Dry closet for a summer residence
Undoubtedly, free life in nature can be called a blessing and an excellent pastime. But not all conditions of civilization, in the sense of hygiene, are present at the cottage. This fact pretty spoils the mood and overshadows the whole rest. But meanwhile, there is a way out of this situation and his name is a dry closet for a summer residence. With the help of this modern and easy-to-use design, the quality of stay at your beloved cottage is increased significantly. Such a specific product eliminates the appearance of unpleasant odors, it is ergonomic, and the dry closet is easily maintained.
- The principle of bio plumbing
- Classification by specificity of action
- Peat toilets functionality
- Compostable dry closet – a peat subspecies
- Electric powered bio device
- Portable (mobile) dry closet
The principle of bio plumbing
Dry closets work on the principle of a normal toilet in terms of flushing clean water. They consist of two interconnected tanks (tanks). The upper tank is designed for clean water and is connected to the toilet, and the lower one – for drains. Pure water flushes the effluent into the lower tank, in which deodorization and organic / chemical purification of the effluent subsequently takes place.
Classification by specificity of action
There are two categories of dry closets: anhydrous and who need water. The second group is the most universal, since it can be used not only as a portable toilet in the country house, picnic, but also for caring for the sick and elderly. The lower tank of such dry closets is easily disconnected from the general structure and emptied hygienically, while the person does not come into contact with waste at all.
And the first group includes peat toilets, disposable dry closets and dry dry closets, in which waste is disposed of in biodegradable bags.
Dry closets are also divided into portable (mobile) and stationary (cassette).
Peat toilets functionality
The peat dry closet for a summer house divides waste into liquid and solid. It is made of a strong polymer base, so its use is possible in difficult weather conditions and at low temperature conditions. The active substance in such a dry closet is a natural peat mix. It effectively fights odors and harmful organic waste..
After treatment with a peat mixture, all waste is converted into an ecologically clean concentrate of natural compost, which can be used as fertilizer in the garden. Thanks to such unique characteristics, the peat toilet for summer cottages receives only positive feedback, because after its acquisition a person receives comfort.
Compostable dry closet – a peat subspecies
Composting toilet for summer house decomposes and dries natural waste, while turning it into compost. It is equipped with a ventilation system, thanks to which a person does not feel any unpleasant odors. In addition, some models are equipped with an automated special handle, which mixes compost with every use of such a toilet..
Electric powered bio device
An electric dry closet for a summer residence looks very much like an ordinary toilet. Through the hose, liquid waste is discharged into the sewer or drain, and the solid components are dried using a compressor. To install such toilets, ventilation (through the wall / roof) must be equipped. Well, for the functioning of ventilation and drainage you need an electric current (220V). This type of dry closet is easy to use and quick to clean..
Portable (mobile) dry closet
This type of dry closet does not require an electrical connection, it also does not need sewage. Therefore, a portable dry closet can be used even in the field. They have a drain and a tank with a capacity of up to 24 liters. When cleaning waste, special liquids are used, which, in fact, dissolve all waste. Fluids may be different:
– ammonium – after 3-7 days, the waste is completely decomposed;
– formaldehyde – toxic and are used if it is impossible to discharge the waste into the sewer;
– biological preparations based on living bacteria – environmentally friendly liquid, such recycled waste can be safely used as fertilizer.
Resources for dry closets
For electric type:
– electric voltage (220V);
– fluid drainage system.
For peat type:
For portable type:
– cleaning fluid.
Criteria for choosing bio plumbing for a summer residence
The choice of a dry closet for a summer residence, first of all, depends on its purpose. After all, for example, dry closets for trips or summer cottages should satisfy some requirements, and dry closets for caring for people with limited working capabilities, others.
The dry closet for giving peat reviews receives excellent. This is an economical and effective solution, a great alternative to the usual wooden toilet. Peat toilet for summer cottages is convenient to use both in shape and size. If necessary, it can be moved to another place, but in general it is considered stationary.
If a person rarely visits the cottage, only on weekends or even less often, then a portable dry closet for a summer cottage will be the best option – reviews about him are also good. Its shape and design depends on habits and personal preferences, but from the technical side of the issue, it is worth paying attention to the volume of the lower tank. Everything is very clear here: the more often a person or family will use such a toilet, and the less often it is planned to clean it, the more voluminous the toilet should be.
There are situations when a dry closet becomes necessary for a special category of people. If this is a person with disabilities or is in the rehabilitation period, then the best option would be a dry closet in the form of a toilet chair. Its advantages are obvious: a stable seat, armrests and height adjustment.
And if an elderly person who can clean the tank of waste himself, it is better to purchase a dry closet with a small tank volume. It is easier to lift and carry.
How to choose a dry closet for a summer residence, based on weight parameters? Of course, here the prerogative is given to the physical capabilities of the person who will cleanse him. You can navigate with these numbers: a 12-liter tank weighs about 14 kg; 20-24l full tank – 23 kg.
In addition, the tank for 12-13 liters on average is filled in 3 days (calculation for three people), that is, it is 25-30 uses; a 20-24 liter tank is filled in 7 days, i.e. after approximately 50 uses.
Well, additional features also need to be considered when choosing. More expensive models of dry closets are equipped with an indicator of fullness, a two-way flush or an electric pump.
Ventilation installation technology:
– corrugated pipe is installed in the hole on the lid of the tank;
– the pipe is discharged through the roof or through the wall (angle of 45 degrees) to a height of not less than one meter. The total pipe length must be at least 4 m.
Important: when cleaning the toilet, the ventilation pipe is disconnected. It must be remembered.
– the hose attaches to the fitting, which is located at the bottom of the toilet. Through the rear wall, the hose is discharged into the soil or a special container.
Estimated price of dry closets:
– electric – 940 dollars;
– portable – $ 65;
– peat – 70 dollars.
Dry closet installation instructions
Portable dry closet for a summer residence – the instruction is easy and does not require any knowledge. It is just put in the right place.
The electrical type of the dry closet is supplied with voltage, while different models are characterized by different schemes for supplying electricity.
We equip the toilet with our own hands
If you want and want to save money, you can equip dry closet for summer cottage. Such a home-made peat dry closet has significant advantages over a cesspool, it is environmentally friendly and easy to maintain. With this approach to business, the Finnish dry closet will not be needed for a summer residence. For this process, the following components are needed: a peat bowl, a toilet seat with a bucket, peat, and a compost hole.
Peat for dry closets is used dry. For convenience, it can be poured into a container next to it, and poured into a receiving bucket every time after the completion of the natural process.
Important: it is advisable to put peat on the bottom of the bucket, so it will be easier to clean.
You can also increase the capacity, for example, put the tank-tank from half of the barrel – by 100 liters, it’s just hard to pull it out. But this problem is solved, you can use the standard trash can on wheels. A grill is arranged at its bottom, as well as a pipe for draining liquid waste into the drainage trench.
As for the toilet seat, it can be arranged to your taste, for example, you can use the toilet seat.
Important: due to the anatomical features of men, it is advisable to strengthen the so-called apron tucked into a bucket under the seat in the front part. So all biological fluids will fall into place.
In principle, there is nothing complicated in arranging a dry closet with your own hands. If you have a mind and performance, then the dry closet will turn out good, functional and without unpleasant odors.
Many people wonder why peat is used for such purposes. Because its bacteria quickly decompose human biological waste and turn it into a wonderful fertilizer for a garden within a few weeks. Using sawdust to replace peat does not give the desired effect in terms of composting. In this case, it is advisable to use mixtures with peat in a ratio of 1: 1, but only if a large receiving capacity is used (50-100l). Then sawdust provides better aeration of the substrate.
To summarize, we can come to the right conclusion: modern dry closet is an achievement of science aimed at maximally satisfying human needs.