The assortment of perennial flowers for decoration of flower beds
Practical gardeners who do not want to mess around eachseason with planting seeds and seedlings sparring, the main focus in the beds do on perennials. These plants require attention only to the first year, until take root. Then, when they enter into full force and effect, beginning to blossom abundantly and rejoice with decorative leaves. Some nasevayutsya themselves, but so intense that seedlings will have to share with the neighbors on the site. Consider how to choose perennial flowers for decoration of flower beds, combined with what and where to plant.
- The main groups of perennials
- Unpretentious flowers for flower beds: study of the original plant foliage
- Most interesting perennials: select plants with large inflorescences
- Low-growing flower garden: perennial plants with a long flowering period
The main groups of perennials
The plants that can live in one place for a long time, very much, so growers be divided them into several groups:
- The peculiarities of the root system: tuberous, bulbous and rhizomatous.
- As decoration: with beautiful leaves, with large flowers, blooming all summer.
- The peculiarities of care: requiring digging or shelter for the winter and do not require.
For flowerbeds pick up not only the perennial flowers,blooming all summer, but also the background to complement him - plants in which very spectacular aerial part (leaves, stems, etc.). Against the background of thick green vegetation lush blossoms look even brighter and more spectacular.
Unpretentious flowers for flower beds: study of the original plant foliage
Making beds is better to start with the mostundemanding plants that are good not only flowering as increased decorative bushes. They remain to winter wonderful view, will not come until the first frost. About such plants still say "put and forget" because they require minimal care. Simply place the roots in a healthy soil, to provide the desired level of moisture - and your site by next spring will shine showy patches of green vegetation. Most perennial garden flowers: photos and features of care:
Perfect for partial shade. Massive juicy leaves create a beautiful outlet semicircular shape in the center of which is fired by June tall flower stalks with small flowers. Host value for a variety of textures of leaves. Not only that, created more than 70 varieties of different color (from dark green to yellow, with white trim and the bluish veins, etc.), so still and the surface of the sheet is matte, glossy, pupyrchatoy, with relief stripes, etc. . Monotsvetnik from one host - an excellent show!
You can call "friends" the host, because toolike partial shade. It is true that their root system is weaker than that of the host, and requires frequent moisture recharge. Only in this case, the plant will provide a lush bush with small patterned leaves and paniculate inflorescence unusual delight from July to August.
The name of the plant can be heard all the same Astilbe,but in reality it is quite different perennial. He rounded, with a patterned edge of the leaves that cover the rosette, like a bunch of umbrellas. Planting is always in the center of the flower beds, because the plant height increases annually. Up to 3 years - held in the metro area, but closer to ten leaves grow inordinately tall above 1.5 meters. To grow such a beauty, buy seeds of perennial flower shrub or divided into several parts, cutting the rhizome. Like many plants with large leaves, astilboides prefers partial shade and moist place.
A characteristic feature of these plants isa clear, compact form of the bush. All leaves out almost one point and form a nice ball that looks powerful at the expense of fleshy stems and leaves. By the fall of each stem is covered at the end of pinkish buds, without losing the decorative foliage. Stonecrop not "friends" with the previous plants, because he loves the sun. In the shadow of its stems can lodge. But to soil absolutely not picky and grows well on sandy ground.
Secrete powerful leathery leaves thatcloser to autumn acquire a bronze or reddish tint. Blooming in May, about 4 weeks, but may not release the stems, if planted in a shady spot. But there saxifrage escalate beautiful green mass even on poor soil. For the original form of leaves he was given the nickname "elephant ears". Under natural conditions, the lower leaves of Bergenia gradually behind the outlet, carpeting the ground carpet, protecting the soil from drying out. On a bed dry leaves will look not very aesthetically pleasing, so they are removed, but the land mulch.
Most interesting perennials: select plants with large inflorescences
When the green background is created, you need to make brightcolor spots. To do this, fit tall varieties of perennial flowers, stand out large inflorescences. They can be planted as soloists, breaking the monotony of lawn, or be in the middle-tier beds. If you examine a selection of photos of flowers of many years in the network, it is possible to identify four of the most popular plants. The first place - the rose. Compete with a rose in its beauty can not be no plant, no wonder these perennial flowers in the photo appear more often than others. When it's flowering season, like a bush poured colorful, large and fragrant buds, visible from afar. Depending on the variety, roses can bloom once, twice during the season and throughout the summer. The simplest of care considered climbing varieties. They are able to build up the whip for the season up to 3 meters and please gorgeous blooms. However, only a month and a half. But most of winter varieties tolerate without shelter. If you want a rose that will bloom again in the fall, you should keep an eye on hybrid tea variety. A suit for permanent flowering floribunda, which grow up to a meter, but let the flowers are not all at once, but gradually.
Second place - eland. These flowers are conventionally divided into two types: large high leaves, but smaller peduncles and vice versa. It all depends on the variety. Cannes The advantage is that all of them until the fall, you can forget. None of the weed is not able to break through the dense veil of leathery leaves, and they grow inordinately tall and 2 meters. Low-growing varieties are distinguished luxury large inflorescences in red, orange, yellow. It is for these people sent in early spring in the nursery of perennial flowers. Canna begins to bloom in early summer, and does not stop until frost. The only negative - in need of digging in the winter, otherwise vymerznet.
Third place - chrysanthemum. These perennial flowers unpretentious running the show in the fall, because the bloom is at this time. But in the spring of their aerial part with fluffy leaves very decorative, so it can serve as a backdrop for the early-flowering bulbs. Chrysanthemums grow in any soil, but can respond to illumination variations weak blooms. They are not recommended to be planted near the night lights, so as not to knock the life cycle. These perennial flowers from seed to grow for a long time, so the hostess trying to buy ready-made bush and gradually divide it into parts.
Fourth place - irises. If you look at the catalog of perennial flowers, the iris it will take no less than 3 pages. Created by a huge number of luxury varieties that are not afraid of drought or frost, the winter without shelter. Most irises have a height of 50-70 cm, although the flower stalks grow inordinately tall over a meter. The leaves are narrow, long, located near the circle rosette. Permission is granted as an autumn planting of perennial flowers, and early spring. This flower is a couple of years has become so powerful bush, which requires division, otherwise it may worsen bloom.
Low-growing flower garden: perennial plants with a long flowering period
To frame the edges tracks, creating a livingborder use low-growing perennial flowers. They cover the ground a carpet strewn with a scattering of small flowers, and fill the lower tiers beds. If you need to fill in the cracks between the stones in the alpine hill, then pay attention to the chickweed. It creates so tight cap that kills all weeds. However, the first year will have to suffer with the sowing of seeds, because the seedlings of perennial flowers of this variety is found on sale very seldom. Yaskolka seeded at about the same time as petunias and keep on the windowsill until June, when the threat of frost has passed. The following summer in late May your slide covered with incredibly beautiful and thick flowers that will bloom for about a month.
For lower-tier approach and long-termbulbous flowers, because most of them have a height of not more than 40 cm is more profitable, of course, use varieties that do not require digging in the winter -. daffodils, ornithogalum, anemones, tulips, lilies. Some gardeners planted in perennial flower beds in summer potted plants - geranium and begonia. But it requires the correct selection of the place and light, because after the hothouse conditions apartment plants to be acclimatization period.