Artificial lighting for indoor plants
Do I need additional lighting for the plants? Those who are engaged in their cultivation, definitely give a positive response. After all, light colors in life plays a huge role. Without it, they may die. If it is missing, the greenery is hard to receive and absorb necessary for effective growth of energy.
- Different plants - different needs
- How much light will be enough
- Technical characteristics of the light sources
- Types of lighting
- Rule of Three "F"
Fortunately, this issue has been resolved 20 years agoago. The advent of artificial lighting devices (so-called light-emitting diodes) helped the home fans flower beds to get the best results in its joyful reality. With it became possible to meet the needs of different cultures. And they can be diametrically different. This article will talk about the general rules of this important process.
Different plants - different needs
No colors, which could develop into fulldark. Lighting for indoor plants need to be sure! The difference lies only in the amount thereof. As a rule, a day should last 12-16 hours and it does not matter by which he supported - the sun, artificial light or a combination of both. There are species that are easy to adapt to changing conditions, but there are those who only need a specific lighting. It does not need flowers, resting at night. But there are those who want to take additional sunbathing even in the winter season.
For good growth of green space is influenced by such factors:
- proper watering;
- the optimum temperature;
- necessary humidity;
- timely dressing;
- adequate lighting.
To achieve the latter will help artificiallighting for houseplants. But it is only suitable for those who have been adapting to the dim lighting (begonias, gloxinia, sentpolii). Some plants have to get used to this world. For example, orchids take time for about a year.
How much light will be enough
If we talk about the quality of natural light,to define it is quite difficult. Why? Lighting, which in human terms is bright colors can be perceived in a different way, because the window glass filters out ultraviolet rays. But if they are located at a distance from the window of 2 meters, the light to be sufficiently good growth.
It is also important to plant bulbs for lightingharmonize with the interior premises. Currently on sale are various devices in appearance and form. Some of them are practically invisible, while others contribute to the design of the rooms. Choosing them for their home, pay attention to the impact they will have on plants. For example, placing the backlight from the bottom, you will make it absolutely useless for indoor handsome.
Technical characteristics of the light sources
Each source of natural orartificial radiates energy. Its value is determined by the wavelength. Waves emanating from one source may be of different lengths. Together they form a spectrum that ranges from 300 to 2500 nanometers. For comparison, the human eye can perceive a wavelength of 380-780 nanometers. By using glass prisms light beam can be divided into different wavelength.
Choosing LED lighting for plantsIt must take into account the above-described characteristics. If we make the wrong choice, then the result can be negative. The fact that the deciduous plants need a light spectrum and blooming - in another.
Types of lighting
In the trading network, you can find two types ofinstruments - incandescent and fluorescent lamps. The first divided into several types. These included special equipment. Since incandescent lamps emit heat, it is necessary to make sure that they are not burned leaves and flowers. If you can not buy special lamps, it is possible to use ordinary 60-watt.
The virtue of fluorescent lamps is that they are hardly heated. So grow light they can be used to produce a short distance from the plant (15 cm).
Discharge lamps can be metal halide(160 W, 6,000 hours) or sodium (400 W, 12,000 hours). They are usually used in the lighting of a small number of colors. The lamp power of at least 150 W is fixed on the plants at a height of 1.5 meters. The device must be equipped with a switch that regulates the intensity of the lighting, and timer, automatic locking light time. If you hang a lamp on succulents and cacti, then soon you will enjoy their amazing colors.
2. Fluorescent lamps
These lamps can emit a warm and coolLight that match the red and blue spectral component. The golden mean - it is close to natural light. If you use a lamp cool white light, which is very far from being natural, it is best to combine the two types of lamps. Note that the radiated power in which the edges is smaller than in the center. Remember that growing plants under artificial lighting with the use of such devices is not suitable for color more than 1 meter in height. Perhaps they should be combined with light bulbs and it is desirable to change every year.
Rule of Three "F"
The development of plants is due to three processes, which is a huge role for the world.
- Photosynthesis - it involved red light spectrum. As a result of a chemical process produces chlorophyll, which affects the metabolism in the leaves.
- Photomorphogenesis determines the growth and developmentplants that depend on wavelengths. With a lack of blue wave spectrum occurs underdevelopment of the leaves and stems stretch. Therefore, lighting for aquarium plants, as for many others, should combine the two wave spectra - red and blue.
- Photoperiodism considers plant's reaction tothe ratio of dark and light periods. Flowering one does not depend on light intensity, others need a short daylight hours, while others require a certain number of hours of light and only at a particular time of day.
If you pick up the right lighting for your favorite room "pets", you can continuously enjoy their beautiful appearance! And is not that we want?