Lighting

The main types of lamps

Lighting devices play an important role in interior decoration. Today, advanced requirements are being put forward for them, while designers are not limited to their main function – to create suitable lighting. Chandeliers, sconces, spotlights, etc. plays an important role in the design of the premises. Having reviewed main types of lamps, you can get acquainted with their features, which will help to achieve the desired results in the design of the room.

Chandeliers

Chandeliers are called pendant ceiling lights, which in their design have a large number of lamps. Today it is the most common type of fixtures used to illuminate apartments. At its core, a chandelier is a household lamp that gives out diffused light. Most often, chandeliers contain 3-6 lamps, and their power per 10 sq.m. should be around 150 watts.

Modern chandeliers usually involve the use of decorative incandescent lamps. Thanks to them, the weight and size of the chandelier are significantly reduced. When choosing a chandelier, pay special attention to the location of shades and lamps. Chandeliers, in which the lamps are directed with the base down and their shades facing the ceiling with their opening, direct the main stream of light into the ceiling, from which it is reflected and scattered. This type of chandelier is used to create diffuse and indirect lighting..

Ceiling lights

Ceiling lights are easily mounted to the ceiling and require very little installation space. They become ideal for lighting small rooms: corridors, kitchens, loggias and bathrooms. The bathroom uses geometric shades that are protected from moisture. When choosing a lampshade with an incandescent lamp, it is important to consider the following law: one lamp produces a greater luminous flux than several lamps with the same total power. The main disadvantage of the shades is the need to disassemble them to replace a burned out lamp. To do this, just remove the glass from the frame and replace.

Single lamp fixtures

Such lighting items use an incandescent lamp as a light source. They are used to obtain diffuse lighting in small rooms. Single-lamp pendant lights can quite often be adjusted to the required height of the backlight, so they are ideal for local lighting. They may have a ceiling that is open from below or from above. There are times when a pendant lamp looks like a lantern, having its own seasoned art style.

Recessed Panel Lights

This type finds its application in suspended ceilings, and often they are an obligatory part of them. Their feature is that such light sources can be installed anywhere on the ceiling. They use a fluorescent lamp.

Thanks to the built-in panel lights, you can create direct lighting, which is directed down from the ceiling. Because of this feature, to create uniformity in illumination, they are used not one at a time, but in a certain amount per room. The panel light looks like a box with a lid made of transparent plastic.

Spotlights

Spotlights got their name because of their small size and direct local lighting. Thanks to them, only a small surface area is filled with light. They are widely used in suspended and suspended ceilings, in niches, furniture, they can be fixed and rotary..

Swivel spotlights have a movable inner part of the fixture, while the angle of the lamp allows you to direct the light stream in the right direction. As a light source, they use either halogen lamps or incandescent lamps coated with a reflective mirror layer. Such devices will look good on light and dark ceilings, creating the effect of a higher ceiling and increasing the volume of the room.

Spotlights can have the design of an open incandescent lamp or have a protective cover. In humid rooms, they can only be used if the degree of protection is IP. If they have a mobile design, then thanks to a clothespin they can be fixed on a cord or ledge.

Lighting devices play an important role in interior decoration. Today, advanced requirements are being put forward for them, while designers are not limited to their main function – to create suitable lighting. Chandeliers, sconces, spotlights, etc. plays an important role in the design of the premises. Having reviewed main types of lamps, you can get acquainted with their features, which will help to achieve the desired results in the design of the room.

Chandeliers

Chandeliers are called pendant ceiling lights, which in their design have a large number of lamps. Today it is the most common type of fixtures used to illuminate apartments. At its core, a chandelier is a household lamp that gives out diffused light. Most often, chandeliers contain 3-6 lamps, and their power per 10 sq.m. should be around 150 watts.

Modern chandeliers usually involve the use of decorative incandescent lamps. Thanks to them, the weight and size of the chandelier are significantly reduced. When choosing a chandelier, pay special attention to the location of shades and lamps. Chandeliers, in which the lamps are directed with the base down and their shades facing the ceiling with their opening, direct the main stream of light into the ceiling, from which it is reflected and scattered. This type of chandelier is used to create diffuse and indirect lighting..

Ceiling lights

Ceiling lights are easily mounted to the ceiling and require very little installation space. They become ideal for lighting small rooms: corridors, kitchens, loggias and bathrooms. The bathroom uses geometric shades that are protected from moisture. When choosing a lampshade with an incandescent lamp, it is important to consider the following law: one lamp produces a greater luminous flux than several lamps with the same total power. The main disadvantage of the shades is the need to disassemble them to replace a burned out lamp. To do this, just remove the glass from the frame and replace.

Single lamp fixtures

Such lighting items use an incandescent lamp as a light source. They are used to obtain diffuse lighting in small rooms. Single-lamp pendant lights can quite often be adjusted to the required height of the backlight, so they are ideal for local lighting. They may have a ceiling that is open from below or from above. There are times when a pendant lamp looks like a lantern, having its own seasoned art style.

Recessed Panel Lights

This type finds its application in suspended ceilings, and often they are an obligatory part of them. Their feature is that such light sources can be installed anywhere on the ceiling. They use a fluorescent lamp.

Thanks to the built-in panel lights, you can create direct lighting, which is directed down from the ceiling. Because of this feature, to create uniformity in illumination, they are used not one at a time, but in a certain amount per room. The panel light looks like a box with a lid made of transparent plastic.

Spotlights

Spotlights got their name because of their small size and direct local lighting. Thanks to them, only a small surface area is filled with light. They are widely used in suspended and suspended ceilings, in niches, furniture, they can be fixed and rotary..

Swivel spotlights have a movable inner part of the fixture, while the angle of the lamp allows you to direct the light stream in the right direction. As a light source, they use either halogen lamps or incandescent lamps coated with a reflective mirror layer. Such devices will look good on light and dark ceilings, creating the effect of a higher ceiling and increasing the volume of the room.

Spotlights can have the design of an open incandescent lamp or have a protective cover. In humid rooms, they can only be used if the degree of protection is IP. If they have a mobile design, then thanks to a clothespin they can be fixed on a cord or ledge.

In many administrative and residential areas, chandeliers are main type of ceiling lights. In their design performance, their choice is quite diverse. The simplest species have a simple shape and modest design. They assume a constant direction of light. In those cases when the main stream is directed down, then the area under the lamps is beautifully lit, while other parts of the room are not so brightly lit. If the light stream is directed to the ceiling, then it is reflected from it and scattered throughout the room.

The main types of lamps
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