In autumn, when the harvest has long been collected, andcolorful jars of jams and pickles decorate the shelves in the closet, it's time to worry about the preparation of the site. Properly caring for fruit trees in the garden and greenhouse autumn work will ensure the future of a rich harvest. For successful "winter" necessary to carry out a number of major works, with the technology of each stage of which invite you to read more detail.
- Cleaning "covered" areas
- Disinfection of the greenhouse soil
- Wash the walls of the carcass structure
- Digging and soil fertilizer
- Construction of props to strengthen the framework
Tips for autumn works in the greenhouse
Cleaning "covered" areas
The establishment of order in the greenhouse can be startedimmediately after collecting the last of the season of harvest. It is important to have time to carry out the work before the frost, because the frozen ground is less soft and pliable.
By bringing large parts of the plant residues,it is desirable to completely replace the top layer of soil. This will prevent the proliferation of weeds inside the greenhouse in the following season. To do this, shovel remove the layer of soil depth of 5-7 centimeters. Use the land as possible, cycling it in the regeneration of the beds for planting onions or garlic in the open field.
If the shot struck the ground layer of illness or"Rich" pests, it must be decontaminated after spending liming. To do this, open area in the garden soil spread in layers and sprinkle with the expectation of 150 g of lime per 1 sq. m of soil. Laid out in a way layers are left for the winter, and in spring and again carefully shovel used for arranging the beds.
If you clear the area from the plant "garbage" -simple task to get rid of harmful insects - work that requires more effort. The larvae of the May beetle and wireworms, who had taken refuge under the layer of soil in anticipation of warming and new plantings, can deliver a lot of trouble in the coming season. These harmful insects prefer to dwell in the thick soil. Therefore, the best way to get rid of them - to dig the beds, sow the soil and choosing pests by hand.
Disinfection of the greenhouse soil
Disinfection of the soil surface is conducted attemperature + 10 ° C, which is considered optimal for maximum effect. Annual processing of the earth gets rid of established pathogenic soil pathogens.
Many gardeners in pest controluse folk remedies. For the treatment of soil they use plant extracts that have the ability to kill disease-causing organisms are: tobacco, mustard, garlic.
If we consider the means of struggle on the basis of chemical components, for the treatment of soil "illnesses" can apply effective and proven methods over the years:
- Sera against spider mites.
In the fight against this pest and otherbacterial infections and mold good result gives fumigation facilities sulfur or sulfur checkers. The required amount of the substance is taken with the expectation that 1 cubic meter of 150 grams of powder is enough. To increase the effectiveness of the procedure, all the frame members are carefully sealed greenhouses, zakonopachivaya slots and pre-sprayed with water. Since the gas produced is dangerous not only for the mite, but should be carried out, wearing the mask of protection and means for human health, fumigation design.
The powder is sprinkled with small slides on metal plates, which are laid out along the interior walls of a greenhouse, and set on fire
By filling the greenhouse sulfur fumes should close tightly and leave it for two or three days. After that enough air in the room and clean the glass surface of the structure.
- Malathion from blackleg.
For the procedure powder diluted in water,taking the rate of 10 liters of water 90 grams of powder. This volume of disinfectant solution is sufficient to treat one cubic meter of soil. It is sprayed on the soil surface and then dug processed beds. The solution of such concentration can also be used in the fight against the root-knot nematode.
- Karbation from malicious clubroot
Get rid of clubroot, bringing great harmgreenery, can be treated with a surface solution karbationa. This requires 500 grams of powder diluted in 10 liters of water. Diluted solution sprayed on the surface or distributed evenly using a watering can with a spray.
Wash the walls of the carcass structure
Following any processing usingchemical products is necessary to ventilate the room and wash the inner wall structure. Sink walls perform better in two stages: first wash, using either soap and water solution, and the second time - with clean water. Clean the glass surface of the greenhouse can be using soda and mustard.
It is highly undesirable, especially with polycarbonate, to use aggressive detergent compositions and hard brushes that can damage the inner surface of a wall.
If the design is equipped with a film coating,which at the end of the season removed from the frame, the film cleaning can be done with soap and water prior to the date of withdrawal. After that, it must be thoroughly dried and folded until spring in a warm dry place.
greenhouse frame treated with a solution of bleachlime, spreading out the flow to 10 liters of water 400 grams of powder. The solution before use is necessary to insist at least 4 hours. Metal frame elements and pipe connections pour over boiling water, and wooden slats - 10% copper sulfate. The same solution can be treated with shelves, containers for seedlings and garden tools.
Digging and soil fertilizer
To fill the beds of the upper layer using the fertile layer of soil.
On average, 2 square meters of soil requires 1 natural fertilizer bucket. It is distributed over the surface of the beds and dug, buried on a bayonet spade.
Enrich the soil is possible, using mineralfertilizer. Depending on the soil composition and requirements for certain crops, the soil is made in the required proportions superphosphate and potassium sulfate. Moisten the soil in the spring to help snow "cap" that can still bring in a greenhouse in the winter and put the garden beds.
Construction of props to strengthen the framework
Since the bearing capacity of the majority of greenhousesdoes not exceed 500 kg / m, and the weight of the snow drifts, accumulating on the roof construction may reach about a ton, it is necessary to provide for additional backup facilities. Some models are equipped with special factory-made removable arches, which in the winter time frame props.
Retaining structure and easy to make yourself.
The number of props is dependent on the size of the greenhouse: everything for greenhouses 6 meters require at least 3-4 support structures.
After processing the greenhouse wall, enriching the soilcomposition and reinforcing the roof and walls of the structure, you can be sure that now it fears neither snow, nor winds and spring sown plants will be pleased amicable shoots and plentiful harvest.