Laying of stoves and fireplaces
How nice cold rainy night, when forwindows pour of rain and wind noise, nestle at the lights with your favorite newspaper and a cup of hot tea. A dream, you say? Not at all, because if you really want, even the most improbable dreams turn into reality. Calm warmth and homely atmosphere - not only the merit of all family members, but also the hearth of the fireplace. Masonry fireplace will create a cozy atmosphere and bring to the interior a special detail - a symbol of happiness, prosperity and well-being.
- Fireplace - a resurgent popularity
- Masonry fireplace made of bricks: where to start?
- What is the scheme of masonry?
- Special material and the solution
- Corner fireplaces: the specifics of the device
- Dimensions that must be met
- Poryadovkoy corner fireplace made of bricks
- Laying the fire with their own hands
- The foundation for the fireplace
- Structures Technology fireplace
- Laying floors - an important step
Fireplace - a resurgent popularity
Fireplace - the attribute of the unique appearance of yourhome, experiencing a rebirth today. Furnaces of all shapes and veneer options can rightly be called the best decoration that warm and dank autumn evening present and the mood, if you want to raise, and close friends gather together. In addition, the fireplace, which is known to few, does not allow the formation of moisture and odors, this is possible thanks to the constant air movement in the room.
Clutches fireplaces with their hands - A laborious process, requiring a careful and responsible approach, because of this will depend on the result.
Masonry fireplace made of bricks: where to start?
The most common type of materialBuilding fire - brick. Fireplaces made of brick, fit perfectly into any interior. The process of resettlement, although it seems very complicated, when the competent organization of work progress, it will carry out with their own hands.
To simplify the problem and coordinate the procedure, it is necessary to develop a styling scheme.
What is the scheme of masonry?
Driving masonry, made right - halfsuccess because it reflects all phases of work, which helps to avoid fatal mistakes. The scheme should be reflected poryadovkoy masonry fireplace, step by step, consistently. Develop a drawing (in the presence of a great desire and relevant knowledge) you can own, but you can use ready-made samples, which, by the way, on the Internet open spaces abound.
And here are some more interesting options poryadovkoy:
Special material and the solution
Laying of stoves and fireplaces is most often made ofclay solid bricks. However, it may be used, and other heat-resistant materials such as refractory brick or stone. For the face of the bricks should choose the highest quality, absolutely identical in size and color, with right angles and smooth edges.
Manufacture of furnaces and fireplaces requirespecial solution. The solution for masonry fireplace is composed of cement, clay and sand. The content of cement should be small and do not exceed the required ratio of 1 part cement to eight parts sand. First, mix the dry sand and cement, and then added to the clay. Need full composition uniformity, the mixture should be pasty consistency, without lumps.
This need to know! As part of the solution is crucial: sand must be sifted through a fine sieve, clay should not contain impurities. Clay before laying soaked in water until the clay milk which also should drain.
Corner fireplaces: the specifics of the device
Corner fireplace - one of the most beautiful wayshome heating. This is due to the fact that the placement of the fireplace in the corner itself is very attractive, and if at the same time opening the firebox is oriented symmetrically with respect to the axis of the corner formed by the walls of the room, then the best option you can imagine to create an original look of the house.
Corner Fireplace organically looks likethe inner and the outer wall. The main thing - to consider the future location of the pipe. If the fireplace is located in the inner wall of the Perepadnaya roof, you should know that you need to construct a chimney above the ridge of the main roof.
It is important! At long the furnace tube and the rear wall of the fireplace heats up quite strong, so the wooden house is supposed to think through a plan of fire events.
Dimensions that must be met
Dimensions of the fireplace is selected, guided by areaand the volume of the heated space. But if this option you define yourself, then there are the numbers that should be considered mandatory. For example, the height and width of the flue chimney small holes is 2: 3 (height to width). The depth of the firebox 1: 2 or 2: 3. Dimensions of the need to observe, because the smaller the depth will cause smoke and large - reduce the heat transfer.
The size of the flue opening is selectedaccording to the area of the furnace opening, this value should be approximately 10 times less than it. To increase the heat transfer capacity of the back wall of the firebox operate tilted forward, starting at 1/3 of its height. Above a furnace smoke box.
It is important! Between the rear wall of the firebox and smoke box is necessary to release the ledge called the pass. It will prevent the removal of sparks and soot out.
Poryadovkoy corner fireplace made of bricks
Intending to make a stove fireplace will poryadovkoybe the main assistant to do a good job. Poryadovkoy - a detailed diagram indicating the position of each brick. Whatever you asked to find "poryadovkoy: fireplaces" or "poryadovkoy: stoves, fireplaces" almighty Google will give you the same information - poryadovkoy will accurately calculate the number of bricks, avoiding overpayments of materials.
It is important! Poryadovkoy especially needed for the inexperienced novice masters, because without laying make no alterations are unlikely to succeed. But this does not mean that poryadovkoy professionals do not enjoy even the virtuosos of the business do not neglect this important means of drawing.
Laying the fire with their own hands
The construction of the fireplace - a multi-stage process consisting of several stages, each of which requires the utmost attention and responsibility.
The foundation for the fireplace
If we talk about the right construction technologyfurnaces, is not superfluous to note that the basis for the fireplace should be carried out separately from the foundation of the main building. First prepared pit, whose dimensions are larger than the future of the fire on the 10 cm depth of the pit -.. 50-70 cm The bottom is covered with a layer of gravel, after construction formwork.
It is important! Remember, formwork height should be an average of 5 cm below the floor level.
The formwork stacked rubble stones, which are then filled with cement mortar 3: 1 (sand: cement). The foundation leveled, covered with plastic wrap and allowed to shrink for a week.
Structures Technology fireplace
On the need to lay the foundation waterproofingthe material layer 2. Then fit cap, and a number of ground bricks put on edge, while the rest - the flat. Brick before using soaked for a few minutes in water. This is necessary to achieve good contact with the solution.
This need to know! Driving masonry can be any, do not forget that the fireplace - the creation of individual building art.
If the clutch or understated turnedfound defective brick oven can be plastered, or use any other type of lining that will help hide errors without costly alterations.
Laying floors - an important step
The method of overlapping masonry is of great importanceto create a whole composition. Furnace overlap can be original decoration. You can lay out the bricks in neat vertical or horizontal rows, but you can create the effect of an arch. On the role of additional decorative elements fine job gems, wood, marble.
This need to know! The most expressive considered canted, and arched beam bridges that fit with the projection.
Canted jumpers made of bricks,stacked on edge and lined formwork. As a result, wedge-shaped joints, the thickness of which should reach 3 mm from the top - 25mm. Arched bridge and beam are placed on the casing corresponding to the shape given outline. The clutch jumpers need to finish the central brick being placed strictly in the middle and vertically, relative to the overall size of the oven.
Before you start laying it is important to carefully studyscheme, consider the decor. Adjustments made poryadovkoy make difficult, and often impossible, because change in position of even one brick leads to a change in all the series.
Properly drawn up a plan that fullyreflecting the stages of work, thoughtful decor, quality materials and your desire - it's all you need to create interesting fireplace, which will adorn the interior, carrying the warmth and comfort.