Rules for buying a pump for watering the garden
The summer season brings garden lovers not only a tasty harvest, but also spinal diseases. And all because in dry years you have to water the beds often, and heavy buckets undermine the health of the back. It is good if there is a central water supply to which a hose can be connected. But in summer cottages this rarely happens. Typically, gardeners use rainwater or the nearest well. Pumps for watering the garden can be a good alternative to buckets.
- Determine the source of water intake
- How is the system of watering the garden from storage tanks
- How to install a barrel pump
- How to choose a pump for capacity
Honestly, manufacturers did not create any special pump for garden and flower needs. They developed several designs for lifting and supplying water of different levels of pollution. And the selection of a specific type of unit depends on the place where the summer resident extracts water for irrigation.
Determine the source of water intake
Before you buy a pump and accessories for watering the garden, you need to decide where you will mainly draw water from. The most popular option is from tanks, basins and Eurocubes, located under the gutters of buildings on the site. They can collect a large amount of liquid during rains, which is great for watering. Garden crops do not need crystal clear water. The main thing is that it is warm, settled. So if your area is not polluted by factory emissions, then rain water can be safely used for the garden and flower gardens. To irrigate from such a source, you will need a pump that was created to pump liquid from barrels and other containers.
The same type of unit can be recommended to summer residents who have a well or a well on the site. After all, no experienced owner will begin to water the plants just raised from the depths of the water, because its temperature is too cold. Plants experience cold shock and begin to hurt (roots rot). Therefore, first, the well water is lifted up, the barrels are filled with it, it is allowed to warm up, and only then are the beds watered. So the pump for barrels is quite useful in this case.
If there is a natural reservoir near the dacha, and it is from there that you take water for irrigation, then pumps capable of pumping heavily contaminated liquid are useful for this method of irrigation.
Some owners on the site have water facilities (fountains, pool, pond). Each of them requires periodic updating of the liquid and cleaning the bowl. So, all drained water can be used for gardening needs. True, the owners will have to abandon the chemical disinfection of the pool, otherwise they will fall into the beds with water, and from there into the vegetables. For such purposes, it is worth buying a pump for pumping clean water..
How is the system of watering the garden from storage tanks
If you select a unit for women’s hands, which have a small skill in working with equipment, then barrel pumps will be ideal. Their design is simple, easy to install and suitable for any shape of containers with a maximum depth of 1.2 meters.
Due to its low weight (up to 4 kg), this unit can be dragged around the country cottage without tirelessly. Barrel pumps operate almost silently, and when watering, you can immediately add liquid fertilizer to the barrel. They do not affect the operation of the system..
How to install a barrel pump
Before starting watering, the unit is fixed to the edge of the barrel, the cord is connected to the mains, the desired pressure is set on the body using the pressure regulator, and they begin to water. To protect against small debris, there is a filter element inside the pump.
How to choose a pump for capacity
Systems are available with different power levels. It is necessary to read in the instructions what area of simultaneous irrigation a specific model is designed for, i.e. how much per hour she pumps water. If the site is large, then it makes sense to invest in a two-stage mechanism. It gives more performance than single-stage models, and it will last longer.
Water from the well: which pump is better to use
If the water is supplied to you by a shallow well or a clean reservoir (pool, river) located nearby, then you should get a surface type system. Such a water pump lifts fluid from a ten-meter depth. His strength is enough to stand still to water the site with a radius of 40-50 m (depending on power).
The principle of operation of the surface unit
The unit itself is placed at the source of water intake. A special water intake hose connected to the pump or a metal pipe is lowered into a well or pond. And the second hose leaves the pump and throws water to the surface.
Important! Do not buy rubber water intake hoses for such systems, because their walls begin to shrink when the pressure difference changes, not letting the fluid out. Through such hoses, water will rise jerkily, or even not at all pass through the transferred walls.
Features of the operation of the surface pump
For high-quality operation, the pump is placed on a flat platform, because it vibrates. In addition, when working, it produces a lot of noise, which can be reduced if you put a rubber mat under the unit.
To protect the housing from precipitation, you will either have to hide it in the room after use, or build a protective box over it. For the winter, the system is dismantled and hidden in a room with a positive temperature.
Keep in mind that the water raised from the well will be cold. Not all plants can withstand it..
Well pump and equipment: watering the garden with water from the depths
If a well is drilled in the area, then the only way to raise water from it is a submersible pump. It completely sinks into the aquifer and is constantly there. And the water supply begins only after turning on the device in the network. When choosing these systems, one must take into account how deep your water stands, because different models raise it to a limited height. Some – up to 40 meters, others – up to 60, others – up to 80.
It is advisable to entrust the installation of the system to a specialist. He must dismantle the pump for the winter.
Heavily contaminated water sources: require drainage pumps
If the cottage does not have its own well or well, but there is a pond, a swamp or a muddy pond nearby, then water can be supplied to the garden with a special pump, which is designed to pump heavily contaminated liquids. Such systems are called drainage systems, because they were created to eliminate the effects of floods that flood basements, cesspools, etc. The drainage pumps have a system for filtering and grinding solid particles, so that neither dirt nor sand are not afraid of the mechanism. For the garden, it is enough to buy a model designed for pumping cold liquids.
Drainage units are not afraid of siltation, and they will submit all the contents from the bottom of the reservoir to the beds in a crushed form. So your plants will be provided with additional fertilizer.
If the natural source is too polluted with large solid particles, then you should consider buying a fecal pump. A special chopper is installed in it, which cuts any solid waste falling through the hose into the mechanism. With such a pump, you will not be afraid that the system will clog and fail.
What units produce drip irrigation of the garden
Often you can see on the network in the photo watering the garden with automatic equipment. This system is used by owners who want to economically consume water resources or do not have time to tinker with daily watering.
To establish automatic watering of the garden, you need a special pump. It is designated for drip irrigation. This is an expensive system that requires proper installation. But during the summer season, the owner will not spend time on watering the site, because the automation will do everything itself. The device has a pressure gauge, pressure switch, accumulator. All that is required of a person is to set the water supply mode on the control panel, i.e. the time interval through which the liquid will be supplied, and the force of the jet.
When you choose a pump, pay attention to the popularity of the manufacturer in your area. It is easier to find components for products of famous brands, and they are more likely to take them for repairs. It’s good to find out which brands have service centers nearby, in which case, contact the manufacturer directly.