In the modern suburban home again confidentlyback fireplaces, Russian and Dutch oven, over the centuries adorned the homes of inhabitants, palaces of the nobility, and warms them alive with warmth. The furnace in the house has long served as a symbol of home and well-being kind, built it in the century, decorated tiles, and this tradition is still alive. Ceramic tiles for stoves and fireplaces in addition to decorative function solves several practical problems: thanks to the absence of cracks increases heat the stove, through the ceramic lining of the furnace firebox into the room almost do not penetrate the toxic products of combustion and clean smooth tile Dust is much easier than rough plaster. The only thing it should be noted that whether decoration fireplace oven just like heat-resistant wall tiles for stoves, and as a binder - a solution on the basis of clay, whose strength under high temperature exposure over time only increases.
- Types of tiles for stoves
- Durable colorful terracotta
- The luxury and beauty of majolica
- Heat-resistant clinker tiles
- Porcelain tiles - an innovative cladding
- Tiles - a unique design
- As oblitsevat tiled stove
- Facing a metal grid
- The use of aluminum parts
- Facing tiles furnace
- Pretreatment tiles
- The procedure for laying tile stove
Types of tiles for stoves
Considering that the stove or fireplace - are objects that are heated to very high temperatures, materials for their decoration must meet the following operational characteristics:
- high temperature resistance;
- high resistance to mechanical stress;
- thickness of at least 6.8 mm;
- low porosity structure.
Fully comply with the listed propertiesOnly a few kinds of traditional and modern building ceramics - terracotta, majolica, clinker tiles for stoves, tiles and granite, differing design and method of installation. Depending on the destination premises, to finish one or another tile stoves can be selected: when finishing the stove for a bath in the first place important thermal performance tiles, the fireplace or stove in the living room still need to comply with and interior style. Consider all the options for the ceramic lining of furnaces.
Durable colorful terracotta
This is one of the oldest types of pottery,Uncoated products representing a nanoporous structure with a certain kind of clay which is pressed first, and then calcined. Terracotta was widely used in the architecture of ancient Greece, Rome, Asia and Russia for the manufacture of tiles, decorative elements, tiles and tiles for lining furnaces and hearths. Characteristic differences of material - high strength and is bright red-brown, terracotta color.
The luxury and beauty of majolica
In fact, it is an advanced,glazed, terracotta. The name she gave the Spanish island of Maori, where merchants brought painted tin-lead glaze tiles, tableware and decorative items. Later, the art of painting from the Mediterranean pottery came to Europe and Russia.
Products in the art of majolica hand painted talented artists, and the furnace lining tiles of this kind was considered a luxury available only very wealthy homeowners.
Heat-resistant clinker tiles
This kind of building ceramics wascreated as an alternative to more technical facing bricks, traditionally used for finishing stoves and fireplaces in the Netherlands, Germany and other countries of Northern Europe. Clinker made from a mixture of several kinds of clay, which was added chamotte and mineral dyes, pressed, and then fired at high temperatures. The result is a durable heat-resistant lining material with low porosity structure of 9-12 mm thick, featuring a wide range of shades from natural clay white and beige to bright terracotta and chocolate brown.
Porcelain tiles - an innovative cladding
The most modern form of finishing ceramics,created in Italy in the mid 80-ies of the last century. It is produced by pressing at high pressure and temperature, a mixture of several clays, quartz sand, with the addition of tiny fraction of granite and marble chips of various salts and metal oxides as colorants. Due to the monolithic structure of the nonporous, resistant to low and very high temperatures, as well as the wide range of colors, textures and textures of this type of building ceramics are widely used in the decoration of interiors and exteriors of buildings. Specifically, the furnace lining tiles of granite not only not inferior to traditional kinds of tiles in the thermal characteristics, but because of various designs, can successfully simulate the majolica, terracotta, clinker, granite, marble and other natural materials.
Tiles - a unique design
This is a unique piece of ceramic finishing material, decorated with glazed pattern, originally created for lining furnaces and has been used in this role in ancient Babylon.
Tiles, as well as other traditionalveneering ceramics, made from certain varieties of clay, followed by firing, but they differ in the form of a duct, through which substantially increases its heat-saving characteristics, and transferred the heat from the stove tiles is considered the most environmentally friendly.
As oblitsevat tiled stove
Choosing ceramic tiles for fireplacesor oven, be sure to pay attention to whether there is with its seamy side special notches, provides better adherence with the binder solution. Some manufacturers also produce intended for finishing tile stoves with keyhole tongue and groove system that allows it to stack without visible seams at the joints.
Facing a metal grid
Before oblitsevat tiled stove,is necessary to prepare the surface and masonry joints. On the surface of the stove is removed, if necessary, old paint and clean it from dust and dirt with a wire brush and masonry joints embroider a depth of about 10 mm.
For the future strength of masonry oven adhesive qualitiesmetal wire net with a mesh size of not more than 150x150 mm. The mesh is attached to the masonry nails 100 mm, evenly hammering them into the joints between the bricks or with self-tapping screws, pre-drilled for them in brick hole d = 4-5 mm.
Then, a wire mesh fitted by brickmasonry stove applied solution layer of cement of not less M400, sand and clay prepared in a ratio of 1 part cement 0.2 parts sand and three parts of clay. Clay Grade critical in this case does not.
When a layer of cement and clay plastercompletely dry up, you can start laying the tiles. Laying the first row of tiles start from the bottom, regularly checking the horizontal using a spirit level or comparing it with the pre-applied with a horizontal cable layout. Cement-clay solution prepared in the same ratio as for the plaster is applied directly to the underside of the tiles, spread evenly with a notched trowel, pressed against the surface of the tile hands pristukivaya lightly with a rubber hammer.
First, lay out all the whole tiles in each rowand only at the end of cut glass cutter or with the help of machines for cutting tiles. To ensure the same width over the entire surface of seams between tiles crosses restrictive set - two horizontal and vertical sides of each tile. Thus seams about half filled with a solution for decorative effect. To tile a plane tiled surface was perfect, the location of each newly laid tile check the wooden rail.
After completion of stacking ceramicsurface dry with a clean cloth remove streaks and dirt from the binder solution. After 3 days, perform grouting, a day later the stove is already possible to use.
The use of aluminum parts
As reinforcement provides strengthlaying tile can use special aluminum strips with holes instead of the wire mesh. Aluminum reinforcing strips before impose a furnace tile, set at the construction stage or in the pre-embroidered to a depth of about 10 mm vertical masonry joints. Next to these bands bolted corners - T-bar made of aluminum, and between them are placed on a cement-clay mortar ceramic tile in the same sequence as in the wall on the grid.
The binder solution is applied to the back sidetiles and using hand pressure and corrective taps with a rubber hammer achieve a snug fit to the tile masonry. Horizontal stacking with this method is governed by the corners and the vertical should be constantly checked by a rail.
Facing tiles furnace
Facing tiles furnaces have long equatedthe arts, and owning their masters enjoyed special respect. Compared with a conventional oven, tiled stove tiles are not only very beautiful, but also its heat output is much higher: each square meter of tile stove gives to a space on 0.25-0.3 kW more heat than any other heater.
The main feature of the process of laying a tilefurnace is that initially set the tiles, and then attach them to the body of the furnace bricks. Tiles can be flat, cornice, corner, but they are a ceramic box with elegant glazed outer surface and open the mounting box from the inside - Rump.
Unlike other tiles and finishingtiles furnace is performed simultaneously with its masonry, in several stages, it is very time-consuming and this work should be trusted only to professionals in possession of all the techniques of ancient art.
Since the tiles are non-standard stickproducts, before starting work they must sort the shade, laying in the tile glaze marriage or cracks. Darker tiles spread the lower ranks, and rejected, but useful, can be placed in inconspicuous places.
Then tiled tiles customize the size,pull up and polishing skirting the edge. Usually treated with a first reference sample, under which the then remaining customized size. Carefully, using cut steel strip acute trailing edge, and then - the glazed front. Be particularly careful to grind the edge of the horizontal: when laying the glaze of two adjacent tiles must not touch. Immediately prior to laying tiles are soaked in water for better grip with the binder with clay mortar.
The procedure for laying tile stove
Laying tile stove begins with laying the firstnumber of tiles, which then attach the brick kiln shell. Initially, it is recommended to lay dry wall without mortar from the tiles, check their position vertically and horizontally, to disassemble and, leaving the first row, starting with stacking corners on the binder solution.
Each subsequent series of articles placed in the following order.
Rump tile half filled with clay mortar and tightly pressed against river pebbles in it. On top of a layer of filler flush with the masonry mortar boards and tiles are pressed against the bricks.
When height of brickwork will reachtiled row, tiles tightening the wire by passing it through the bends crutches fixing. Crutches should then precipitate, and the ends of the wire to bring in the brickwork. Vertical rows of Rump tiles fasten steel staples, making sure they snap into place until it stops.
The thickness of the seam between two horizontal rows of tiles should be not less than 3 mm: shrinkage brick tile "mail" will settle at the same time with him.
After completing the installation of tiles and brickwork,all seams carefully cleaned with an awl, washed from the remnants of a tiled surface and dried solution. Then the seams applied gypsum paste, and after 10 minutes remove his excess with a clean dry cloth.
After completion of masonry and facing tiled stove must be dried for approximately 2-3 weeks, and only then it is possible to light a fire.
Whatever kind of veneering ceramics you have chosen, the oven trim tiles make your home warm, beauty, comfort, and it will create an atmosphere in the inviolability of the home.