Gather a good harvest, to preserve all the buildingsand to provide a comfortable stay in the country site can be used only if the work will be carried out settlement of soil moisture. Lack of water will destroy all living things, but also the excess will cause damage. Therefore, as a priority, it must be planned reclamation suburban area.
- Types of garden site reclamation
- Hydrotechnical amelioration of flooding
- Hydrotechnical amelioration of soil moisture
- Heat reclamation
- agrotechnical melioration
- Improving the quality of fertile
- pond reclamation
Types of garden site reclamation
Constant flooding of the soil leads tothe destruction of flora and construction of the foundation, rotting processes, the development of bacteria. Excessively Wednesday destroys plants. To prevent the situation requires a whole range of different activities technical and economic direction. The result will be working platform on which you can build a house, stationary arbor and flower bed, grow trees, collect useful vegetables, fruits and berries.
Reclamation is paramount, otherwisethen there will be a lot of difficulties for the work. All will have to completely rebuild. Each site requires a separate approach, so different types of reclamation shall apply:
- hydraulic engineering,
Most often they are combined.
Any kind of soil reclamation is planned for the second half of spring or summer. By this time, it is easy to identify the areas of excessive accumulation of water, or vice versa, the driest.
Hydrotechnical amelioration of flooding
Implies the installation of drainage systems, excludesExcessive waterlogging of the soil. It is necessary in the lowlands, in areas where the groundwater is close to, in the swampy terrain. Otherwise, when melting snow or heavy showers, the soil may be under water.
There are different ways of reclamation for flood protection.
It is used in small groundwater inflow ratewater. Dig a trench to collect moisture. To exclude sailed slopes over time, you need to fill the bottom of the sand-gravel mixture, or put metal (plastic) casing, through which water will go into the receiver (ditch, pond, reservoir). Be sure to close the grid system for safe movement on site. Using this method will have to be taken into account when planning the location of the trenches of landscape design.
In this method, too, digging trenches, they are placed only in the pipe. The depth should be at least 50 cm, so that the system does not interfere with the growth of horticultural crops and their processing, carrying out landscaping.
Polyethylene pipe is best suited forReclamation diameter of 7-10 cm. They are lightweight, do not cause problems with stacking and have a long service life. Available properties perforation provides absorbent sponge. Through the pinholes excess water percolates and flows into a manifold or other receiver.
In the corners necessarily establish inspectionwells, so that you can check whether the system is not blocked, and if necessary to lower the high-pressure hose for cleaning. Pipes located in it, should be cut with the same purpose. To delay debris and sand should buy special baskets. They are much easier to clean than the pipe underground.
At the bottom of the trench is filled with a layer of sand and gravel15 cm in height. It should be abundantly watered with water and sealed. On top of the geotextile is placed. The edges at the same time be temporarily mounted on the walls of the trench. It will suit large nails. Then stacked and covered with tubes "liberated" geotextile. The design is filled with a mixture of gravel and sand. The finish layer is soil, excavated during the digging of the ditch.
- Artificial dewatering
This reclamation garden plot involves the use of imported soil and surface leveling. But this method is very costly and not always effective.
Hydrotechnical amelioration of soil moisture
This installation of irrigation systems to ensure the normal life of the plant during dry weather. The system is of several types.
- Surface irrigation
Used in low absorbencysoil. To maintain moisture made grooves along the beds and seedlings or hole-rings (cups) around individual plants. For watering in the area laid the metal or plastic tubing. The most common tool for watering a hose.
- Internal soil moisture
It leaves a dry top layer of soil, except for the germination of weed seeds. It does not preclude operation in the area at the time of watering.
Are required for mounting the porous polyethylene pipes with a diameter of 2-4 cm. The small round or slotted holes can be done independently. Lay the pipe is usually at a depth of 20-25 cm.
From the title it is clear that it is artificialcreated by rain. Moistens the soil layer, the air above it and the ground part of the plant. This method does not require high material costs and does not affect the soil structure.
Rain irrigation is suitable for areas with a closegroundwater table. To install the necessary pipes, valves and nozzles. The system can be welded and collapsible. The second option is more convenient because it is easy to move around the site. The easiest option is a rubber hose in which a hole is made.
Held to changes in temperaturetopsoil, so it does not freeze, if the winter will be snow. Otherwise perennial plant roots are not injured, and can always recover.
The most common way is to mulch the soil. The surface takes cover organic and inorganic materials. In some places insulation are compost heaps.
It is carried out after the completion of the drainage andsoil irrigation. Remediation and reclamation of land - is the restoration of the landscape and the improvement of sanitary conditions of the soil. It includes several directions.
The first is cutting unnecessary spaces,uprooting stumps, removing debris, stones. In general, anything that might hinder zemledelnym work. Then he restored the damaged surface.
It is necessary to improve the properties of the soil fertile. To this can be planted plants, which contribute to its enrichment, or apply fertilizer.
Improving the quality of fertile
It is responsible for this chemical reclamation of soils. Implemented by the addition of certain substances. Usually it is necessary to reduce or increase the acidity of the soil, enrich it with micronutrients. Independently difficult to determine this figure, so you should refer to specialists.
High acidity in most plantsIt slows the growth of the root system and disrupts metabolic processes. To reduce the indicator carry out liming the soil. The alkaline environment usually gypsum and exhausted - fosforiruyut.
Special tone landscaping sets the body of water. This can be a pond, a swimming pool, a fountain or a small stream. But fallen leaves, growth of aquatic plants and the appearance of mold can ruin the aesthetic appearance, so you need proper care. Cleaning the pool or fountain does not cause any problems, but the pond requires special treatment.
Inevitable reclamation ponds are inhabited by fish and plants. The work is very laborious and tedious. The only "plus" - this should be rare.
Once a year, in spring, it is sufficient to replace? portion of water. A complete drainage (also after the heating of the soil) is required every 2-3 years, depending on the location and size of the reservoir. The event allows you to remove debris, thin out overgrown plants enrich the water with oxygen.
Important! Before starting work, preparing a plastic barrel or other large container filled with water from the pond, to accommodate the fish. Located it in a shaded place. The same time conditions are necessary and amphibians.
Water is pumped through a long or hose. When starts to go down, fish caught in a net and moves the cooked "hotel." Be sure to cover the container from the top grid.
Il should be removed from the bottom and move it to the edge. To do this, fit a broom and a bucket. Algae are removed with a rake or pitchfork. Then he should wash the brush cover.
Important! Do not use detergents.
Be sure to watch out for in order not to damage the coating integrity. To do this, choose soft brush and brooms, rubber shoes with corrugated soles.
After the clean-up pond filled with water from a hose. Immediately placed ornamental plants, then deep.
After filling the pond water, fish have to passacclimatization to new conditions. To do this in small quantities, they are placed in plastic bags or plastic boxes filled with water from a familiar environment. In these "boats" for some time should be on the surface of the pond. After their surroundings will clean the water temperature can be discharged.
Upon initial settling pond isbuy special forceps and scissors, which will allow to reach the dead plants located far from the coast. Then the body of water will always be well-groomed appearance, without the need for an early draining.
Consulting specialists will eliminate unpleasant surprises after the work.
Land Reclamation and reclamation of a garden plot isconduct before the construction of the house. The best option would be the involvement of experts, because their own systems to determine the location and composition of the soil in many cases difficult, and in some - it is impossible. Events get rid of flooding and senseless care cultures that do not bring the harvest. Immediately, you can get advice on decorations territory.