What equipment will be needed for the installation of suspended ceilings
Among other ways of arranging the ceiling, tensioners stand out with the special aesthetics of a smooth surface, shiny, matte, plain or with a high-definition print. The effect of a perfectly smooth surface of the ceiling, and even in combination with a complex multi-level design, amazes with grace. Is it possible to repeat the splendor once seen in the conditions of your own apartment? It will not be difficult for an interested person to find a video with well-coordinated fast work of a professional team mounting a stretch ceiling. The manipulations made are striking in their simplicity, which leads to thoughts about the possibility of implementing the idea on their own. Consider the necessary materials and equipment for the installation of suspended ceilings in order to establish itself in a decision or abandon an undertaking.
- Consumables List
- All installation tools
- Stretch ceiling cloth
- Fixing profile (“baguette”)
- Amplification ring – the right choice
- Need a heat gun
- PVC film;
- mounting profile;
- dowels diameter 6 mm, length 30 mm;
- self-tapping screws;
- reinforcing rings for lighting;
- adhesive (cyanoacrylate group).
All installation tools
- heat gun;
- water level or laser level;
- chopping cord;
- ganometer (folding protractor);
- pendulum saw;
- drill with drills;
- spring clamps (“crocodiles”);
- angular and flat blade;
- a hammer;
- miter box;
- stationery knife.
Stretch ceiling cloth
Depending on the type of panel, fabric ceilings (without seams) and made of welded polyvinyl chloride film (PVC) are distinguished. PVC film is prepared properly and cuts on the basis of measurements taken, taking into account the configuration of the room. Cutting and preparation of the film web is performed on special equipment, the edges of the film are processed with a flexible plate (“harpoon”).
After cutting, the fabric is washed using special means and packaged in a heat-insulating film, because the PVC fabric is very sensitive to temperature changes. The workpiece is smaller than its actual size (it stretches after heating), when cooling, the film will stretch very much, forming a smooth surface of the ceiling. In addition to the glossy texture of the canvas (also called “mirror”), film with a matte and satin surface is widely used, less often a translucent ceiling is used (for arranging the internal illumination).
Fastening of the canvas to the walls is carried out using a special aluminum or plastic profile, which is mounted at a distance of at least 3 cm from the ceiling according to preliminary marking made according to the level. In order not to accidentally touch electrical wires, first examine the area of the profile fastening with a metal detector. Reliable fastening of the profile to the wall is important, because it has to withstand a significant load of tension of the film web. Dowels and screws are used to fasten the profile, their number is determined by the size of the room and the wall material. Holes have to be drilled a lot, it is better not to save on the quality of the punch and drills. The length of the profile rail is 3-4 m, if the wall is shorter, then it is necessary to saw off the rail with a pendulum saw at an angle equal to half adjacent to the measured side. If the wall is longer, then the rail will have to be joined with a piece of the required length (the gash should be at right angles when joining), with obligatory gluing of joints when connecting.
Fixing profile (“baguette”)
According to the method of attachment, a wall and ceiling baguette is distinguished, there is also a universal one – suitable for mounting on the ceiling and on the wall. There are several varieties of wall frames, different in weight, alloy, method of attachment. The dividing profile (“separator”) is used when installing the ceiling in large areas, for connecting several paintings among themselves.
Consider the aluminum baguette in more detail. As mentioned above, it is attached around the entire perimeter of the room with dowels, in increments of 10 cm (the distance between the dowels). After warming up the room, the film (2) acquires special elasticity, with the help of a “harpoon” (3) the film is attached to the profile, the mounting gap formed between the wall and the profile is closed with a decorative strip (4).
The harpoon mounting system makes it easy to dismantle the ceiling, if necessary, and restore the hardware again. A plastic baguette is more elastic and lighter than aluminum, it does not break when bent, it is advisable to use it in case of installation of curved structures.
Amplification ring – the right choice
When choosing a reinforcing ring for a chandelier, pay attention to the main requirements for the material: it must be both durable and easy to process. The outer diameter of the ring should correspond to the chandelier cup (it will be hidden under the cup later), the inner diameter should not impede the free passage of the chandelier hook. The ring must be firmly glued to the film (according to preliminary marking).
Need a heat gun
The most important equipment for mounting the ceiling is a liquefied gas heat gun. For the gun to work, a gas cylinder is needed, which connects to the gun with a hose. It is necessary that the cylinder is located at a distance from the gun, preferably in an adjacent room, because when installing a stretch ceiling, the temperature rises to 70 ° C, so the length of the hose should be more than 10 m.
As you can see, the installation of a false ceiling with apparent simplicity is not so elementary in execution. Requires expensive highly specialized equipment and the necessary skills.