Soil Care - a laborious process thatIt allows to obtain high yields of crops and thus improve land fertility. It includes a number of measures: preparatory work, digging or hoeing (depending on the type of soil and preferences gardener or horticulturist), fertilizer and watering, without which the rare plant can do in the dry summer months. There are many tools and methods of care for the soil, allowing to achieve the best results by doing the work as efficient as possible.
- Site preparation and the process of digging the soil
- Loosening as an alternative to digging
- The process of loosening and irrigation options
- Types of fertilizers and the use of mulching
Site preparation and the process of digging the soil
The soil is a complex natural body consistingmineral, organic components, various gases, liquids, and living organisms. A person with the necessary knowledge, can grow all sorts of crops so that the land quality is not deteriorated with time.
Caring for the soil to begin trainingsection, which consists in cleaning debris, stones, uprooting old trees, stumps and shrubs, removal of large weeds, as well as leveling the site allocated for gardens, flower beds or vegetable garden. The next stage - the soil digging.
Dig is necessary, especially if the siteIt consists of heavy clay soils, which are periodically compacted, in places where it is planned to break a new flower bed or a bed, as well as at the sites, heavily overgrown with weeds. Sam digging process is removing the bayonet spade on a volume of the earth, which is inverted and placed in the previous hole. It is important to remove the roots of weeds and stones.
It is best to carry out digging or plowingfall, leaving a portion of the large lumps of earth that will be destroyed by wind and natural precipitation until the spring. The greatest benefit it will bring heavy loamy and clayey soils. If the earth has had time to freeze slightly, then it should not be touched, as a result of the soil may thicken, and its structure is broken.
Loosening as an alternative to digging
Some owners of gardens andgardens refuse digging site, because they believe that this leads to disruption of physical and chemical composition, deterioration of soil structure, the destruction of the channels formed by underground organisms. These moves absorb moisture and oxygen in the soil depth, and spring awakening for the residents of the soil will take longer.
It is also believed that the mixing of the uppernutritious and lower poorer land reduces overall fertility. Therefore, only minimal processing cost: on the soil surface layer is formed from peat, compost or manure. Seeds are sown in the culture medium. Soil from the top it is advisable to cover with mulch.
This method can be efficientto use for the plants root system are not growing deeper into the soil. In other cases, land without a thorough turning not do. If the soil is very clayey and friable enough, it can dig every 3 years, and in the rest of the time will be sufficient to loosen the soil and fertilize. It is important to bear in mind that this event will bring maximum benefits if it is carried out in advance before planting seedlings and planting seeds, whereas earthworms will learn a new layer of the earth.
The process of loosening and irrigation options
Soil Care includes land tillage. This event makes the soil surface is more structured, and improves fluid penetration depth and reduces moisture loss. During the loosening of the earth simultaneously removes all germinated weeds. Loose soil is much easier compared to the digging. For this process, you can use a pitchfork, sticking them into the interior of the earth every 10 cm and swaying them from side to side. Then use the cultivator, motyzhku with rounded teeth or powerful Gruber. The result is a very loose layer of soil suitable for planting the plants.
Further care for the soil is actually reduced totimely fertilization, fertilizing and watering. Moisture is extremely necessary in the dry summer months and into the ground in many ways. Watering can be drip, subsurface, surface and sprinkler irrigation. It is advisable once during the development of the site to lay the irrigation network. Selection of a particular method of watering depends on the equipment available, the climatic conditions of the terrain.
When a liquid droplet irrigation system supplieddirectly to the zone of the root system. Subsurface irrigation is carried out on pipes with holes, which are laid in the ground. For surface water supply arrange open channels for water sprinklers make the pipeline closed, where the sprinklers are installed.
Types of fertilizers and the use of mulching
Fertilizers advisable to make after the falldigging. There are organic, mineral agents. Besides improved soil quality can be determined by planting plants (rape, turnip, mustard, rapeseed, etc.), known orgomineralnyh fertilizers. Organic agents may be of animal or vegetable origin. The former include bird droppings and manure, and to the second - peat and compost.
With fertilizers need to beextremely careful to follow the instructions. The most common use of potassium, nitrogen, lime, manganese and other drugs. As required, the grown crops fed a diluted organic and mineral fertilizers.
To support the health of plants, and to improveSoil quality can be using mulching. In summer, it helps control weeds, prevents drying of the land. Autumn mulch to protect the soil well, especially those that do not dig for the winter. First, you can prikopat compost and cover it with a layer of leaves, sawdust.
Important to remember. Dense materials for mulching may attract mice. The benefit of this event is that the soil in the winter freeze and there will be less clogged, and there before the spring wake up underground organisms. For those areas where the usual lot of slugs, mulching is better not to produce.
Caring for the soil is not easy, but it givespositive effect. With proper conduct of these activities can be complex to improve soil condition, its structure, increase the number of substances essential for the growth of plants.