Fireplaces in the interior of an apartment and a country house
At all times, the hearth is a symbol of home comfort and well-being of the family. Gradually, primitive bonfires in the caves were transformed into exquisite fireplaces in the interiors of modern houses and apartments, while continuing to warm their inhabitants with the primitive domestic warmth. In this article, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the features of the placement of fireplaces, with popular design solutions and architectural styles..
- Fireplace in a private house or apartment
- Architectural styles of fireplaces in the interior
- Options for the location of fireplaces in the interior
Fireplace in a private house or apartment
Despite the fact that real wood fireplaces today have practically lost their original function of heating a room, turning into an effective design tool, they continue to be a serious engineering object that requires special conditions for installation: a spacious room and the possibility of arranging a chimney. In a private house, these conditions are created even at the design stage of construction or reconstruction of the building and as a reward they get the opportunity to contemplate a live fire.
It is more difficult and sometimes impossible to equip a wood-burning fireplace in an apartment. For the full-fledged operation of a natural fireplace, a constant flow of air is required with a complete absence of drafts. Double-glazed windows in windows can create a vacuum effect and the fireplace will begin to smoke.
Residents of old houses can afford fireplaces in the interior of the apartment, restoring and cleaning old chimneys and ventilation ducts. However, if the old house has wooden floors and the apartment is located above the first floor, they will need to be further strengthened. The owners of new buildings were also lucky: in them, as a rule, a place for a fireplace is already provided for by the project.
In panel houses, it is practically impossible to obtain permission from the relevant authorities to install a wood fireplace, unless it is theoretically possible on the upper floors to install a lightweight model of a fireplace stove that is structurally reminiscent of a stove. For all other cases, high-quality models of wood fireplaces are suitable: electric fireplaces and biofireplaces.
Architectural styles of fireplaces in the interior
If the fireplace is located in the room, it, regardless of location, turns into its center, and the whole interior of the house or apartment is usually built around its concept. Depending on the architectural style of the interior in modern design, four main types of fireplace design are used:
- hi-tech (hi-tech).
What features are inherent in each architectural style, and how their fireplaces embody in an apartment – interior photos will demonstrate brightly and eloquently.
The classic of fireplace art and style is a U-shaped portal, in the decoration of which noble marble, malachite and other types of natural stone, forged elements and wood are used. Strict classic fireplaces are ideally combined with elegant restraint of interiors in a classical style, and decorated with columns, sculptures and intricate stucco molding will decorate the interior of the hall with a fireplace of a luxurious playful baroque or empire mansion.
The country style, which is also called rustic, is characterized by fireplaces with a D-shaped portal. They use deliberately simple, rough materials in their decoration: porous stone, for example, sandstone or shell rock, tiles of “manual” work with ethnic ornaments. A country-style fireplace will fit perfectly into the interior of a log cabin in the style of a Russian tower and with part will play the role of a hearth in the living room in the style of the Mediterranean or French Provence.
At the heart of the Art Nouveau style is an ageless classic: the same U-shaped portal of the fireplace, but the lines are softened, the details are rounded. The Art Nouveau fireplace, as a rule, occupies the entire space of the wall from floor to ceiling; noble marble and metal are used in decoration, it is elegant and elegant in its emphasized simplicity. Modern fireplaces, combining perfectly with other architectural styles, are equally good in the interiors of houses, apartments, restaurants, theaters, and offices of reputable companies.
The hi-tech hi-tech style is uncompromising, but the fireplaces in the interior of the hi-tech apartment are an island of living warmth among the ice kingdom of transparent glass, glossy stone and sparkling metal. The design of hi-tech fireplaces is most often unexpected, futuristic, attractive in its unusualness and is suitable for both residential and public premises.
Options for the location of fireplaces in the interior
The constructive variety of modern fireplaces allows you to place them in any room and in any place of one room, but still there are the most common options among them. There is a very conditional, but accepted among architects, designers, stove stoves and fireplace companies, the division of fireplaces at the location in the interior:
Wall-mounted fireplaces are more often found in interiors, as compared to others they occupy the smallest precious area of a room, but they have several of their own, not always pleasant.
If you have to place the fireplace near the main inner wall, there may be a problem with the placement of the fireplace structure: it is not always possible to hide it. In this case, it is necessary to construct a decorative box that will hide the connection unit of the furnace to the chimney and act as a heat distribution structure for heating the room.
The option of installing a fireplace near an external wall is also undesirable: additional thermal insulation of both the walls and the chimney will be required. If the wall is facade, then the outer part of the chimney will violate the aesthetics of the facade of the entire building.
The small thickness of the internal walls can also become an obstacle to placing a wall fireplace.
Built-in fireplaces, being built into wall niches, half-columns and even columns, are capable of unrecognizable transformation of the interior of a room with a fireplace, in which it was impossible to do without important, but ugly engineering structures. Built-in fireplaces are practical because they do not occupy a usable area, but they should be planned to be installed at the stage of building construction..
In the European tradition, corner fireplaces have long served for heating several rooms simultaneously. The corner fireplace in the interior of a small room is also optimal: it, like a built-in fireplace, not only saves valuable useful area, but also brings a special charm into it, smoothing out the stiffness of sharp corners.
A two-sided fireplace is one of the most interesting interior design tools. As a stand-alone construction in the middle of the room, a two-sided fireplace can divide the space into two separate zones. At the same time, being in any zone, you can also heat the fireplace, and enjoy the look of a live fire. Alternatively, a two-sided fireplace can be placed in the interior wall, and then two fireplace rooms connected by one chimney will appear in the house at once. An island fireplace, or freestanding, is an effective way to place a fireplace in the center of the room, symbolizing the enduring role of the hearth.
The island fireplace is open from all sides and the decor in this complex engineering design is subject to all the elements, and an unusual portal, and a chimney built into the ceiling. Given the cumbersome design, the island fireplace with an open flame, a luxurious chimney made of glass or metal is effective as a central decorative design solution only in the interior of a large area. Its heat dissipation is negligible and for heating a large room it is inefficient.
Hanging fireplaces are not only a spectacular, but also an exotic way of placing a hearth. In this case, the chimney or smoke collector is at the same time a way of attaching the structure to the ceiling or to the floor. Suspended fireplaces can be either island, wall or corner: in any case, the spectacle of an open flame among the glass and steel structural elements “floating” in the air is impressive.
Portable fireplaces are an extensive family of freestanding electric fireplaces and decorative biofireplaces. Everyone knows what an electric fireplace is, but a biofireplace is a decorative version of an alcohol burner, in which the role of coals is played by red-hot ceramic elements. The design is mobile, due to the fact that biofuels completely burn out and do not require a stationary chimney.
Thus, choosing the design of the hearth and the option of its placement in the interior of the room, one should take into account all the factors that may affect its smokeless work. This is the design of the chimney or the possibility of its installation, the conditions of ventilation and air exchange in the house. Mistakes in the design and execution of the project may result in a stylish, beautifully decorated fireplace becoming not a home, but a disgusting smoking monster or source of ignition.