A cozy garden with a gazebo, green lawn with pooland the beach, blooming flowerbeds, garden, pleasing the rich harvest - the owner of all that you can be, if you buy a piece of land. However, the nature of ownership require care and attention. If the first time you will get the pleasure of dashes with a bucket and watering plants, then eventually you get tired of such a duty. This is normal. Sooner or later, any landlord comes up with the idea that such a mission will cope admirably automatic irrigation system.
- Step 1 - Layout
- Step 2 - Purchase of materials
- Step 3 - Preparation and installation of the system
- The subtleties of the organization and operation of irrigation systems
Step 1 - Layout
Plan - is the starting point, because to ensure theautomatic watering area will have to invest a lot of works. However, you want to "base" from which you will "dance". After all, you need, first, to purchase equipment (and before that, to calculate what and how much to buy), and secondly, a list of work to understand how much time and effort the process takes, whether you can handle it yourself.
It's important to know! Experienced landlords recommend draw irrigation scheme as soon as you have purchased a lot, so you do not spoil the crops and not to disturb the harmony of the landscape.
Where to begin? Take an ordinary drawing paper (or as it is often called - graph paper), put on a piece of the house and other buildings in the area (gazebo, patio, children's playground, swimming pool, well and so on), track area grill - all this you will not have move to another place. It should also be applied to the layout plan and planting areas, but if you have nothing planted, it will be possible landing place, taking into account the future of irrigation system arrangement.
First, mark the location of water intake and homepumping station. Ideally, if the water flow comes from the central portion, while irrigation line are of equal length, which means that the water pressure within the system will be uniform, therefore, your vegetation is watered uniformly. From water source locations along the perimeter drawn pipe and its branch, which is counting on finding sprinklers (sprinklers). the last number depends on the radius of their action. If you plan to buy sprinklers with a radius of, for example, 25 m, then on the layout diagram you need a compass to outline the coverage of each of the sprinklers. To all the groups need to install watering heads solenoid valves. Plan Example, you can see in the photo below.
As you can imagine, all the buildings and areas whereundesirable ingress of water should not fall into the range of action of sprinklers. Then, automatic irrigation scheme is transferred directly to the territory. To do this, make a layout using pegs and string. As the stakes you can use the handy improvised material (plates, welding electrodes, and so on). Cord better purchase polypropylene, colored or white - are "beacons" are reliable and can be seen from afar. The layout expose some distance from the proposed location of passage systems and see that the path was not rocky areas, otherwise you have to then adjust the laying plan. As you can see, the system of automatic watering with their hands - it's not prohibitively difficult project you can think of before, although time-consuming, requiring the attention of the block.
Step 2 - Purchase of materials
When you have planned an automaticwatering and mark territory, all you need to carefully compare the plan diagram and calculate how much material you buy. To make automatic watering with their hands, as a rule, requires such components:
- pumping station;
- pressure regulators;
- solenoid valves;
- tools for digging ditches and works;
Performance pumping station directlyIt depends on the area of irrigated land. Correctly calculate the power, you can use the advice of experts (on the web or store). "Why buy the filters?" - You ask. Typically, the source of water is a self-made well, which means that the system can enter the grains of sand and other particles that can damage the sprinklers or even score a pipe. So what better to err and to set filters. Pressure Regulators need for a system that involves the installation of sprinklers in all pressure or else, when you make an automatic drip irrigation. Controllers and electromechanical valve takes over the function of alternately irrigation area zones. Controllers are responsible for the closing and opening of the solenoid valves, and the last - for the supply of water to the sprinklers. Pipes, experts advise to buy the low-pressure polyethylene. The cross-section depends on their placement area. At the bottom - larger and closer to the sprinklers - less. Sprinklers, as you already understood, have a different impact radius, it you had to think through in advance. With regards to the types of sprinklers, they are:
- Rotary (rotating);
Step 3 - Preparation and installation of the system
The plan is ready, the marking is done, the materials purchased, it's time to install automatic watering the garden. Get ready for the next phase of work.
- Installation of pump station.
- Digging ditches.
- Laying of pipes.
- Attaching the component parts of the pump.
- Installing sprinklers.
- Mounting controllers motion regulators, solenoid valves and a filter.
- Commissioning and start-up of the system.
In general, the procedure set out work briefly, butclearly describes how to make automatic watering, but some process steps still need a more detailed description. What is the depth of the trench need? Professionals say that the ideal depth of the trunk and its branches - 1 meter. Then, the pipe will be located below the area of soil freezing. Of course, such work is labor-intensive, so you can enter, as well as many amateur gardeners, and dig a ditch depth of about 30 cm, roughly speaking, a little more than a bayonet spade. But do such a deepening is necessary with some slope and install drain valves at points below the rest. Why do it? To drain all the water from the pipes before preservation system for the winter. Joining pipes, valves and other components of the highway it is recommended on the surface, and then the finished pipe is laid in a ditch. Next, make sure the system for leaks, then you can wind the sprinklers and fill the trench with soil. It remains to adjust the direction of irrigation sprinklers, and turn on the water.
When all the work is done, the main thing - to ensure proper care of the system, then it will serve you long and true. Thus, the basic rules of operation of irrigation equipment:
- twice a month, inspect the filters, change them if necessary;
- watch out for the purity of the system components;
- Periodically check the sprinkler head in the case of contamination clean the holes with a soft brush;
- make sure the soil at the location of the equipment, eliminating subsidence;
- before the start of the season and will certainly change the battery remove them for the winter;
- before preservation system carefully drain the water;
- at the end of the season remove the solenoid valves or purge the system with compressed air;
- humidity sensors and rain in winter move to store in a warm room.
And now a little about the subtleties of irrigation organization:
- irrigate crops is recommended in the morning or evening hours (experts say that the evening - the perfect time);
- saturation of the ground water should be sufficient, if the soil is humidified by 30-50 centimeters;
- an overabundance of moisture is not less dangerous than the lack, because it leads to rotting of the roots;
- watering planting is not recommended to open stream;
- frequency of use of the system, no doubt, dependson many factors (such as weather and the type of plants), but stick to the established norms, for example, the lawn should be watered every few days and not less than 1 time in 7 days.
Now that you know how to make automatic watering their hands, therefore, correctly decide whether to engage in such work unit you own or turn to professionals.