The most beautiful and majestic naturelandscapes not imagine without water include streams, lakes, waterfalls, rivers or seas. Indisputable decoration furnished by human hands territories are fountains. We are of particular thrill and delight. Very few people leave indifferent foam and spray, the sun shining on the jet, which is shed in a special manner and forming strange shapes. The creation of this magnificence provide different nozzles for fountains. Therefore, choosing one or another of their structure, can completely change the appearance of jets.
- We form a stream of water specified form
- Influence of nozzles on the appearance of a fountain
- How to navigate in the selection of the nozzle
- Variations of fountain nozzles
We form a stream of water specified form
To force the water to flow in a certain way,strictly in the right direction, use the fountain nozzle (or nozzles). underwater pump Output closed tip, producing a predetermined pattern of water flow. Passing through these nozzles, the liquid is ordered, distributed in a certain way, is sprayed, foamed, aerated. As a result, created a kind of aqueous compositions, as if hangs in the air.
Often, the nozzle is quite simple in design. They are used in combination with the water pumps of various capacities. The characteristics of the pump determine the height of the lifting column or jets. fluid flow angle can be adjusted by setting the inclined nozzles so quickly and easily change the overall composition of the fountain.
Some options are ideal for small pondsand fountains, which are preferably considered close. Others create massive Blanker columns, cascades, pillars and tiers of rushing water - it is better to place large areas, to provide a broad overview. Combinations of different baits, especially in large fountains, produce startling volume of water pattern and shape. In the presence of their glamor backlight increases manifold. At night, the illuminated spectacle erupting water looks simply fantastic.
Influence of nozzles on the appearance of a fountain
Which would not seem difficult on the structure of watercomposition, size and shape of each part depends on the design of injector. There are devices that let you create foam mountains shafts or columns forming the shining dome of water transparency, intertwining streams of whole lace. rotation lugs provide an opportunity to get moving or rotating drawing water. Many popular compositions in the form of flowers, with two or more tiers. It may look spectacular water balls, spheres and hemispheres, various stages, and the wall of the atomized spray. There fountain nozzles, creating a dense, water screens, where you can project images.
To select a suitable nozzle specialistsrecommend based on several factors. This durability of the material used, the dependence of the functioning of the water level, wind resistance created by the water picture, object value compatibility with the pump. And, of course, the aesthetic considerations, the designer plans. For example, some form will be perfect to use in a quiet pond private patio or in the interior. But it will remain undetected in a large fountain complex public park.
How to navigate in the selection of the nozzle
Durability and price of fountain nozzle, is largely determined by the material of manufacture. Most such products are made of brass, stainless steel, aluminum bronze or plastic.
The most durable and quality are considerednozzles of aluminum bronzes. They are also the most expensive. Material provides high strength and excellent corrosion resistance. Another advantage in this case - the aesthetically pleasing appearance of the product, its soft golden metallic luster. On sunny days, polished bronze looks very nice, especially in the halo shining diamonds dripping or splashing.
Tips from steel and brass are more economical. They also look good, quite strong and durable. They do not need some additional care, in addition to timely cleaning. Therefore, they are widely used as part of a city fountain equipment.
Plastic nozzles - the cheapest of allrange. For a small pond or a pool of plastic use is justified. However, there are significant disadvantages in this cheap material. This short life, inability to withstand strong water pressure, a jet unstable wind.
Windproof attachments of metal will keepwater painting, even in wet conditions. They create an image of the jets and the wind is very strong and stable. The most resistant in this respect deemed nozzles that create foam - no trickle and spray carried by the moving air.
When choosing a particular device is recommendedtake into account not only the price and spectacular fountain composition. The sprayer should comply with the reservoir area and to function at this level of the liquid. It is necessary that the distance from its location to the edge of the water exceeds the maximum length expansion of the jets. Note that in windy weather spraying distance can be increased.
Variations of fountain nozzles
The shape, arrangement, sizes, diameters of holesfountain nozzles affect they create a water flow distribution effects. There are several types of the most common types of nozzles.
"Sphere" (as an option - "Hemisphere") - designIt looks like a ball of walking from the center of the hollow tubes. Mounted on the discharge pipe. In the water it creates a shape similar to a snow-white cap dandelion.
"Fish tail" forms the pattern of a number of separate streams of a given length, escaping through the nozzle without forming a film. The angle of emission of the jet fan is typically 30-40º.
"Bell" creates a small diameter tube,on top of which is mounted with a gap of a couple of disks to form a water curtain. nozzle length varies from 0.5 m to 15 m. Adjustment of inter space allows you to change the thickness of the water dome.
Fountain "Tiffany" in the form of nozzles issymbiosis "Fishtail" and "The Bells." The dome top of it is combined with individual pull up symmetrically jets. Prerequisite work - to ensure greater pressure of water at the top, the bell tower site.
"Ring" - made pressure pipe with individual small in the form of a torus (0.5-1 cm), evenly spaced nozzles. Water breaks are thin streams, flying around at 120 ?.
"Tulip" directed spray tip creates up tightly merging into a funnel. By the principle of the design is similar to the "bell." The same type of nozzle having two tiers, called "bouquet".
"Pinwheel" - has a rotating base,wherein the nozzles are arranged. The speed of rotation and angle can be adjusted normally. Several jets are pulled up and twisted axially, outwardly resembling a spiral.
Single monostruyny dispenser that allows to obtain high emission jet is tilted at an angle of 15-20º. On a design similar to the attachment "fish tail".
The jet nebulizer creates a rising column of water up and then disintegrating the individual streams around. The nozzle has the form of a tapered nozzle upwards.
Tiered dispenser generates multiple tiers or stages of water, by feeding it under a different head or through holes of various diameters, depending on the nozzle design.
These are just a few of the options for designsnozzles for fountains. We are attracted by the form of jets hitting, melodic and soothing splash. As well as create them pleasantly cool, able to brighten up the summer heat, people and plants. Every one is able to create such a beauty on its site or even at home. The scope should be limited to design a rational approach. Fortunately, now the market fountain equipment allows to create real miracles water features.