How to install wooden and metal pergola
pergola can make your own hands welldecorate the garden. With its help equip cozy seating areas, hide the shortcomings of the site. Make these structures made of different materials, the choice of which is caused by the general style of the garden. The most popular are wooden, metal and composite pergolas, which are used for climbing plants.
- The use of pergolas and garden design
- The process of installing wooden pergolas traditional construction
- Other types of wooden pergolas
- Metal structures pergolas and plant selection braiding
The use of pergolas and garden design
It has long been used for garden decorationbeautiful plants, herbs, ornamental shrubs and trees. Effectively all this natural splendor look various pavilions, bridges, trellis, garden furniture and, of course, pergolas. They represent the structure on which the trailing plants such as vines, hops, climbing roses, hydrangeas and other creeping.
Pregola have their functionality -they need to create a cozy corner. Within such a structure can be placed garden furniture, but more often they are used for framing the beautiful tracks. Besides pergolas are good, if necessary visually conceal some drawbacks of land or buildings.
The most widely used wood,forged, plastic construction. Are one type of construction material and mixed, such as with a metal frame and the wooden battens on. As a rule, for the garden pergolas are more connected with the arches, pillars, or the pair of frames. The top structure may be flat or rounded.
Given an order to build with their own handswooden pergolas, it must be remembered that such a design, taking into account the availability of the plant to withstand strong gusts of wind. In metal, wood, stone, brick or concrete pillars are used as a support, while it is advisable to plug them into the foundation cups.
The process of installing wooden pergolas traditional construction
Wooden pergolas can be divided intoseveral popular types: traditional, oriental, rustic, trim. To create a traditional design needed pine or larch beams with a minimum cross-section 10x10 cm. Answering the question of how to make a pergola with their own hands, we note that the work should begin with the installation of supports. To do this, dig the pit, the bottom of which is filled with a layer of stones or broken bricks (drainage). The lower part of the wooden poles need to smear tar or bitumen. Such measures will pergola to function for a long time and protect it from rot.
Next, a post and is fixedtemporary props. The pit is filled with concrete mortar. Be sure to check the verticality of the level of installation. The solution was tamped, giving top conical shape. This is to ensure that rainwater does not accumulate at the base. Further work should transgress after 8 - 10 days after concreting.
The assembly starts with a top mark and cutthorns and grooves. It is important to bear in mind that the roof joists must serve 15 - 30 cm from the outer edge of the rack, making the design right and beautiful. Before you fix the details of the control assembly is to hold and fit all the design elements. Fasten the support with the top with screws. To be safe, it is desirable to lubricate the joints waterproof glue. Be sure to carry out the processing of antiseptic.
Other types of wooden pergolas
Facilities in oriental style different fromtraditional pergolas that the cross beams with bevelled ends are located in the main bearings with the help of the grooves. Enhance the effect can be if the ends of the beams are not simply skewed and curved upwards.
Climbing roses - the perfect choice for pergolas. These flowers can decorate any garden.
For the traditional layout used in pergolasrustic style, which are some of the features. This design is less robust in comparison with the other, and therefore requires a mandatory parts seat for a water resistant adhesive. Increase the stiffness is possible by means of spacers between the pillars.
Beautiful compositions created using curlygrape vines. This elegant plant will please not only the juicy fruits, but also a pleasant shade in the summer heat. Pergola for grapes may very well be the wall. Krepjat roof beams in two ways:
- using brackets;
- anchor bolts on every 50 cm attachwooden beam section 15 * 5 cm, the length of which is determined by the size of the pergola. Then fix the beams using the U-shaped brackets with 70 cm intervals. For sloping roofs must be made on the upper edge bevels timber.
If you wish to improve the roof structurecrossbeams choose more thin boards (eg 10h2,5 cm) from soft grades of wood. Their ends can be decorated with ornaments and placed so that they were in the 30 - 40 cm. Mounting is on the U-shaped bracket.
Metal structures pergolas and plant selection braiding
pergolas of metal looks light and beautiful. They are quite popular, as are durable, easy to install and operate. For facilities using bent pipes, profiles, steel reinforcement of diverse species and cross sections. Something you can even make at home, but certain kinds of work is left to professionals. For example, it is very difficult to make yourself more even and identical arches.
Wrought iron pergolas in any case it is necessaryordered experienced blacksmiths. But the appearance of these structures is different grace. Art forging allows you to create interesting compositions include a variety of decorative elements. Make a recreation area, you can add a few chairs and a table made in the same style.
Knowing how to build a pergola, and where to place it,It must still determine the plants that will be its twist. For shady areas suitable: lemongrass, kirkazon, hops, celastrus. Penumbra loves Actinidia and creeping hydrangea, and southern portions of the sun's great suitable for clematis, vines and climbing roses.
For those who do not have such a structure in hiscolorful garden photo pergola can be a good motivation in favor of the decision to place a similar construction. After all, a beautiful and colorful area where you can relax, we need everyone.
Designs are available for the garden, but you canto make their own hands. Pergola afford even very experienced hosts. Its creation most commonly used wood, metal and various materials are combined. A special grace have forged versions, but you should always look at the overall style of the garden, and then decide what kind of pergola fits best.