Ventilation

How to check and clean the ventilation in the apartment - a review of the causes of blockages and their elimination

How to check and clean the ventilation in the apartment

If the ventilation is good, we forget about itexistence. Wondered how clean the ventilation in the apartment, we begin when there is mold in the bathroom on the walls and the smell of damp, long dries linen, misted windows and the smell can be determined that they are preparing for a dinner at the neighbors. After all, a prerequisite for being a good person is a constant flow of fresh clean air, and a violation of the ventilation in the apartment leads to a decrease in efficiency, fatigue and the development of allergies, asthma and other chronic diseases.

Content

  • The reasons because of which the ventilation is not working
  • Check the operation of the ventilation duct
  • As a self-clean the ventilation means at hand
  • Review ways to improve ventilation

The reasons because of which the ventilation is not working

Unfortunately efficient integrated installationmechanical ventilation remain the prerogative of modern residential complexes built in recent years. The vast majority of apartment buildings, like the old "Khrushchev" and later the nine-shestnadtsatietazhek, ventilation systems equipped with a natural impulse. This is the cheapest, well all the familiar scheme, when a common entrance on the vertical channel-connected riser vents from each apartment. Reasons for not working ventilation in the apartment, designed for natural ventilation due to "leaks" and slits of windows and doors, there may be several:

  • Replacing old windows with modern double-glazed windows. For "hood" with a natural impulse constant air flow needed from the street, which provides old window slits. Heat-sealed double-glazed window overlaps the natural air flow, humidity rises constantly misted windows in the apartment appear mold and the smell of damp. The room has to constantly ventilate as a result of energy-saving feature of plastic windows are not provided and are required to improve the ventilation measures.
Replacing old windows with sealed double-glazed windows disturbs the natural air circulation and impairs ventilation in the apartment: increased humidity, sweat window, there is a smell of damp

Replacing old windows with sealed double-glazed windows disturbs the natural air circulation and impairs ventilation in the apartment: increased humidity, sweat window, there is a smell of damp

  • Vent clogged, blocked atredevelopment of another apartment in the entrance or in the air outlet has been taken out of the very powerful cooker hood. Natural ventilation of apartment buildings is calculated on the air flow rate is not more than 90 cubic meters. m / h, and when you connect to it just a cooker hood, an air flow capacity up to 1000 cubic meters. m / h, ventilation systems of neighboring apartments will inevitably suffer. When the vent is clogged riser require professional cleaning it, and in the second case - the complete renovation of ventilation in the apartment by a neighbor who created the problem.
  • Winter hood works well, and the badventilation in the apartment is only observed in the summer heat. The main condition for the effective operation of ventilation with the natural impulse is the difference in temperature inside and outside the premises.
    Ventilation natural impulse in older homes designed for the temperature difference inside and outside the apartment, so in summer it does not actually work, mold on the walls appear

    Ventilation natural impulse in older homes designed for the temperature difference inside and outside the apartment, so in summer it does not actually work, mold on the walls appear

    In summer this difference is negligible, and the old rulesSNP suggested that the tenants in the summer will be airing the room by opening the window. Regular cleaning of ventilation in the apartment can be a little normalize the situation, but completely solve the problem only setting compulsory system.

Check the operation of the ventilation duct

Knowing how to check ventilation in the apartment with the help of available tools, you can quickly establish the extent of its capacity and take steps to improve its effectiveness.

Thus, for verification of traction in air ducts mustto open the window in any room and bring it to the vent in the kitchen or bathroom flame lighters or candles. If the ventilation is good, it will pull the flame side of the canal. However, representatives of gas services is not recommended to use this method in the houses with the main gas supply due to its flammability in the case of gas leakage in any apartment entrance.

Lighter Flame tilted to vent: ventilation works fine. The candle confirms that the ventilation in the apartment did not work.

Lighter Flame tilted to vent: ventilation works fine. The candle confirms that the ventilation in the apartment did not work.

There is also a second, secure way. At the open window to the ventilation grille can bring a sheet of typing paper but better tissue or thin toilet. Good traction is to pull the paper to the grid, that is, ventilation is excellent.

Check ventilation using a sheet of paper: the air flow keeps the paper on the grille and ventilation functions perfectly

Check ventilation using a sheet of paper: the air flow keeps the paper on the grille and ventilation functions perfectly

In hot weather the air is too "heavy" andthe effectiveness of natural ventilation to check these methods fail. If when checking in cool weather flame lighters remain stationary and the sheet of paper is not stuck to the grille, ventilation should be cleaned.

As a self-clean the ventilation means at hand

One of the most common reasons forwhich does not operate the ventilation in an apartment can be an ordinary clogging: fat, dust, dirt, debris, over the years accumulated in the mine air ducts.

Under the rules of operation of multi-family residentialhomes to tenants access to the main engineering systems of common use is prohibited. Therefore, the cleaning of ventilation in the apartment as part of an apartment building - a feature of professional services, licensed to perform such work and are well familiar with the device of the ventilation system in a particular house.

On the other hand, each apartment owner mustin order to maintain all located in its engineering systems and know how to clean the ventilation in the apartment, or rather - perform preventive cleaning of the ventilation duct coming from an apartment to a common riser.

It looks like a vent before and after cleaning. Self can only be carried out preventive cleaning of the ventilation duct, which is located directly in the apartment

It looks like a vent before and after cleaning. Self can only be carried out preventive cleaning of the ventilation duct, which is located directly in the apartment

To do this, carefully remove the ventgrille and wash it with grease, dust and dirt. You can use a mild detergent. Dirt and grease from the adjacent walls of the channel opening should be scraped off with a scraper, and then inserting into the vent hose of a vacuum cleaner, it is good vacuum for 4-5 minutes, moving through the channel up and down. After completing the dry cleaning, the available land ventkanala wipe gently with a damp cloth and close the aperture grille.

Important! It is strictly forbidden for self-cleaning of the ventilation duct to lower it on the rope bulky items or use harsh chemicals or solvents to dissolve stubborn dirt. Valid only use dry ice, which is great fat dissolves plaque and evaporates, leaving no smell.

Review ways to improve ventilation

Simple mechanical cleaning of ventilationcanals, residential and trunk, especially in old houses are not always able to improve the efficiency of the ventilation system. A few tips on how to improve ventilation in the apartment to help you choose the best option for the budget, due to which your home will be filled with clean fresh air and life in it will be pleasant and comfortable.

When replacing old windows on the windows, choosemodel with the function of micro-ventilation. If problems with the ventilation of the work arose after the installation of plastic windows, they can install special equipment that will restore the natural flow of air from the street: valves, vents or fittings, closing the window without pressing and imitating certain functions cracks and leaks of old wooden windows. This low-cost improvements will save you from high humidity and damp smell, but the problem of cleaning the polluted outside air will not solve.

Valve vent built into the glazing, improve ventilation in the apartment, but the outdoor air cleaning does not solve the problem

Valve vent built into the glazing, improve ventilation in the apartment, but the outdoor air cleaning does not solve the problem

To improve the ventilation of individual rooms,kitchen, toilet, bathroom, you can set supply and exhaust fan. These devices are effective enough, are designed to work in conditions of high humidity and are available in the window, pripotolochnom or wall mounted.

Wall, pripotolochny window or air intake valve improves the efficiency of ventilation in a separate room

Wall, pripotolochny window or air intake valve improves the efficiency of ventilation in a separate room

Integrated supply and exhaust ventilationthe system is able to provide high-quality atmosphere in the room for any purpose, but it is an expensive project, requiring a complete reconstruction of apartment in the house of the old buildings. Apartments in new homes today such a ventilation system is already equipped.

Even in an apartment with an effective supply and exhaustventilation should not abandon the proven advantages of centuries of natural ventilation, especially if the house is located in the green zone. For example, a fireplace, a well-ventilated room and drying air - a perfect example of the natural ventilation and air conditioning device, especially in winter.

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