Installing underfloor heating in the bathroom
Underfloor heating in the bathroom - the comfort availableto each. What could be better than the feeling of heat that you experience when walking barefoot in the bathroom? In addition to the pleasant tactile sensation, a warm floor in the bathroom successfully eliminates excess moisture, preventing the occurrence of mold, mildew. Mounting of underfloor heating systems can be carried out throughout the living area, but the most popular device of such floors in the bathroom.
There are two different systems of underfloor heating -water and electric. The basis of each of them is the application of certain heat sources. Step by step guide describing each system installation process will help you to make a warm floor in the bathroom on their own, without the help of qualified professionals.
- Water "warm floor" in the bathroom
- Mounting of underfloor heating
- Water system "underground" heat
- floor unit with a heating cable
- Installation of floor-based termomatov
- Electric bathroom floor
Water "warm floor" in the bathroom
Let us discuss some distinctivewater features underfloor heating. It should be noted that the installation of floor heating in the bathroom is suitable for private or a country house. For tenants of apartments in high-rise buildings is problematic enough to connect this system to the central heating. Of course, this does not apply to the "elite housing", the draft of which often provides the device water floor heating.
Positive aspects of such a system of floor heating enough to solve the problem on its installation. The undeniable advantages include:
- Safety - floor heating elements safelyhidden from the public access, thus reducing the likelihood of damage. Due to the small number of joints is achieved by minimizing the risk of leakage;
- Economy - radiant floor heating can reduce energy costs by 15-45% while maintaining a comfortable temperature in the room;
- Environmentally friendly - the system is safe for human health. Water floors do not emit harmful radiation and does not create an electromagnetic field;
- Comfort - quality underfloor heating, which allows to feel pleasure when you exit out of the bath or shower. Temperature control allows you to ensure optimum comfort temperature surface.
The disadvantages are present in the water floor heating, include:
- The existence of a likelihood of leaks, which will be very difficult to find when it occurs;
- Obligatory presence water pump to maintain pressure as it falls in the water system;
- The complexity of the underfloor heating system installation.
It should be noted that radiant floor heating is positioned as a complex engineering system requiring accounting settings of your home in the drafting.
The choice of equipment for installation depends primarily on the existing features of the power supply.
Mounting of underfloor heating
Water system "underground" heat
Let us consider in detail especially the water floor heating installation, stopping at every stage.
The modern radiant floor heating in the bathroomIt is a structure of tubes, which are connected to a source of hot water. As a last favor hot water inflow pipe or heating risers. By circulating water through the pipes included in the floor structure, heating takes place of its upper layer. Then, heat, rising up from the heated surface, helps to maintain a comfortable temperature in the lower layer.
installation process begins with the devicepolypropylene risers hot water, provided that has not previously been made of their installation. Prerequisite is charting (project) the location of these pipes.
One of the things that determine the qualityworks and is competent waterproofing the floor, allowing to avoid the serious consequences in the event of a leak. Bands waterproofing material must be placed overlapping and joints to connect through a blowtorch, construction dryer. Good waterproofing - the result of a quality connection of joints.
Rough screed is filled with a mixture of expanded claycement. It should be noted that the level of the screed must be maintained at the level determined by the level of the finished floor minus 5-7 cm. Are allowed small and small bumps when filling surface. Within 2-3 days after application is necessary to wet the surface of screeds with water to prevent it cracking.
The next step is the installation of foil insulation. bands Joints glued using aluminum tape.
Next, go to the direct installationwater floor system. The polypropylene pipe bends according to the diagram and attach to the screed. It is important that the distance between adjacent portions of the tube did not exceed 15-20 cm. The curved design, which turned out as a result, must be connected to the risers by means of the regulating valve. To avoid trouble, immediately check the system for leaks. In the absence of problems we disconnect the water supply and give the floor to cool.
The second tie is filled with a mixture of same. Before it set the beacons to sustain level. At this stage, the surface flatness is an important point to which you want to draw your attention. After drying screed can start tiling.
floor unit with a heating cable
Installation of the system of electric warm floor cable consists of a number of important steps that require sequential execution.
Design. On the bathroom floor surface mustdeciding on a location to connect the cable, sensor and thermostat. Then we perform the transfer of the resulting circuit in the plan. When preparing the project start from the capacity of the system, observing the recommended spacing between the stripes material.
heat insulation. A layer of insulation is placed on the surface,which irregularities can be 7-8 mm. If the inspection found significant differences bases, the need to pre-fill the concrete screed. If there is no insulation reflective film should be further put aluminum foil.
Cabling. The heating cable is laid on bettermetal grid on which it is fixed. In addition to the locking function so special mesh wire will not allow immersion in mortar and provide the stiffness of the whole structure. Watch closely to avoid crossing cables or damage. The electric cable is connected to the thermal coupling by means of which must be immersed in a cement screed and at a short distance from the maximum thermostat. It is necessary to keep the distance between the nearest wall and the junction of at least 20 centimeters.
Installation of the thermoregulatory system. The regulator is mounted at a height of 0.8-1 m fromfloor. Corrugated sensor is placed in a cable and is placed between the rows. Through further pouring of cement covering, control that the tube and the sensor is above the screed.
Fill the floor surface. Work is nearing completion, soagain carefully check the integrity and damage all parts of the system of electric underfloor heating cable. Making sure that everything is in order, proceed to the filling. Grout should be distributed evenly and in the screed must be no voids. Next, we check the integrity of the entire system and give it to dry. First start the electric floor heating should be performed not earlier than 30 days after completion of the work, which will help to avoid cracks in the screed.
Installation of floor-based termomatov
The process of installation of electric underfloor heating based on termomatov not much different from the installation system using a heating cable. But the difference is still present.
flooring layers stacked in the following sequence:
- The rough floor (concrete);
- Tile adhesive;
At the first stage the laying on termomatovprepared subfloor pretreated with a primer. The base may even be an old floor tiles. In places where there will be stationary objects termomaty not fit.
Reinforcing mesh the heating mat carefully cut, avoiding damage to the cable, and then termomat fit into place. Between adjacent strips keep a distance of 5 cm.
Termomat using adhesive tape and MeltIt is fixed to the floor. Furthermore, commercially exist mats having adhesive base. Such a system requires no additional fixing. Termomaty first unrolled and cut on the surface and then remove the protective strip and glued.
The final stage of work is the connection of the sensor and temperature control, isolation of connection points and checking the functionality of the system.
Underfloor heating on the basis of termomatov easier to install and less expensive than its equivalent on the basis of the heating cable. This system is available for installation under any floor covering.
Electric bathroom floor
electric underfloor heating system is more popular. The constituent elements of its design are:
- The heating cable, whose purpose is the conversion of electrical energy into heat;
- The thermostat is equipped with a sensor, it has an important role in the operation of the electric floor heating. It is necessary to control the heating system;
- The corrugated tube;
- Heat-insulating material;
- Mounting Tape.
Electric floor heating in the bathroom is of two kinds:
- Warm floor cable - asthe heating element acts as a heating wire which is two-core and single-core. Each of these types of cable laid under the screed, having a thickness of 3-7 cm;
- Warm floors termomatov - issystem of separate parts of the heating wires of different lengths. Power supply is due to the presence of "assembling" all. Laying termomatov carried out directly on the screed, and then put a layer of tile adhesive. The use of heating mats has no effect on the height of the floor, as they are immersed in the tile adhesive.
Electric floor heating, arranged in a bathroomroom, will give you a comfortable temperature regardless of the time of year and on the operation of the central heating. Special controls allow you to set acceptable temperature and change it as needed. More often than not the bathroom is large, and after installation it is still declining (eg, under the sink or shower floor heating device is not required). Therefore, assembling of the electric floor heating is even and cost-effective.
In conclusion, it should be noted that the warm floorin the bathroom - this is your comfort and convenience. Modern technologies allow to choose the most suitable system for performance and price category. Treat yourself to the joy and feeling of warmth, touch your bare feet. Let your dream become a reality!