Owning your own piece of land luckybecause they can build a private pond. It can be like a tiny fountain, modest pool, and a huge pond, where you will be invited to fish their cronies. It all depends on the size of the territory, your desires, fantasies and financial capabilities. However, to build a body of water - half the battle. To make it function properly, you need to take care of him properly. The first thing you should consider - is a filter for the pond - a mandatory attribute of the water facilities.
- Why do you need to clean the ponds
- What are the filters for ponds
- Introduction to filters work
- How to make a homemade water filter
Why do you need to clean the ponds
As you can imagine, Mother Nature lives itsnatural life, if you build your pond on its territory, it would have to sluts "to make friends". To study its habits, monitor the antics, try to work "duet." Some owners of estates believe that is enough to construct the pond, and then have the very nature takes water oasis under their "protection", but they are mistaken, because your creation - artificial, so you at least have to agree with the environment of the "subscription service". Nature you happy your surroundings, you are properly caring for a pond - the result is a fruitful joint project entitled "the pond of your dreams."
By the way, the reservoir can cause pollutionis not just a "prank" Wives-nature, but also your "initiative" related to the equipment and maintenance of the pond. So why water loses its purity?
- The pond is under active sun (no shade) that triggers algal blooms.
- You have not had a pre-disinfect the water or did it incorrectly.
- Water standing in the pond (the pond is not equipped with a pump), which leads to increased growth of algae and algal blooms.
- Pond "overwhelmed" by plants, so "overcrowded" bacteria and microbes, as well as for the entire reserved nature has rules.
- You are too generous feed the fish, so they do not have time to eat a portion allotted. uneaten food decompose and pollute the water.
As you can see, the bases for pollutionArtificial ponds quite a lot, so the system of water purification - a mandatory component of the water complex. You can not afford to buy a ready-made device? Then make a filter for the pond with his hands. The main thing - to make it work and cope with the volume of water.
What are the filters for ponds
When you begin to choose a filter, then marveltheir diversity. In order not to "drown" in the abundance of offers and make the right choice, the program will have to undergo "literacy." For starters learn what filters are, how they differ, which device is suitable for any purpose. And then to make your choice or use a homemade filter for the pond. According filters cleaning methods are divided into the following types:
- Mechanical devices that clean the pond from various debris, including natural - fallen leaves, dead plants, and so on.
- UV systems, water decontamination, which fight harmful bacteria that live in the pond.
- Chemical direction, working on the normalization of the water composition by removal of impurities, toxins.
- Biological type which guarantees the natural balance in the pond and restoration of the natural environment.
- Combination models includesome or all of the above system, allowing to achieve the ideal of purity in the pond. These types are often filters for ponds with fish, as for the comfortable existence of underwater creatures need perfectly clean and clear water, and the fish was so good, and you might be happy to enjoy their water creation.
But that's not all. Depending on the intended volume of water treatment pond filters are:
Both of these types of devices operate on the basis of the water pump. These models tend to be combined orientation as used for larger bodies of water.
Introduction to filters work
Consider the action of the flow and pressure filter mechanism in more detail.
If the pond is large, you will need to flowfilter for the pond, which is able to clean the water volume of 300 cubic meters. The device includes a pump. The principle of operation of the filter is based on the passage of water through a special container, which happens cleansing. The porous material for the filter, on the principle of the sponge does not pass through a diverse debris, dead cells of plants, other insoluble particles, contaminating the pond. Often such units combine several cleaning systems, for example, mechanical, chemical and ultraviolet. After passing through a multi-tank, the water is perfectly clean, normalize its structure.
It's important to know! If you use the flow type of filter for cleaning the pond with fish, then consider that the performance of the device can be reduced.
You have a small body of water, it is not usualfish, and you have always dreamed of having, albeit tiny, but its own waterfall or fountain? Then you need a pressure filter for the pond, which is able to treat up to 60 cubic meters of water. His "trick" is the ability to serve purified water at low altitude - up to 5 meters. Therefore, this wonderful machine is always there on the farm fans artificial streams, waterfalls and fountains. Despite its low-power "crumb" - a more complex machine than the alternative pressure filter. Although the principle of their work as a whole is similar.
The pressure filter as the water passes through thea kind of sponge in the biological section or sterilizer. Pressure filter called because the water using an electric pump is supplied to the upper point (at the height of your planned), and the stream of water flows from the bottom of the pond, where the device is located. As you can imagine, this type of treatment is ideal for creating structures that imply the expiry of the water and the type involving a closed water circulation. But, as already mentioned, these ponds with beating the keys should not be large, otherwise the filter will not cope with the cleansing of the entire volume.
How to make a homemade water filter
If you have a small budget or a tiny pond,not inhabited underwater "residents" or, for example, you wanted to become a creator unit for water purification, you can make filter and with his own hands. Veteran owners of reservoirs say nothing complicated in this process there, but the costs will be significantly lower. It is possible to create a device that you only need to purchase an underwater pump and all other materials are there in the house and the barn.
Thus, as can the reservoiruse a large bowl or trough or other container made of plastic. The lower half of the tank is necessary to make a hole approximately 10 cm in height, width and twice more. At the same time make sure that the bottom was not affected, otherwise the machine will not fully work. The resulting armhole put a flat stone. The bottom of the container (up to approximately the level of the upper surface of the stone) to pour mortar (cement, sand) but so as to form a first layer flow. Cured mass at the request may be treated with a waterproofing compound. Then you should pick up 4 stones with a diameter of approximately 5 cm, put them in a tank, cover the design of the top piece of plastic or stainless steel. On top pour a layer of gravel, put sintepon and attach the hose from the pump. Almost ready, it remains to decorate the upper part of the machine, because the beauty is also important, is not it ?!
How does a home-made device? Water, through the pump installed at the bottom of the reservoir is fed through a hose into the tank, leaks through sintepon, crushed stone layer, and has cleared the cascade flows back into the pond. From time to time, and rubble sintepon need to wash the dirt, and as the wear and change. Agree, a homemade filter for the power to make any owner of the pond?
Properly selected and expertly donefilter will maintain the ecosystem of your pond in a stable state, which means that your ownership of water will be clean and beautiful, and the inhabitants of the pond - healthy and happy.