A wide range of material for territory fencingand it allows you to create an impregnable fortress, delicate and exclusive option, but some gardeners prefer to use trees and shrubs for hedges. And it turns out right. None of the modern model of a building material can not replace the majesty and beauty of nature. And with direct function - protection from penetration of - "green" fence copes.
- Features a living fence
- Great choice for the elite and not only
- How to determine the height of the "fence"
- Planting and caring for the living fence
- Important nuances landing
- The most popular plants for hedges
Features a living fence
Innovation of the hedge should not be considered,rather, it is "well-forgotten old". Landings were used for these purposes in Persia, then Rome, but in Europe they have become popular in the Renaissance. With decorated with topiary landscaping, living labyrinths were created. Modern environmental conditions such a "fence" is very relevant, because it simultaneously addresses many issues.
- It protects against intruders. The most reliable is impassable planting, through which it will be difficult to get even a small field animals.
- It hides unsightly commercial buildings, compost heaps, a neighbor's fence.
- Breakaway territories playgrounds, recreation areas.
- It helps create exquisite landscaping.
- It filters the exhaust gases penetrating from the roadway.
- It protects culture from strong winds and the scorching sun.
- It hides personal territory from view and noise.
- It creates an atmosphere of peace and tranquility.
Great choice for the elite and not only
Select plants for hedges elite mansion or a small suburban area of economy class will not be difficult. It is necessary to determine the purpose for which purchased seedlings.
The enclosure can be molded or leavekind. The first version with proper care constitutes a solid barrier. Suitable for the site it is small or zoning on a large allotment. Free-growing varieties are not so thick, but unpretentious in care. It can be coniferous and flowering shrubs.
Planting vines hide unsightlyfence. For decoration suitable annuals, which grow rapidly (sweet peas, beans, wild cucumber) or grass with beautiful flowering (delphinium, lupine, mallow).
Luxurious and powerful hedge are vines. But their heavy green mass can fill up the flimsy fence. And by concrete or metallic they should be planted at a distance of about 1 m.
Many plant species are very plastic, and usingclippers they can be given any shape - from the strict geometric shapes to animal or fantastic character. Not suitable for this kind of having a rare crown. Their branches can be broken by wind or snow.
How to determine the height of the "fence"
At the height of the hedge are divided into three types.
- High (more than 2 meters)
Performs all functions, including decorative. It is best suited for large areas. Of conifers can choose spruce, barbed, Canadian, juniper, thuja western, Lawson cypress and gorohoplodny. They do not lose their attraction all year round.
If the country you live in the summer, it is quitesuitable fence hardwood. Especially as it changes during the season several times, flowers, fruits, "colors" the leaves. It Tatarian maple, elm, hawthorn Siberian poplar Berlin, small-leaved lime. They should be cut twice a year. The big advantage of hardwood is the rapid growth. In one season can form lush thickets of human growth.
If the molding crowns is not a priority,can be grown from planting irgi Canadian or kolosotsvetkovoy, lilac or Hungarian plain, apple trees anthrax, chubushnika ordinary, common viburnum.
Important! Fast-growing shrubs should be planted in two rows.
- Medium size (1-2 meters)
It helps isolate themselves from the outside world, protect the culture of the wind, to hide unsightly buildings. It currant, barberry, hawthorn, cotoneaster, dogwood White, spirea, mock orange, yellow acacia.
Of average height evergreens can be identified thuja western, Canadian spruce, cherry laurel.
It is interesting! If you alternate between coniferous and deciduous varieties, fence winter will be "open-work". When planting the same species with a different color, "fence" will always look elegant and festive.
- Low-growing (up to 1 meter)
Carry only a decorative function and protect the close-growing flowers and culture from the wind.
barberry is suitable for ordinary border(Purple and green), Thuja occidentalis, cotoneaster brilliant, currant, juniper, columnar. There is no need to cut low-growing hedges of roses, snowberry, wild rose, spiraea Bumalda.
Very nicely decorated with landscape lavender, boxwood, heather. But it is important to take into account climate conditions to comply with the rules of planting and care, as one dead bush ruin the whole song.
Planting and caring for the living fence
Age softwood seedlings should be 3-4year, hardwood - not less than 2. The works should be scheduled in the autumn and begin to mark territory. If the shrubs for hedges are planted in a row, the distance between them should be 20-25 cm. To do this, suitable plants with lush foliage and thick roots. With two-row layout, and more - 30-50 cm between the seedlings of 30-60 cm between rows.
- Pulls a rope and a long trench dug. Width depends on the number of rows.
- At the bottom is filled with the soil of the top layer (the land more fertile), fertilized with peat, compost or manure.
- Saplings deepened so that the neck of the root system is flush with the ground or below 1-2 cm. Be sure to take care not to damage the roots.
Important! Before planting or in the first year after the bushes should be cut to a height of 10 cm. In the spring they will be shoots. Leave the strongest towards the fence plane. The rest is cut at an angle of 45 degrees and spliced with spikes neighboring bushes by grafting. A few years later formed a dense impenetrable fence. This fence should be cut annually.
In the first year seedlings need to be watered,podryhlyat land around them. The first pruning is carried out in the autumn of the second year after planting. In summer, bushes can be processed only at the sides, occasionally touching the tip.
It is interesting!
If pruning is carried out all wrong, and the lower part of the plant was "naked" from lack of light, the bushes should be written in the form of a cone or trapezoid.
In subsequent years, the fence should be living regularly watered and fed, dry and remove diseased branches.
Important nuances landing
- The soil should be well hydrated and podkormlennoy.
- It is impossible to plant shrubs too small (up to 20 cm deep).
- Planting should not be near the bigtrees. After a few years of trunks will be inside it. This arrangement is only possible for the borders of shade-plants (meadowsweet, currant alpine).
- It is necessary to ensure good lighting and power delivery. Otherwise, the fence will be rare and will not carry out its direct functions. Aesthetics will suffer too.
- Conifers should not "city" more than two rows. From the middle will be difficult removal of dried twigs.
The most popular plants for hedges
To create a great deal of problems, you shouldchoosing plants for hedges, which are well tolerated by the climatic conditions in your area, and the soil is suitable. For areas with a temperate continental climate with the choice is wide enough.
One of the most unpretentious and easy to take rootshrubs. In autumn its foliage turns bright green, yellow, red and brown colors, creating a festive mood. No less beautiful and berries: yellow, orange, red, burgundy and brown.
Good perceives any conditions. It can be used to curb or protective fences. Foliage on one bush can be varied. Beautiful blooms, has healing properties, is used in cooking.
- Yellow acacia
It may create a barrier of average height orand reach 5 meters. These plants more than 30 species, so you need to decide for what purpose it is planned landing. It heliophilous shrub that is unpretentious and quickly restored even after mowing hemp. Beautiful blooms, has lush foliage. Propagated by seeds, so if you want you can remove the fence, not being afraid of the new growth.
Excellent grooming lends itself quicklyrecovering after a complete cut-off. The dense crown with shiny dark green leaves in the fall painted in red color. By late summer, adorned by beautiful fruits that are kept for a long time. There are many varieties from which to choose deciduous or evergreen.
It is this site decoration. In summer - a thick green foliage that by autumn colored in a rainbow of colors from yellow to purple. Blossoms in May-June, white and bright pink flowers. The fruits are kept until December.
More suited to the southern regions, but if it is good to warm, can settle down and in the middle lane. There are varieties for borders and a height of up to 3 meters. It has a dense crown and easy to molding.
The most popular species of conifers. It has a green color, at least - yellow. It can be both undersized and up to several meters. It is easy to give in forming. Moreover, it needs. Tui oil is used in medicine and cosmetology.
It can rise to a height of 3 meters. No flowers, but all year round reliable protection area from penetration of exhaust gases. It has antibacterial properties.
Important! Evergreen deciduous shrubs can not tolerate our winters.
Hedge requires careful care notOnly in the first year after planting, but also in the rest of the time. It needs pruning, fertilizing, but the work brings only joy, allowing the owner to feel like a real artist.