Cultivation of land near her house, and time-consumingannually confronts the site owners a variety of tasks, to cope with which is not easy. Attempts to address the issues from year to year tedious manual. Because the goal to buy a cultivator for garden there quite often. How to make a choice of necessary equipment, what considerations guide its acquisition - a problem that we will try to highlight as much detail here.
- Basics classification cultivating units
- How to choose a cultivator - general settings
- Hand model cultivators
- Types of cultivators and reviews about them
- What tips would be helpful for cultivators
Any conversation about the farming machines for gardeningzone begins with the classification of the subject matter. We, too, can not do without a systematic description of the principles of cultivating the land units. After all, their number in the market for a long time is measured three-digit numbers - really hard to understand with this "wealth". Much depends on what range of activities we consider most important to maintain our "land" in a satisfactory condition.
Basics classification cultivating units
Subsections are interested in our devices into types,species and subspecies, we have to take into account the topography of cultivated land, the size of our "possessions", a set of existing crops, soil characteristics and the main purpose for which we are gathered to purchase equipment. Plus its own financial capacity - as without it?
By appointment emit:
- machinery and accessories, designed for continuous processing of soil (with associated harrowing);
- for intertillage row spacing (if needed - along with a special "dressing" a fertile level);
- to precede the sowing works (loosening, crumbling, leveling of land and removal of weeds);
- Universal (providing for the implementation of all areas of cultivation).
According to the number covered by the series:
- Lightweight - for small sites;
- average - for difficult soils (clay);
- heavy - with a powerful engine and the ability to use additional equipment.
On the optimality ratio parameters "reliability, functionality-price":
- Amateur (simple, with short-lived life);
- semi (more complicated device that can last longer);
- professional (most are not cheap, powerful, with a "beam" function, long-term).
By the principle of action:
How to choose a cultivator - general settings
Summer work is desirable to mechanize onmaximum - rightly so. But from handheld units can hardly refuse: there is always a place where the wheel "assistant" does not pass: ridges, alpine slide, along the fence line, intricate flower. Clearly, there are located mainly flowers and perennials, but this "mat" is necessary to periodically "bother", freeing the roots to penetrate deep into oxygen. Technique here is not to turn around, and the flowers, bushes - fragile culture: the risk of damaging them is great. The preferred small nimble special tools for operations did not invent them.
Hand model cultivators
- Cultivator rotatsionka (star)
The work involved here with the shaftDisk-star - and he cut up earthen formations. Sam cutting mechanism planted on a stick-handle, which is chosen by the gardener, grower growth. Caught petals of stars, weeds "amicably" depart from the native environment. Ridges of cucumbers grown in this instrument is also convenient to move - as well as spud potatoes, especially the variety, planted here and there. In a bed in the shade of pine wood with the ubiquitous tool also does not interfere with a walk. However, hard hit by a crust or clay land so easily toolkit can not win - you will need a machine-truck.
- Cultivators ( "tornado" type)
This "invention" looks like a pitchforkcurved hook teeth, sharp at the tips. Such "gnawing" ground hooks may be three or five. Swinging, a man with the power loosening device lowers the surface. The teeth are deeply immersed in the soil - can only pull the whole "gizmo" the handle to itself. If at this point it is also lightly "crank", it works like a corkscrew. A tool with a long handle used in the garden, with a short handle-grip - to handle boxes of seedlings or pots with flowers in greenhouses.
Types of cultivators and reviews about them
Motor-cultivators are greatgroup wheeled mechanisms actuated electrical connection with the battery via the charging and finally the engine operating at a specific fuel. The most common division of cultivators on electric and petrol. In general, such equipment is divided into easy technique, and a weighted average power and the "weight category". Each of these categories - its pros and cons, so select this set the best car very problematic.
- Ultra-light and easy assembly
Most members of this groupmini-agricultural 1.5-3 hp They run on electricity. Sophisticated engine they lack that tells the user greater flexibility (in the range of cord length, of course). Ease of management such kultagregatami - a huge advantage of said line means cultivation. Weigh superlight "baby-machine" from 9 to 15 kg - any woman, a teenager or a man aged can move "another for plowing" in the distant edge of the area. Easy to manage - another positive quality. The disadvantage also has: wire underfoot, trying to get "under the knife."
"Light" brother weighs up to 30 kilos, it is not powerabroad exceeds 4.5 "horses". Regulation "on a leash" (cord longer than 10 meters - a rarity) but failure to loosen the soil deeply (up to 10 cm for Super, is not more than 20 - to the lung) makes this squad agricultural products suitable for use only in an area of 5-10 acres. Some members of the "lightweight" level allow switching to battery, available in a complete set. But it is not designed for continuous operation - reload need quickly. On the virgin lands such Digger-rippers do nothing: their "trigger" for the cultivation of previously plowed areas.
For Green House farming and ultralightlightweight electric cultivator definitely convenient. Open the "ownership" to 10 "with hook" (up to 15) hectare require the presence of at least a mechanism with a petrol engine (milling, two-stroke). Even a relatively non-severe and not designed for continuous operation. This "Robocop" is economical, does not apply to too noisy, it can be delivered in the trunk of a car. However, the scope of its use or further processing mezhryadnoy easy plowing greenhouse beds (plus loosening near the trees) does not apply. Solid arable land will require the involvement tehsredstva-light heavyweight - in the middle "ranks."
- Units middleweights
The relatively small weight of tiller35-50 pounds - a typical representative of this category of auxiliary agricultural tools. Their capacity from 4 to 6 hp This semi petrol models with a wide capture of milling (in the range of 40-85 cm), digging up the surface to a depth of 20-30 cm. They are resistant, do not make "jumps" on the sharp dense projections. Copes with clay soils, "calmly" and behave on a solid shot down the ground underfoot. But not every virgin submit to such a unit. Its mechanism of some simpleton for complex layers too great danger of irretrievable breakdown of important details.
Nevertheless, it is described category allowswithout great difficulty, to cope with the treatment area 15-25 acres. Earth, he will break the good - in both autumn and spring. The large size makes it extremely awkward to act on narrow beds, but the potato-carrot-beet-like "hero" will pave the excellent series - wide and long. He admirably covered with a thick crust of digging near barrel laps in the garden, which is hardly processed ever. Powerful root system of wheat grass with thistles destroyed in such a "worker" is easy - take any garden with the help of a very well-groomed appearance. If the distance between the trees would allow such a "handsome" fit into the turns.
- Heavy-family: professionals
Weight-heavy cultivator machines - 55-70 kg,their capacity exceeds 5.5 hp The width of the grip strip -. 1 m in this category provides a range of functions. Reducer strengthened frame available. So the ability to work with different kinds of attachments present. Performance also depends on the engine performance. There gearbox - it allows you to choose the speed, power, characteristics of the type of cultivation activities. Features of soil, land area - it does not matter to such a universal technology. Cultivator professional cope with a trailer.
Since the giant specimens are rarelydemand in the holiday sector, as focused on farmers' fields, the majority of owners of homestead gardening zones believes that the best cultivator is in a "weight average" list. However, the priorities in the search and purchase of equipment for the cultivation of "hacienda" dictated, as mentioned, a set of circumstances. Weight residents suburban land agreed that it is advisable to buy at least two kinds of devices-cultivating mechanisms: hand and wheel assembly. This is evidenced by testimonials from those who have already had to deal with elevating solid earth technique. By the good brands include Texas, Solo, Ruberi - in particular relevant to your designs.
What tips would be helpful for cultivators
To each sample with a set of equipmentnozzles which are tailored to the specific "processing" function. Some of them are already provided for in the basic set, others can be offered as a "useful" additions. The selection is made you, as possess the knowledge of all the details "in crop land and" plan. The slimmer, more compact design is acquired, the more modest the number of operations carried out by it.
The most popular attachments: hiller, ploskorez plow. Potato can only appear as an item to the heavy equipment as sinks to a considerable depth. Plow + aerator for lawn - things are also quite necessary. Rotary mowers, dissecting garden waste into fragments, are highly desirable. Well, if everything listed, you can use a shovel, snow plow, consider that the optimal set manipulation you already have - the rest is secondary. Good luck in your choice!