All about lighting apartments
Light is able to drastically transform oneand the same space, creating in him the mood from romantic soft twilight ladies' boudoir to a sharp as a surgeon's scalpel, operating blinding light. This phenomenon is widely used in the theater world by artists who are using light to alter the atmosphere of the scene, not a change of scenery. Apartment well lighting can turn it into a fairy-tale palace, and ruthlessly expose the failure of its shortcomings. So, as in the story Zoshchenko communal residents at just held electric light found wretchedness of his monastery, which is always concealed the dark corners. Gone are the days when the choice of light source becomes lonely chandelier on the ceiling and a floor lamp came to an end in a chair and reading lamp on the desk, today each with light can turn the apartment into a wonderful theater of light and shadow. And if you intend to set up lighting the apartment with his hands, get to know the secrets of design in this area, creating miracles.
- Light: pragmatism and magic
- The rules and secrets of lighting design
- Development of flat lighting project
- Regulatory power and number of lamps
- Driving flat lighting
Light: pragmatism and magic
For lighting in modern interiors of premises, the following lighting fixtures:
- incandescent lamps;
- fluorescent lamps;
- halogen and metal halide light sources;
- light cords "Rope";
- optical fiber.
The spectrum of incandescent lamps most comfortable forview, but they are only about 10% of its power consumption at creating light, and the rest is converted into heat energy. Therefore, in the room with too many incandescent light bulbs will always be hot and stuffy as the photo studio or television studio.
Fluorescent lights do not heat up, butrecently, they reluctantly used for lighting of housing due to the uncomfortable bluish-white light, an unpleasant hum and the need for additional start-up devices to connect. The current generation of energy-saving fluorescent lamps free of these disadvantages and they may be used in place of incandescent lamps.
Halogen and metal halide lampsemit a fairly narrow directional beam of light, and therefore more suitable for the lighting of individual zones or highlight key elements of the interior - paintings, sculpture groups, columns, niches, etc.
LEDs are durable, do not heat up, their verya wide range is not harmful to human health infrared and ultraviolet radiation. The durability of LEDs is 80 times longer than that of incandescent lamps. But the light output of LEDs is not so great as to use them as independent light sources and therefore in the interior they are used more often for decorative lighting or as a night light. Light cords "Rope" - a miniature light sources based on LEDs are widely used for the lighting design of the interior elements, or in the outdoor street lighting.
Optical fibers emit light only at the ends,but removing them at large distances from the primary light source and using a special nozzle, you can create magic fantastic lighting effects.
The rules and secrets of lighting design
Architects and designers have long used in the interior lighting of a flat or house as an effective tool for the visual correction of a failed space geometry.
One of the main design rules isthat bright light visually expands the space to the walls and ceilings used reflective materials. If you want to visually reduce too much room, the surface of the shade.
Lamps with directional up reflectorsvisually "lift" is too low ceilings. Too high ceilings seem lower if it obscure by means down towards shades of light sources.
Competent lighting design apartments necessarilymust orchestrate a source of general lighting, for example, the main chandelier on the ceiling, and lamps of local illumination point. It is very important that the lighting control in an apartment in this case, provides independent operation of each species or group of fixtures.
Total room lighting can be a littlemuted, because his goal is to provide free orientation in the room and easy communication inhabitants. The role of local brighter light - it lighting jobs, which include a secretary desk, work area in the kitchen, and a dining table in the dining room or living room.
Rules lighting organization also recommendilluminate the wall behind the TV or computer monitor for space: the reception without breaking the screen illumination, reduces tension and eye fatigue.
The bedroom is better to make the total light scattered,slightly lowering the height of the ceiling and the mirror and bedside cabinets provide brighter lights or lamps. If the interior of a large house listed rules for the use of light are advisory in nature, studio lighting is often the only tool zoning is not too much space, which simultaneously serves as the living room, office, bedroom and even dining.
The bathroom is usually extra lightsilluminated vanity mirror, and ambient lighting is the role of point halogen lamps. But the corridor lighting in the apartment so you need to plan a way that has always been the ability to turn bright ambient light, when it is necessary to get dressed, put on shoes, correct makeup.
In addition to the utilitarian role of the hall still servespresentable business card function to an apartment and not a narrow corridor resembled a dungeon of a medieval castle, using light, it is possible to visually expand and increase. Finally, corridor lighting should harmonize with adjacent spaces lighting: if the living room is brightly lit, even in the hallway includes a bright overhead light and muffle it, if in the next room dim. All these problems are solved by local fixtures.
Universal recipes work with the light there,everyone chooses the design concept and lighting their homes, but to avoid errors would not want to look through illustrated magazines and see how professionals create lighting in the apartment: photos, sketches, illustrations of the projects.
Development of flat lighting project
The project design of the interior lighting projectapartments are usually carried out in a separate section, taking into account the layout of rooms, ceiling configuration, borders of floor and ceiling finishing materials, furniture and location of stationary elements.
On the basis of the ceiling and floor plansdevelop a plan of lighting the apartment, noting it types and lighting locations, outlets and switches as ceiling and wall - the so-called lighting scenarios.
Regulatory power and number of lamps
One of the main conditions for comfortable lightingthe dwelling is correct power ratio, the number of lights and the illuminated areas. in the field of lighting specialists recommend the use of 5 per sq.m. lighting fixtures with a total capacity of 60-75 kW.
Thus, you can manually calculate the optimal amount of lighting to illuminate every room of his apartment or use the following guidelines:
- for a one-room apartment of 30-40 square meters require no more than eight fixtures, for example, three ceiling lamp, chandelier, two sconces, floor lamp, table lamp;
- one-bedroom apartment for the best set of nine fixtures can be represented by the following instruments: two chandeliers, three ceiling lights, floor lamp, table lamp and two lamps;
- for a two-bedroom apartment will require eleven fixtures - to the set of devices for one-bedroom apartment can add a chandelier and sconces;
- for a three-bedroom apartment needed eleven fixtures: previous set can be supplemented with a ceiling lamp and another lamp.
Driving flat lighting
In accordance with the plan developed detailed lighting scheme apartments, taking into account the wiring diagrams of each instrument, their groups, as well as lighting control devices.
In the drawing, take into account the views of each switch withindication of the number keys and the arrows point to a lighting device or group of devices he designed. For very large rooms or long corridors can provide redundant switches for the same device, setting them at different points in the room. All wall and ceiling lighting fixtures on the scheme should be tied appropriate designations to the wall or the nearest doorway, the door or the window.
Similarly, with reference to the closest walls or openings placed on the circuit sockets placement of switches and other devices involved in the lighting system.
With ready design in hand, you are ready toWiring and lighting and implement, finally, the material result of this painstaking work of the designer. But the reward is your apartment Cinderella into a beautiful princess and sparkle with new life around fantastic colors.