Dreaming establish on the site an oasis of beauty,many owners are looking for roses. These flowers can decorate the most featureless area. But somehow, many sitting prejudice that care for roses is complex and time-consuming. In fact, it all depends on the correctness of planting, the choice of varieties and locations. If we stick to simple rules of which will be discussed in the article, a year or two of your humble station will turn into a blooming Eden. So, rose - planting and care.
- Purchases rose: selection rules
- Where is the best seedlings are sold
- What are the best plants: in pots or bare-root
- Marking varieties
- We are looking for a place for the roses: planting and care during the first week
- Select the area for rosary
- Requirements to soil
- Caring for a rose garden in the first week after planting
- The first year of planting roses: the cultivation and care
- Watering Frequency: depends on the weather
- watering Rules
- Modifications rate fertilizing
- Is Rose Garden will remain: the care and control of savagery bushes
- When pruning is necessary
- Climbing roses: care and breeding
Purchases rose: selection rules
Where is the best seedlings are sold
The first step to creating paradise in the area - buyingcolors. Today, you can purchase seedlings in shops, markets, in shops, on the hands of grandparents, etc. If you trust grandmothers or market traders, in 90% of cases of high-quality English unusual purple color roses get the traditional red or pink. Believe only in photography, which is applied to the plants, it is not necessary. In addition, you do not know the conditions under which preserved roses, on which are grafted, etc. An ideal place for shopping -. Nurseries, growing plants, or plant breeders, private traders. You can also use the internet, but to buy only those outlets that work directly with the manufacturer and spread on the site complete information on each variety and its characteristics.
What are the best plants: in pots or bare-root
On sale you can see three options roses seedlings:
- with a lump of earth, wrapped in a black polythene;
Best of all take root plants from the containers,because they are planted together with the ground without damaging the roots. If you are late with the purchase in April and early May, with the middle of the month and in the summer is only buy roses in pots. The rest of the heat taken much worse.
After the pot seedlings, the second highestsurvival are roses, wrapped in foil. The root system is closed loose soil soaked with water, which helps to maintain the desired humidity and the plant to help retain moisture.
The weakest in the degree of survival - the seedlings with roots exposed. They need to be planted immediately, the day of purchase, or put in a cold cellar.
The third selection criterion - the state of the aerialof the roses. Better and healthier will grade A roses that have three or more powerful to escape. The rose varieties have either 2 strong escape or 3, but with uneven thickness. They take root worse.
Be sure to read the label of the plant. Icon "rose inside leaf" marked ADR will indicate that the variety is resistant to disease and frost. Such plants and worth buying on site.
We are looking for a place for the roses: planting and care during the first week
Select the area for rosary
Before buying seedlings need to be concerned aboutwhere they will grow. Rose sun-loving, so great feel on the open areas. However, some varieties of the abundance of the burning shed their rays, and can quickly change the color of inflorescences in the paler (burn out). The best option - a place where for a while the flower will be in the penumbra. Suffice it to 5-6 hours a day under the sun, that development was normal.
For bush is harmful humidity, soaround him do not create dense plantings that prevent aeration. Leaves after the rain should be dried quickly, or fungal diseases can not escape. But strong drafts should still be avoided. In the summer they do not interfere too much, but in the winter - freezes in aerial shoots. Choose a location where the north side of the building is covered, dense fence or large trees, but not near the beds, and three meters and beyond.
Requirements to soil
Rose loves rich in humus and trace elementswith poor soil acidity (up to 7,5 pH). At least half a meter deep into the ground must be fertile. If bottom - clay, then pave its sandy bed, which will take excess moisture and pour fertile ground (can be a special ground for the rosary).
If you plant flowers in the same place wherepreviously sat rose, although this is not recommended, then remove all the half a meter layer of soil. It already live pests and diseases that hit the old roses and calmly continue to work on new plantings. Completely change the soil, or bushes will be hurt.
If all of the above requirements are metcan not, then do not tune the flowers waiting ambulance death. They adapt and not the most ideal living conditions, but it can reduce the height of the bush and abundant flowering. Perform at least 3 requirements: no thickening planting, do not put in the shade and in the low places where the long stagnant moisture after a rain.
If Rose purchased bare-root,lower it for an hour in a container with water, which added a few drops of growth stimulator. Seedling in the film expand, clean from the ground and straighten the roots (they are usually folded in half). The bush in a container spill water, wait until completely absorbed and remove a lump of earth. If the roots are intertwined very closely, lightly stir them, combed nail or something sharp. Look at how moistened root system. If the bottom of the roots and the soil dry, dip a rose in a bucket of water for 5-10 minutes.
When the seedling prepared, start planting. Dig a hole in the flowerbed. Its depth should be such that the site of inoculation (convex bulge on the transition from the roots to the stem) is secreted into the ground at 5 cm for tea and spray roses, 7-10 cm - for pletistyh and tall.
When planting bare-root rose with the system,in the center of the pit pour a mound of fertile soil, and "planted" on him sapling so that the roots are formed along a roller coaster. Straighten the arms and place them back, so as not to interfere with each other. Roses from the container just put in a pit so that the vaccine was in the right place.
Some growers recommend pruning toplanting too long tap roots to stimulate the formation of side, smaller roots. This can be done only with bushes, whose roots you see, and you can determine how long they are.
Seat bush in the hole, he covered with earth and shed from the watering can with fine holes on the nose.
Council. If the mean daytime temperature is above 20 degrees, the plants will suffer from the heat. It is better to wait for the landing of a cloudy day (if the roots of the roses in the ground), although plant bare-root planting is necessary immediately, otherwise they will be dry. In this case, cover the seedlings lutrasilom (but not wrapped!) Or obtykayte green branches of the trees have bloomed.
Caring for a rose garden in the first week after planting
If the landing was carried out in the autumn, then every bush you need to hill about 15-20 cm in height. So you protect the branches from the cold, and in spring the earth will delay the necessary moisture.
When planting the plants in bloom (and such seedlingssold only in the summer), all week bushes protect from the sun. Loose petals can get sunburn, because that violated the ingress of moisture from the roots. If roses are not pritenit, the plant will reset the color and the upper leaves.
Stam roses certainly after plantingtie, vkapyvaya next to the seedling wooden stake. It is necessary that during the fledgling wind tree is not torn up by the roots. Fix the straps are not in one place, and separately on the trunk and the crown. Better to use the elastic material that will not crash into a rose. Suit old women's nylon stockings, cut into wide strips.
The first year of planting roses: the cultivation and care
In the first year only prickly beautytake root, and not all of them will be pleased with flowering. But it is not necessary to require. Much more important is that the bushes have built up a strong root system, stems formed a healthy and went to the winter with good immunity. Therefore, in the year of planting is carried out the next care of roses in the garden.
Watering Frequency: depends on the weather
In our climate, where rain runsa sufficient amount, rose bushes have time nazapasit moisture and frequent watering is not required. The only time when can not do without watering - time survival of seedlings, and then only in the case if there is a fever. Once the flowers started to grow and formed a beautiful bush, watered a dry summer.
- One can not pour on the leaf, but only under the root.
- The best time - morning.
- After a heavy rain the soil loosened.
- To avoid drying of the soil, mulch it.
Modifications rate fertilizing
If the bushes planted in the autumn, the first feedingspetsudobreniem for roses is carried out in late March, and the second - in June. Spring seedlings fertilized in the summer. You can do with organic, but these flowers just like horn chips and cow dung. Feed up within the time specified above, and add one more - in October.
Traditional mineral supplements are also possible. Nitrogen feed in the spring and until the middle of summer, and potassium - in the early autumn. Potash strengthens frost bushes, and so they bring in the autumn.
Is Rose Garden will remain: the care and control of savagery bushes
Most varietal roses - grafted on the wild rose,which has a higher immunity and resistance to fungal infections. Sometimes (usually 3 years) "peasant" origin makes itself felt the advent of the wild seedlings. So called branches that extend from the roots below the vaccinations, and are wild shoots that have no characteristics of the variety. They are small and light leaves (like a wild rose), what is the difference right from the main branches. On the shoots are a serious fight, because it takes a lot of power from the high-grade branches and weakens the hive. To completely eradicate the unexpected "neighbor", it is necessary to dig the place where he got to the roots and cut shears. If you only cut off the aerial parts, the savage forms several kidney and give each new shoot.
When pruning is necessary
- The first pruning is done immediately before planting (except roses in containers). The ends of the stalks sheared into 3-4 cm, as they dry up during the winter just.
- In the summer of constantly remove fading flowers. If a variety of floral forms a brush, then cut off a twig on which they are kept.
- Last trim - before the winter. It is performed only for those varieties that need a shelter to make more compact bush.
Climbing roses: care and breeding
The most unpretentious group is climbingroses. For them the main thing - to build support, because the plant can reach a height of 3 meters. Typically, these non-grafted varieties, so you can easily nacherenkovat shoots and sprinkle the ground (almost completely) to the spring to get the young seedlings. Most climbing roses do not require shelter and can remain on the trellis all winter.
If taken root roses, it does not mean that they will survive the winter. Do not forget to hide in need of this sort, and sprinkle the ground branch to plant safely survived the frost.