Finishing and facing stairs
The staircase should guarantee safe movement and blend harmoniously into the interior. It is necessary to protect the structure itself from premature wear, and to rid the owners of the house of the need to permanently repair the structure and experience discomfort while using it. Rationally solving the whole range of tasks will allow the decoration of stairs, for the implementation of which we apply an extensive range of finishing materials. Let’s discuss the choice of the facing method and find the best option.
- Landmarks in the choice of finishes for stairs
- We choose finishing materials for stairs
- Staircase carpet
- Linoleum, rubber mats, laminate
- Clinker steps, tile, porcelain tile
- Natural stone finish
- Budget Solution – Paint
- Wood and its priorities
Landmarks in the choice of finishes for stairs
In fact, the staircase lining is a decorative decoration of existing wooden frames, metal structures or concrete marches with landings. The end result should be combined with optimization of operational characteristics and with the formation of comfortable conditions. An important argument justifying the preference for the material and method of implementation is the question of whether the stairs can be finished with their own hands. Summing up the arguments “for” and subtracting all aspects with the wording “against”, the owner will make a competent choice.
Basically, the solution to this arithmetic problem is based on three “whales”, these are:
- design configuration;
- preferred soundproofing parameters;
- user contingent.
Possible for independent execution of the method depends on the desire of the owner to finish the stairs himself, from his diligence and the availability of skills. Of course, it is necessary to take into account the staircase and the degree of presentability of the structure in the central or in the economic zone.
We choose finishing materials for stairs
The surfaces of concrete, metal and wooden stairs are finished in whole or in part, a combination of different materials is applicable. For example, the steps of a concrete staircase can be finished with wood, and nickel-plated parts, forged products, glass can be used as a fence.
The risers and lateral parts of the kosour can simply be painted, and treads should be faced with stone and laid down a plinth that combines with it. It is possible to finish the stairs with a laminate of wear-resistant 31st class, parquet planks, and any floor covering. The mass of options, consider each of them.
It is preferable to trim the stairs with carpet for families with small children, in houses where elderly people live, sensitive to unnecessarily sonorous noise of steps on a stone surface. Carpets often line the central stairs of respectable organizations..
Elastic soft material does not need to be cut, it is immediately laid. Fastening is made by plastic, wooden plinths, most often brass rods, which must be fixed in the treads with specific clamps. In case of too protruding tread, additional rod rods are used.
To extend the service life of the carpet, felt or similar material is laid under it. Any design can be finished with carpet, fastening folds with studs or bent needles.
Linoleum, rubber mats, laminate
They cover only tread. Non-slip rubber mats and cut linoleum are attached to wooden steps with metal planks and corners. Corners are used for fastening to the long side of the tread, the strap to the end part. They are simply glued to a concrete and metal surface with a special composition.
Planks and corners are also used for fixing the laminate. To cover the tread, you will need a solid bar, for the riser, the material is cut with a jigsaw along the line marked in advance.
Note. At the design stage, the type and dimensions of the fences, the location of the component parts must be taken into account.
Clinker steps, tile, porcelain tile
Ready-made brick and porcelain stoneware steps with anti-slip coating – a wonderful option, produced by manufacturers for all types of structures. You can now pick up and purchase a complete set for arranging the entire structure with baseboards mounted on the left or on the right. Using a ready-made kit, finishing steps of a staircase is very simple if the dimensions of the elements of the structure correspond to the dimensions of the products. In case of size mismatch, you will have to make a screed with concrete mixture.
Ceramic tiles will need to be trimmed, which is far from all artists come out aesthetically. For facing a spiral staircase, it is not recommended at all: there will be many ugly seams. Facing direct marches with tiles should start from the bottom step.
Natural stone finish
It is performed in the same way as the staircase is tiled, because granite, marble, non-porous sandstone or basalt used for decoration is supplied in the same format. Cons of the material in sonorous sound effects from steps and in cost. Porous rocks are too difficult to care for..
Budget Solution – Paint
If you are absolutely not interested in the presentable decoration of a staircase made of concrete or metal, if it leads to a basement or to another household room, you can banally paint all components of the structure with a composition with water-repellent properties. The paint will protect the material, but the steps will remain cold. She will not save from sonorous steps. True, if the lining of the steps of a concrete staircase combines dark wooden treads with risers painted with light paint, the design will become more elegant and visually lighter.
A ladder made of lumber can be painted or covered with translucent protective and decorative enamel, transparent or tinting varnish, antiseptic impregnation with a coloring substance.
Wood and its priorities
Lightweight material with excellent thermal insulation and decorative qualities can be easily processed, combined with all existing cladding options, looks organically in any interior. Facing a concrete staircase with a tree will slightly increase the weight of an already bulky heavy construction, and will give a respectable appearance to an unattractive building. You can decorate with wood any structure of any configuration, install beautiful fences with curly balusters, use art carvings.
The main plus is that the wood will make the steps warm; without fear, even barefoot can be walked on. Therefore, the owners of suburban housing have the priority of finishing the metal stairs with wood, because it, like concrete, does not please the owners with comfortable heat.
In such cases, either only treads or all the step elements on top of the previously laid moisture-proof plywood are installed on the welded metal ridge. After facing the steps, you can sheathe the entire structure with drywall.
Phased staircase lining with wood
It will be possible to sheathe a concrete staircase with wood almost two months after its pouring. Concrete during this period will release all excess moisture so that the lumber installed on top of it does not warp, do not crumble later and do not deform. The number and complexity of the technological steps depend on the quality of the fill. The full cycle of work on cladding concrete stairs with wood will include:
- Alignment. The surface of the monolithic structure with a fair amount of flaws will need to be leveled. For this, standard methods of leveling the concrete base are used: screed and logs. It takes a week or two to harden the polymer self-leveling mixture, the concrete screed will harden and lose moisture again for about two months. Better to use lags. And they are built faster, and the weight of the stairs will not increase too much.
Important. If the cladding of a monolithic structure with wood was originally planned, when designing it is necessary to take into account the thickness of the finishing material. Special care should be taken when assembling the formwork for pouring concrete stairs, so that it is not necessary to correct the difference in the size of the steps with the help of alignment.
- Laying plywood with water-repellent properties on top of screeds, logs or on steps that have been cleaned of growths and plaster. The material must be selected with a thickness of 12 mm, fasten it with a dowel-nails.
- Fixing step elements to plywood. Held with glue and screws.
- According to the marking, a plinth, balusters are installed, then handrails and decorative details of the fencing are fixed.
Most often, the facing of a staircase with a tree determines the use of parts polished and treated with paints and varnishes. However, no one forbids performing paintwork after.
Knowing the technology of lining and finishing of stairs is necessary not only for those who decide to do the work on their own, but also for those who decide to hire finishers and choose the best way of facing. The information obtained will help the owner to identify violations and suppress the desire of workers to save on time and materials.