All about Ceiling Light
Ceiling lighting magically transforms any room. Properly selected and expertly mounted luminaires ceiling lighting in the apartment They provide comfort and help save the family budget. In today's wealth of chandeliers consumers are not always able to orient yourself. Choose the most successful lighting fixtures for ceiling, this article will help.
- Cable selection for lighting systems
- Standard block diagram
- Terms of installation switches
- The choice of lighting devices
- Luminaire: Technology
- Rules lighting arrangement
Cable selection for lighting systems
Installation of lighting in the apartment begins with drawingsand calculations to determine the location position lighting points, lights and switches. Once the ceiling is made up of the lighting should be attempting to install wiring for the lights.
A typical cross-section of the cable size is 1.5millimeters square, constituting a maximum load of 4 kilowatts. Of course, it is unlikely in the house lighting will reach this option, because in this situation it is necessary to use both light bulbs 40 100 watts. However, renounce never stands may be set for Jupiters professional home movies.
When you do not want the wire to give extrafunds can be calculated, the cross section of the cable need in each case. If the lighting area consists of three lamps with bulbs at 60 watts, then the total power of lamps reaches 180 watts. It must be divided by 220. Now consider what we can tell the result.
If the number has turned out less than 10, then to thelamps from the box, you can put the cable with a cross section of 0.75 square millimeters. If less than 15 - section should have a size of 1 millimeter square, and more than 17 - to 2.5 square millimeters. In this case, it left 0,8 - means less than unity. Use solid or stranded cable - a private matter of each person.
Standard block diagram
On the ceiling light is better to put someboxes, that there is less confusion and looked neater. The flat cable entry takes place under the floor, and the house appears next to the door. The cable from it to pass guard. Near the guard will be the first box, the task of which is to broadcast current boxes and other distribution unit to illuminate the hallway and kitchen.
The second box is located at the entrance to a largethe room in the corridor, which runs from the chandelier in the room and bathrooms are translated into voltage. The third box is needed to serve a bathroom, a closet and a small corridor, as well as to translate the voltage to the remaining rooms. The child is the fourth box, switch services, and supplies power to the bedroom. The box in the bedroom is only required for servicing the switch and chandeliers. The remaining toilet and bathroom are powered by six boxes.
Terms of installation switches
The switches of any type are always placed on thephase conductor. To switch fits only one cable which is opened and closed within the breaker. It may seem that the two wires. However, the phase conductor forms a loop that is raised or lowered to the switch. The loop cut at the top, and the ends are connected to a dimmer or switch contacts.
If you set the dimmer as switchyou should look at its capacity. If the device designation is made 300 W, it is calculated on a chandelier that consists of five light bulbs, each 60 watts. There dimmers with a capacity of 1000 watts for home use. With this lighting dimmer level can be changed in several rooms. Dimmer is set in the same way as a simple switch, only dimmer contacts there is an inscription which wire to any terminal connected.
The choice of lighting devices
Each luminaire consists of a light bulbelectrical fittings and nature that is needed for the conclusion of the bulb, its connection and lighting. What kind of coverage do stretch ceilings - photo collection of lamps will help you understand this!
Fixtures, fittings which are secureddirectly to the ceiling, called the ceiling. Such devices are used to create the overall design of ceiling lighting in the room. Ceiling lights are hanging, near-surface and built.
Pendant lights are placed at a certaindistance from the ceiling. They are best suited for high rooms. These include suspensions, mnogolampovye chandeliers, lamp shades and other devices. Near-surface light sources are fixed directly to the ceiling. They rank different kinds of ceiling diffusers that differ compact size. They are especially good for small spaces like a hallway or bathroom.
Lighting suspended ceilings and stretch fabricstraditionally performed using the built-in lamps. They can be installed in any place in the room to create the most spectacular lighting in homes.
Also growing in popularity spots - metalstructures with halogen lamps, can be rotated to the side. Spot features easy mounting and for guiding the light flux on their own.
Popularity acquire spotlights,which can be installed in the eaves, stretch ceilings and indoor furniture. The majority of ceiling lighting point is used for focusing on the local surface coverage. In our time, to single out one type of lamp that would be considered more popular than others, because they all have their advantages, which make them attractive for citizens.
After the installation of lighting made falseceiling, and switches and dimmers are installed, it is possible to surface mount fixtures. For mounting spotlights need in plasterboard cut a round hole using bits with varying diameter fabric, then simply inserted into the lamp. This spring it is necessary to hold the presser foot with your fingers, pressing them to the body.
When light enters in to a sufficient depthpainting, paw prizhmut lamp in place. Pre-need to attach the cable to the contacts. The most commonly used in everyday life spotlights labeled R80, R63, R50 and R39. Numbers indicate the size of lights corresponding to the diameter of the holes in millimeters.
His home can be changed beyond recognition whenhelp shift in focus in the space. An effective solution is considered to be the ceiling of plasterboard lighting with LED backlight, which is different effect of "mute" to adjust the brightness depending on the mood of the residents and the time of day. If LED tape you need to cut it is necessary to remember that the cutperformed in specially designated areas. If performed correctly, then back to weld tape is quite difficult. To achieve a uniform ceiling light, you need a good fix LED strip on the ceiling.
Regular chandelier is attached in two ways: hung on a hook and fasten with screws or dowels, nails. The plate, which is disposed within a decorative bowl that covers the connection point there are openings. If the fixture is placed on the hook, you should use the special plugs that instead of the usual screws have a hook. When you need to install a massive chandelier, then use a metal anchor that has a diameter of 8-10 mm close and holds up to 80 kg.
Rules lighting arrangement
Lighting apartment is local, general andcombined. Combining different types of fixtures, you can create a zone with a mild or intense uniform illumination. To verify this, type in the search engine 'ceilings lighting "and analyze the proposed options.
In the children's bedrooms, and is recommended to installlamps with the flow of light directed upwards to create soft lighting throughout the room. In general lighting should be uniformly illuminate the entire room with the help of the most powerful and energy-consuming lighting fixtures that are suspended in the center of the ceiling. In general lampshades light can use a lamp with a large capacity - up to 200 watts or more, which have a total capacity of up to 300 watts. As a rule, mnogolampovye lamps have two categories of lamps included autonomously.
Lighting ceiling in the kitchen requires the establishmentseveral groups, depending on how you executed the ceiling design. Usually this area is on the table, above the work surface and the lighting center of the kitchen. lighting devices also decided to incorporate in the cabinet furniture.
Hallway or corridor typically have a small area, so the lighting here should not cut your eyes and be overly bright, but also it is not necessary to create shade. Use the best LED ceiling lighting and mounted in wall fixtures. If a decision on the use of the lamp in a single copy, it should be well to emit light.
In the living room to create a local and general lightingto make changes to the interior with light regime. For the reception area used general lighting using chandeliers, ceiling and pendant fixtures. Since the living room is known as a multi-purpose room, its functional areas require local light using the spots.
Thus, not so long ago it was thought thatCeiling lighting can be achieved only by means of chandeliers and wall light. However, thanks to new technologies, there are other solutions. In the future it will be possible that the scattered light is almost completely replace lamps and ceiling diffusers.