Replacing the wiring and correct water pipes
What is the key to a relaxing stay inprivate house or apartment? It is difficult to answer unequivocally, is not it? Yet powerful "foundation" of comfort and relaxation in a house on the right is considered to be well-established work of engineering communications systems (see, it is impossible to safely enjoy the beauty svezhepoklennyh wallpaper, knowing that the pipe flows in the bath), among which the water supply is one of the prerogative places. The service life of all tools and materials is limited, therefore the need to overhaul many systems that provide the benefits of civilization, our humble abode, sooner or later comes. Replacing the water pipes - the process responsible and difficult, but it is quite feasible.
- The reasons for the replacement of plumbing pipes?
- Drawing up a detailed plan
- Pipe types: advantages and disadvantages
- Types of wiring, their specificity
- Self-installation of plastic pipes
The reasons for the replacement of plumbing pipes?
The first and main reason - it is the logical endtheir life: that the system fell into disrepair impossible not to notice. It is also an occasion for the repair can be an internal "overgrown" pipes salt deposits, the deterioration of their capacity, forced to change the route of pipes laying.
Drawing up a detailed plan
Pre-determine a location of pipes, the required number of "accessories." Make the most accurate on paper, detailed route sketch indicating the location of places of cranes, etc.
Be sure to check all the "problem" areas, the expected turns. Once again, carefully measure all, do not be lazy to double-check the figures.
Pipe types: advantages and disadvantages
Selection of pipes - the question is not less important than good planning.
Galvanized steel pipes
+ Resistant, strong, durable, able to serve more than a dozen years.
- Corrode, are prone to the formation of "nodules" formed rust deteriorates water quality, the complexity of the installation.
+ Durable, smooth, no rust.
- The high cost, complexity of installation.
+ Easy to install, affordable price.
- Do not bend, poorly maintained low temperatures.
+ Ease of connection, low price, high pressure resistance.
- Fragile at the "minus" to be sensitive to UV light.
+ Frost, hidden gasket.
- Do not bend, mounting is not possible without special apparatus.
+ Ease of installation, bend.
- Expensive fittings.
Types of wiring, their specificity
The efficiency of the entire water supply system is directly dependent on how well implemented distributing water pipes with their own hands.
There are two types of it - the collector and tee.
In the first case, each element is connected to a sanitary water supply independently. When you break any of the "devices" can be disabled without affecting the functionality of the others.
Tee layout - is consistentConnect all plumbing and water supply together. Troubleshooting in the system is possible only when all overlapping lines ( "dehydration" of the whole apartment).
Basic rules of routing water pipes:
- Fewer joints and corners - higher system availability.
- The diameter of the pipe can not be selected, proceeding exclusively from their own desires: to consider and technical aspects.
- Laying should be done without tension, away from fire or sharp objects.
Self-installation of plastic pipes
When the plan is ready, and all the necessary materials purchased, you can proceed directly to the installation.
Make sure that all shut-off valves are tight. Otherwise they must be replaced, and only then proceed to the removal of the old water supply structure.
The most popular are todaymetal pipes, because of their good performance and optimal balance of price and quality. Installing add-produced with threaded fittings and does not require any adaptations tricky. Experience of similar work in this case is not required. Hacksaw or pipe cutter, cut a piece of pre-metered pipes (perpendicular axis). With a sharp knife, remove the burrs. On sprinted fitting nut and plug it into the tube. Tighten the nut to ensure maximum bond strength.
For self-installation pipesPVC, you will need scissors, sandpaper, knife, glue and primer. Cut them strictly perpendicular. Chamfer knife, sandpaper smooth out irregularities. The end of the pipe and fitting properly lubricate primer - this will ensure better penetration of the adhesive. Clay also apply a thin layer. Enter the tube into the slot and rotate a quarter turn.
Important! About 20 seconds firmly hold the glued parts.
Assembling copper tubes is carried out by solderingor compression fittings. The second case - a simple and affordable simple townsfolk, for which the replacement of water pipes with their own hands is a novelty. Cut the tube hacksaw, clean the end of the burr, chamfer. Following disassemble the fitting, slide the ferrule and nut. Install fitting and "by hand" tighten the clamping nut.
Attention! Always make sure that the cone-shaped ring laid down without distortions - only then recommended to the final fixing of a wrench.
When planning the replacement of pipes, do not try to save money. By selecting quality materials for many years you will forget about the problems with water supply.