
Several openwork supports connected in a single design can create a cozy gazebo or a corner for privacy, hidden from the eyes of passers-by. A horizontally arranged trellis will act as a shady roof for an open gazebo. If, however, the poles twined with flowers are placed a little apart from each other, then we get a more spacious, but protected from the wind and prying eyes glance.
Trellis is widely used not only in the arrangement of a decorative garden, but also for garden climbing crops.
The material for the manufacture of the structure can be plastic, metal or wood. The choice depends on the characteristics of the cultivated culture: the greater the mass of foliage and fruits, the more durable the support frame should be.
The form of construction also depends on the technology of growing a particular culture, as well as the preferences of the owner. Supports can have either a traditional rectangular or triangular shape, and S- and arcuate, as well as in the shape of a fan. But in any case, when choosing or building the product, it should be taken into account that the stability and strength of the support directly depends on the size of the cells.
Well, if the design provides movable connections of elements, which allows you to adjust the width and height of the support as the plant grows.
Options for manufacturing trellis for flowers
The desire to make your site elegant, but at the same time quite light and delicate, is natural for every gardener. It is impossible to decorate the territory with chic climbing roses, exquisite clematis, or variegated “stars” of morning glory, decorative beans without arrangement of trellis for climbing plants.
To equip a wooden support, you need to prepare:
- mounting strips for grilles with a cross section of 10-20 mm;
- bars for the frame dimensions 220×40 and 180×40 mm;
- antiseptic solution for wooden surfaces;
- moisture resistant glue for woodwork;
- hacksaw and electric drill;
- screws and dowels 8-10 mm.
First, a rectangular frame is assembled. The bars for the frame are interconnected with glue and screws. The lower part of the horizontal frame of the frame is not placed along the edge of the structure, but shifted to the center by 40-50 cm. This is necessary in order to be able to bury the base, thereby strengthening the support. Between the vertical and horizontal frame bars place mounting strips.
At this stage of construction, one of the options can be applied: first, nail the grate to the frame, and then mount the whole structure, or first drive the frame into the ground, and then proceed to sewing the inside of the support.
To extend the life of a wooden trellis for flowers, it is desirable to treat all its elements with an antiseptic composition.
Tapestries for roses are made of fittings and plastic pipes. To create arched structures, a certain angle of bend is attached to the reinforcement, and already curved elements are mounted, buried in the ground. Between arched arches, to increase the stability of the structure, stiffeners are fixed, which simultaneously act as “holders” of roses.
Wooden vegetable trellis
Reliable support for vegetable crops, such as cucumbers, curly asparagus beans and tall varieties of tomatoes, can be equipped with wooden beams. Before making a trellis for cucumbers, wooden posts are placed on the beds. Between them they pull a special PVC mesh with 10×10 cm cells, which can be purchased at gardening stores.
Pillars are dug into the ground at a distance of 1.5 -2 meters from each other. Since in the process of growing cucumbers on a trellis, the mesh gradually begins to bend and deteriorate under the weight of foliage and poured fruits, horizontal bridges are used to strengthen the structure. They are made of wooden slats or metal rods.
Arrangement of trellis for grapes
Anyone who grows grapes will confirm that this plant is simply helpless without adequate support. The most suitable support option is a wire trellis for grapes with your own hands. On it, all parts of the plant are better ventilated, the vines are evenly lit, and as a result, the ripening of berries is accelerated and fruiting increases.
For its arrangement, vertical posts are installed, between which a steel wire is pulled in several rows. The main advantage of using this design is the ease of installation, the convenience of caring for vines and fruits, as well as the possibility of growing vegetables in rows between grape bushes.
It is not difficult to build such a trellis. It is enough to prepare the required number of asbestos-cement, wooden or metal pillars (or corners). They are dug at a distance of 3-3.5 meters from each other, deepening by 30-40 cm, and, if necessary, concreted.
It is better to cover metal poles for protection against corrosion with a layer of paint. Having the opportunity to choose among wood species for arranging support pillars, it is better to give preference to varieties that have solid wood, such as acacia, mulberry, chestnut.
The height of the trellis depends on the grape variety, but usually for ease of use, the structure is made up to two meters high. Between the installed poles stretch three rows of galvanized wire at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other. Galvanized wire is attached to wooden poles using brackets, and to metal poles – by threading into holes pre-drilled.