How to choose a reliable gasoline generator
Most comfortable conditions in a city apartment does notcan be compared with the pleasure of country walks and rest in the country, where a person becomes a part of nature. But to completely abandon the civilized conditions it is very difficult even for a day. And the trip easily overshadows outage. To protect yourself and your family from unexpected "surprises" can be generated by the generator. There are petrol and diesel models, running on gas. All of them will be able to solve the problem, but the best option is to give first. Open there is a question how to select gasoline generator specifically for their needs of the entire range available on the market?
- Is it easy to do without electricity source
- For the "tent" and the cottage
- How to choose the ideal model
- For users with large capacity
- What does the brand
- Basic rules of operation
Is it easy to do without electricity source
Outside the city is a common disablingelectricity and sudden changes in voltage. And if one may simply ruin plans (do not get to see your favorite TV show or finish the planned case), then the other would be a real tragedy. Sour baby food in the refrigerator, to turn this time in a normal case, will not be able to cook dinner on the electric stove, as usual care for a sick person, and in the winter even without heating will have to stay. The list is endless, so the backup power source is to buy more at the construction stage home.
The market is ready to meet any request. And before you choose a generator for the garden, you must decide what tasks he must deal. This will ensure complete comfort and not have to spend extra money.
For the "tent" and the cottage
The first indicator to which we must pay attention to when choosing the unit is power.
- Up to 1 kW - good for hiking, fishing trips. This compact equipment, which are easy to transport in a backpack or trolley.
- 2-5 kW - great for small cottages.
- 6-10 kW - the optimum choice for medium-sized country house.
- More than 10 kW - powerful equipment that can perform a stationary power source.
This overall performance. To determine which oscillator choose to testify, or at home, it is necessary to lay down the power of all devices that need to connect, and the resulting value multiplied by a factor (1,2-1,5). This margin is necessary because when you run some electrical equipment increases its power.
- Pumps, compressors, transformers, welding machines - in 3-4 times.
- The starting power is not very different from working in a drill, a jigsaw, a TV, a refrigerator, a computer.
- Do not interfere with the soldering iron, iron, electric.
It is interesting! If the manufacturer specifies kVA, for the transfer to the kW figure should be multiplied by 0.8.
It should be borne in mind that there are different alternators.
- Synchronous easily transferred to short-term increased load.
- Asynchronous are cheaper, but can not toleratepeak surges. Their advantage is the ability to maintain a voltage with high accuracy, that is suitable for feeding a highly sensitive electronic equipment.
Detrimental effect on the operation of the equipmentpower supply surges. And it's not only about the possible small repairs, but also the complete replacement of critical parts. Therefore, be sure to provide a voltage regulator.
How to choose the ideal model
Ideals almost non-existent, but your purchase, you can bring to it, when you consider all the nuances.
- Value for wiring
Be sure to provide that coincided Phase household appliances and gasoline generator. When a single-phase (220 V) wiring backup power must also be single phase.
Important! If purchased trehfazhny (380), the load is distributed so as to bias the phases was not more than 20%. In such models often has access to a single-phase voltage.
If the three-phase wiring and emergency supplies purchased a single-phase unit, the most important customers to be connected to one phase.
low power models have aircooling. They do not differ impressive weight and size, so convenient for transportation. Without fail can work about 8 hours. After that it must be shut off "to rest." The only exception is winter.
Model water heating can only be moved in trucks, but can work with little or no interruption. This type is provided in units of medium and high power.
- engine's type
Select a gasoline generator to give you can withtwo-stroke or four-stroke engine. The push-pull single-phase aluminum block with low power, has a margin 500 hours and designed for smooth operation of a brief (approximately 3 hours). The same, but to cast iron cylinder liners, it is designed for 1500 hours. It has small size and convenient for frequent trips. Perfect as a backup source in the country for short-term power outages.
Four-stroke V-shaped two-cylinderthe motor is designed for a long time when a large consumption. The most powerful is a gasoline generator to the engine type OHV. It provides a pressurized oil supply, automatic stop system while reducing its level, a large margin of safety (4000 hours). Engine at work does not produce a lot of noise and quite economical.
Running gasoline generator has a "soundsupport. " Of particular discomfort it causes, if the equipment is under the window. Metal casing reduces the noise, but it very quickly heats up the engine. It does not have to stop after 8 hours and after 3.
Nizkoobrotnye (1500 rev / min) models are less noisy, have a margin of safety for 500 hours, but are more expensive. If this reserve is not enough, you should choose high-speed (3000 rev / min) station.
- startup Type
This figure can be attributed to the additionalconvenience (inconvenience). Adopt a small generator in good weather, you can manually. All the "taste" of anguish felt by the arrival of winter, when frosty sunny day just attracted to the country. And almost all the high-power models are got the key, otherwise the process will become a real test.
For users with large capacity
Thinking about how to choose a generator can not bedisregard of electrical equipment which is not only used for domestic purposes, but also provides the daily work, the construction process. If the total capacity of more than 20 kW (do not forget about the stock!), It is necessary to consider the diesel models. They are more expensive, but very reliable and economical.
Specific recommendations on how to choose a dieselgenerator, no. They differ in the same performance as gasoline. But for many, the priority may be not only more power, but also the type of fuel that is cost effective.
What does the brand
The main criteria in determining producerWe should be the availability of spare parts, service. Be sure to check a certificate. It is also important the warranty service. It can be up to 5 years from the date of sale.
Unambiguous give preference to goodsforeign production is not necessary. The main reason is the quality of fuel in our country, which is different from the one on which the resource is designed generator. But here, all individually.
Basic rules of operation
Any model requires proper operation and respect. To extend the operation of the installation, it is necessary to carry out simple activities.
- Pay attention to preventive examinations. The frequency depends on the power and resource.
- change the oil in a timely manner. Use only brand recommended for a particular motor.
- Do not connect or disconnect the devices during the operation of the station.
- Avoid overheating.
- Observe the operation of the rules prescribed in the documents.
With such a power plant can not only ride out the temporary shutdown carefree energy, but also to ensure a completely comfortable in a deserted place. Maybe this is the "piece" of heaven?