Lighting

The main varieties of fixtures

Interior design is not possible without lighting devices, to which today it is customary to put forward increased requirements that are not limited to the direct purpose of providing the necessary lighting. Spotlights, sconces, chandeliers play another leading role in the design of rooms. After analyzing the main varieties of fixtures, you can determine their distinctive features, thanks to which it is possible to achieve the necessary results, developing the design of the premises.

Chandeliers

Interior design is not possible without lighting devices, to which today it is customary to put forward increased requirements that are not limited to the direct purpose of providing the necessary lighting. Spotlights, sconces, chandeliers play another leading role in the design of rooms. After analyzing the main varieties of fixtures, you can determine their distinctive features, thanks to which it is possible to achieve the necessary results, developing the design of the premises.

Chandeliers

Ceiling pendant lights are called chandeliers, structurally they provide for a large number of bulbs. These are the most commonly used lighting when lighting apartments. A chandelier, in fact, is a household fixture that provides uniform diffused light output. Most often, chandeliers are designed from three to six lamps. To ensure comfortable and proper lighting on ten square meters of area, you need to have about one hundred and fifty watts.

In modern chandeliers, the possibility of using decorative incandescent lamps is assumed, which provides lighter designs of the chandelier with a lower weight. When choosing a chandelier, you need to pay attention to the location of the lamps and the ceiling. Models of chandeliers in which the direction of the caps of incandescent bulbs is made to the bottom, while the plafond itself is facing the ceiling with a hole, they perform the direction of the main light fluxes upward. And light already reflected from the ceiling is scattered around the room.

Ceiling lights

It is easy enough to fix the ceiling lamp to the surface of the ceiling; moreover, such ceiling lamps do not need much space during installation. These lighting fixtures are ideal for providing high-quality lighting in small rooms: bathtubs, loggias, kitchens, corridors. For the bathroom, shades that have a geometric shape, protected from moisture penetration, are more suitable. If you are choosing a shade that uses incandescent lamps, keep in mind that one lamp provides a large flow of light in comparison with several lamps with the same total power. The main disadvantages of such shades include the need for disassembly of the structure in order to change a burned out lamp. Glass extends from the luminaire’s frame, the lamp is replaced, and the glass is reinstalled.

Single lamp fixtures

Lighting elements of this type work with an incandescent lamp serving as a light source. These luminaires are used to provide diffused lighting in small rooms. Single-lamp pendant luminaires are often set to the desired backlight height, they are ideal for providing local lighting. Single lamp fixtures can be produced with shades that are open either from above or below. Sometimes pendant lights resemble a lantern in artistic style.

Recessed Panel Lights

This type of fixtures is intended for installation in suspended ceilings, often such fixtures become their mandatory element. The main feature of these fixtures is the versatility of the installation, they can be mounted anywhere on the ceiling, a fluorescent lamp is required as a lighting element.

Thanks to such recessed panel lights, direct lighting is provided, the light fluxes of which are directed downward from the ceiling. Due to this feature, in order to create uniformity in matters of illumination, they are used not only single but several. Panel lights have the form of a box with a cover, made of transparent durable plastic.

Spotlights

These spotlights got their name because of their small size and due to the fact that they create direct local lighting. Such lamps fill only small areas of the surface with light. They are widely used in the construction of suspended and suspended ceilings, they are mounted in niches, in furniture, structurally they can be rotary and non-rotary.

Rotary spot lighting elements have an internal movable part of the armature, with the angle of the lamp, this allows you to direct the light flux in the necessary direction. The light source in such luminaires uses halogen lamps, or incandescent lamps, coated with a reflective mirror layer. These lighting devices look good on the surface of dark and light and ceilings, providing the effect of a high ceiling while enhancing the volume of the entire room.

By design, spotlights can be of open type with incandescent lamps or can have a special protective cover. When installed in humid rooms, they can be used if IP degree of protection is provided..

Many administrative and residential premises use chandeliers as the main type of ceiling-type luminaires. Design performance has a very wide variety. The simplest types have a simple shape and a fairly modest design. They produce constant streams of light. When the main luminous flux is directed downward, the area located under the lamp is perfectly illuminated, other areas of the room are not so brightly lit. If the light stream is directed towards the ceiling, then it reflects and scatters it throughout the room.

The main varieties of fixtures
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