How and how to paint a wooden floor
Wooden flooring is an environmentally friendly coating that helps maintain an optimal indoor climate. Compared to synthetic flooring, wooden floors are more durable and durable. But they need protection. If you do not subject them to special treatment, then the tree will very quickly begin to rot, fill with harmful microorganisms and deform. In this article you will learn how and how to paint a wooden floor in a summer house, at home and in other rooms in order to extend its life and improve its aesthetic effect..
- Choosing a flooring material
- Protective impregnation: what to prefer?
- Question: varnish or paint?
- How to paint the floor? floor painting with decor
Choosing a flooring material
In appearance, all paints and varnishes are divided into opaque and transparent.
1. Transparent – These are varnishes and impregnations. Pigments can be added to some of them to help identify the natural structure of the tree..
2. Opaque – These are solvent-based paints (perchlorovinyl, polyurethane, oil, alkyd, acrylic), as well as acrylic water-dispersion paints. The most popular are polyurethane, alkyd and acrylic paints, as they provide a fairly high-quality coating and are easy to use..
Protective impregnation: what to prefer?
Impregnation performs bio- and fire-retardant functions, i.e. saturates the tree with substances that protect it from destruction by fire and pests. The following types of impregnation:
1. Flame retardants reduce fire hazard, protect the wood material it ignites. Such impregnations may be needed in public and industrial premises..
2. Biocides, antiseptics protect against insects, blue, fungus and mold, increase the service life of the wooden floor.
These impregnations can be superficial and deep. At home, only surface treatments are useful..
Apply by spray or brush to dried and peeled wood. In industrial premises, deep impregnations are often used, with which boards are processed using sophisticated techniques to ensure the maximum possible processing of all wood.
3. Oil impregnation. They are made from wood oil and linseed oil, as well as modified natural resins and are used both for strengthening and protection, and for tinting wood floors. Oil is absorbed into the tree much deeper than varnish. As a result, the surface of the floor is significantly strengthened, becomes moisture resistant, acquires a silky sheen. It is better to choose oils that do not contain solvents. Prefer natural, not very fast drying oil. Put them in places of cross-country ability, for example, in a drawing room or a corridor. If you have not yet decided what to paint the floor in the country, then we recommend that you opt for an oil coating. This is the best solution for unheated rooms, open verandas, as well as for pools, bathtubs and showers.
Important! Before oiling, the floor must be cleaned, sanded and dried.
Question: varnish or paint?
Usually for wooden floors, if they choose varnishes, then alkyd, they are the most durable. But they are rarely coated with varnishes, since they are not able to fully protect the tree from mechanical damage (blows with heels, traces of furniture, etc.) due to its high elasticity even in a dry state. On the varnished floor it is allowed to move exclusively in soft shoes. For residential use only varnishes made without the inclusion of corrosive solvents.
Paint for use in a residential area should be selected, first of all, according to the principle of its environmental friendliness. In this regard, the ideal option – water-dispersion paints that do not contain organic solvents.
They are waterproof, perfectly fit to the surface and do not lose color. Acrylic paint (moisture resistant) is suitable for the kitchen and bathroom floors. The best option for parquet – alkyd paint.
Keep in mind! For 1 square. m of a wooden floor on average for 2 layers of coating will need 180 – 250 g of paint. Keep in mind that on each can of paint necessarily indicate its hiding power, storage and application conditions, strength characteristics.
How to paint the floor?
This should be done in stages:
- Clean the floor from dirt, grease and dust, dry thoroughly
- Seal, putty all cracks until dry
- Sand, sand and wipe thoroughly
- Apply antiseptics or primer, wait for drying
- Apply selected paintwork
Important! The top coat of any coating is applied no sooner than the bottom coat has time to dry..
Applying varnish. We apply the first coat of varnish, let it dry well. We remove all irregularities with a thin skin and apply the next layer, wait for it to dry. The best option – applying varnish in 3 layers.
Important! All coatings are applied only to a completely dry floor.!
Paint application. There are 3 ways to do this:
1. Pre-coat the flooring with drying oil or a primer and dry for 3 days. Then apply a coat of paint, wait for drying, apply a second coat, dry it for 4-7 days.
2. Putty with oil putty to match the paint; align cracks and other defects in the boards. Treat the floor with a fine sandpaper, then putty, then smooth it again with a sandpaper. Do this until the putty is no longer visible. Apply paint in two or three layers.
3. Cover the floor with drying oil, dry it, putty in several layers, while peeling it with sandpaper after each time. Then primed and painted in three layers (each thoroughly dried).
Important! The type of coating must match the type of primer (for example, acrylic enamel is applied to the acrylic primer)
Wood floor painting – The problem is completely solved even for a person who does not have special construction skills. Just keep in mind all the nuances and act according to the above recommendations..