What are the types of suspended ceilings
False ceilings are widely used in any room where there is a heating system. Such a ceiling can easily decorate a public institution, office space, living room. The choice of materials for the false ceiling today is so great that it can sometimes be difficult for customers to give preference to something. And to make it easier to make a choice, it is best to understand what types of suspended ceilings are, from what materials they are made.
- Are false ceilings relevant
- Types of False Ceilings
- Popular drywall ceiling
- Stretch ceilings: aesthetics and practicality
- Modular ceilings
Are false ceilings relevant
A suspended ceiling is a metal frame suspended from a ceiling base, onto which various modular elements (plates, panels, slats, etc.) are mounted, or sheets of drywall.
At present, the design of ceilings is undoubtedly a very creative process. The variety of types of suspended ceilings allows you to decorate the interior in various styles, make it fashionable, functional and attractive. At the same time, they are mounted quite easily, without requiring the implementation of various labor-intensive work. Compared with the usual ceiling finishes, suspended ceilings have a mass of undeniable advantages. With their help, it is possible to hide the flaws of old ceilings, as well as all kinds of utilities: ventilation equipment, pipes, various cables, etc. Ceiling panels significantly reduce the noise level, create the necessary thermal insulation. Some types of suspended ceilings have coatings with a high level of light reflection, and this allows to improve the lighting, while reducing energy consumption..
Important! The construction market today offers many types of suspended ceilings, but it should be remembered that they are recommended to be installed only in those rooms where the ceiling height is more than 2.5 meters, since suspended ceilings significantly reduce the height of the room.
Types of False Ceilings
Popular drywall ceiling
Among builders, “drywall” refers to sheet modified gypsum fastened with cardboard on both sides. Depending on the composition, gypsum boards are:
- moisture resistant (containing silicone additives);
- fire resistant (with fiberglass additives);
- special (flexible) for decorative finishes.
Drywall sheets are mounted on wooden bars or on metal profiles. Drywall is the best suited for decorating the ceiling with various lights – built-in lamps: LED strip or spots.
With its help create any shape of the ceiling – curved, broken, step. Drywall today is one of the most common and cheapest materials for suspended ceilings..
Stretch ceilings: aesthetics and practicality
The design of the stretch ceiling is a continuous elastic ceiling. A frame made of an aluminum profile is fastened with a PVC film usually 1300-4000 mm wide.
The advantages of such ceilings are the ease of installation, as well as their operational characteristics:
- moisture resistance;
- a wide range of textures and colors;
- aesthetic qualities.
Some consider stretch ceilings to be a separate type of ceiling covering that differs from false ceilings..
Many people are familiar with suspended ceilings, which consist of a suspended system with modular elements in the form of plates, rails or cassettes of various materials. The lattice of the frame can be highlighted or hidden. All structural elements are interconnected and this provides flexibility in the design process, manufacturability in installation and operation. During repairs, damaged modules can be easily replaced with new ones if necessary..
Tiled False Ceilings, made of gypsum, fiberglass, polystyrene foam, mineral fiber, plastic, metal or wood are actively used for decoration of houses, apartments, offices, shops. Thanks to their design, suspended tile ceilings can exactly follow the contours of the room – ledges, niches and recesses, and this is a good argument in favor of their use.
The usual dimensions of the plates are 600×600 mm, but curved panels are also available, which are used by interior designers in the transitions of multi-level ceilings and form three-dimensional compositions. Fixing systems include load-bearing profiles (tires, stringers, combs) and suspensions (spokes). When the plates are adjacent to each other, the frame is closed and invisible, and when the metal ribs separate the modules, it is open.
Cassette (raster) ceilings consist of square and rectangular metal modules. The ceiling is assembled from small elements that are laid in the mounting frame. The panels are fixed in the frame using concave edges around the perimeter. Ceilings can have a smooth surface or perforated. For anti-corrosion protection, a protective coating is applied..
Cassette ceilings are often installed in rooms that have serious fire and moisture resistance requirements. The wide color gamut of cartridges allows to make out various options of interiors. They are white, chrome, gold, mirror.
Slatted ceilings They are aluminum battens of rectangular shape with curved edges along the long sides, coated with varnish or enamel. Their appearance reminds lining. They are attached to a metal frame mounted on the ceiling. Since slatted false ceilings are color- and frost-resistant, are not afraid of moisture and fire, they can be installed in unheated rooms, and in houses and apartments – in the bathroom or in the kitchen.
The rack ceiling looks very aesthetically pleasing, especially when fixtures are built into it. Color solutions are quite diverse – gold, white, copper, chrome. Reiki can be solid or perforated. The “insert-insert” combinations look very stylish.
Cell Ceilings are a type of panel and tile modules. They differ only in cavities (cells), closed by a background substrate on the back side. The shape of the openings can be very different – square, honeycomb, round, multifaceted, etc..
Modular ceilings allow you to get a perfectly flat ceiling, create patterns on it, choosing any color combinations. The advantage of all suspended ceilings is that, masking all engineering communications, they leave free access to them, and this is especially valuable for rooms of large sizes of hotels, banks, assembly halls, etc..
Modular ceilings are easy to install, you can cope with this task alone – the design is lightweight.
Aluminum False Ceilings
Aluminum suspended structures come in many forms: cassette, rack, grillato ceilings. Each of them is good in its own way. We have already talked about slatted and cassette ceilings. But the Grilyato ceiling is the most expensive, but also the most refined aluminum ceiling. It is chosen by connoisseurs of non-standard styles, shapes and spaces. Combined with extraordinary lighting effects, the cellular structure of the Grillato ceiling helps create a unique, beautiful interior..
False aluminum ceilings will decorate any room, whether it be a large industrial building or a bathroom in a private apartment. They harmoniously fit into any design. The metal surface contributes to a good reflection of both natural and electric light. The rooms with aluminum ceilings are light and airy. Almost all lighting fixtures manufactured today are combined with metal ceilings..
Aluminum ceilings have excellent qualities – they are 100% moisture resistant and fireproof. Their design provides good ventilation, so such ceilings can be installed in baths, pools, saunas, greenhouses. And from the point of view of fire safety, they are suitable for industrial premises of restaurants, bars and cafes, for elevator halls, stairwells, etc..
Since aluminum is an environmentally friendly material, it is safe for human health and life, so aluminum ceilings are often installed in children’s and medical institutions. The metal structure does not collect dust, does not require hygienic procedures, it always looks like “new”. The lightness of the suspension system (no more than 2 kg / 1m2) eliminates sagging ceilings. They are so durable that by installing ceilings today, you can be sure that they will delight third-generation descendants.
In conclusion, we can confidently say that suspended ceilings are modern building materials that will help transform the interior of the house without much effort and expense, but the result of the work will delight the eye and heart for many years.