Create a pond in the country with their own hands
Psychologists say that watching water worksper person beneficially freeing from fatigue due to the daily hassles, negative thoughts and restoring the internal balance of power. If the water source is located in the embrace of nature, the effect is amplified many times. Have a piece of land, you want to protect yourself from stress and recharge your batteries, but do not know how to make a pond in the country with their own hands? No problem, learn now!
- The choice of location - the basis of a well-groomed body of water
- The shape and size - all matters
- Style - the lot of creative landowners
- Creating a pond
The choice of location - the basis of a well-groomed body of water
Pond - is not only a component of the landscape anda place to rest, but also a natural microorganism with their biological system, which processes should be properly and harmoniously. Competent choice of a place - a guarantee that everything will run smoothly and you will not have to redo the pond.
So what should you take into account, thinking where to build the pond with his hands?
- portion should be open. The presence of nearby trees are not welcome, because, firstly, they will fall with leaves and branches, clogging up the pond, and secondly, the growing tree roots can damage the walls of the pond;
- sunny place - not the best solution, becausean overabundance of direct rays provokes active development of microorganisms that leads to algal blooms and the appearance of the swamps. In addition, water will dry quickly, and you will need to constantly replenish the water;
- shadow side may also ruin your water"Child". The pond with its unique system simply perish. Choose a place where the sun's rays fall on the surface of about 8 hours per day - enough so that the water is well heated, and your body of water retained its "life", and beauty;
- creating a decorative pond with their hands, avoid the windy side, otherwise your pond will turn into a waste bin. Wind robber will drive everything that is in the area and spoil your water masterpiece.
It's important to know! Creating an artificial pond with his hands, think carefully about whether you'll change it later. If you allow the land area, but so far there is no budget, then choose a place where eventually the pond will be expanded. After all, money - will come with time, perhaps soon they will have, as well as any new idea to create a fountain, bridge, beach around the source of water pleasures.
The shape and size - all matters
There is no doubt that in many respects the pond with their devicehands depends on the allocated budget for the project. But even if money allows to create, whatever the pond, according to experts, it is necessary to take into account the following points.
- If you - the owner of a standard piece of land in6 acres, the experts recommend to build a pond in the form of a square with sides of 3-4 meters and a depth of about 0.8-1.2 meters. You can also make a reservoir 2 by 2 meters, but the depth of about 0.5 meters. Want more ambitious pond? Your business, but keep in mind that looking at this tiny section of it can be absurd;
- The optimum size of a water source - is 3% of the total land area, but may be less, proceed from the budget, your desires and style of his "child".
- The most harmonious look in the form of pondsdrops or beans, but you can create your own personal project in the form of a rhombus, a circle, a hexagon or a star - it's your right. However, keep in mind that the more bizarre path pond and more acute angles, the harder you will be to clean the water surface from debris;
- Your land - a continuous drop of relief, so youYou think that to build a reservoir on it is impossible? And in vain! On the contrary, it is an excellent opportunity to create a special pond with a stream, waterfall and backwater. You remember that running water - a wonderful way to relax ?! You see, even in the bad you can always find the good side.
- Do you want to have in the pond "residents" - the fish - andleave them for the winter? Please note that if you want to 2.5 meters depth, but there is a downside, because the bottom meter of water will be bad warm. Only you can decide which option is preferable.
- You just need to plant, but you do not want them to be with the onset of cold weather killed? Then dig a hole half a meter deep - it's enough to comfortably overwintered plants.
It is worth paying attention! Want to make a stylish pond? Then choose the shape based on the material presented in the next section.
Style - the lot of creative landowners
pond design is also important, because it is not just a holewith water, and the decoration of the site, is not it ?! Beginners fans of water elements in their possession to help create a stylish photo a pond with his hands and tips of experienced designers.
So what styles are most in demand today?
1. Formal - magic wand for those little versed in the design, but wants to have a beautiful body of water. In simple terms, a formal style involves symmetrical, neat, "quiet" form, which makes land harmonious, beautiful (in the classic sense of beauty), even a little solemn;
2. Landscape style, born in the East (where the formal style and did not develop) and migrated into Europe. The main purpose of this style - to preserve pristine nature, the shape of the reservoir can be asymmetric. The pond must seem somewhat wild, forest, created by Mother Nature. The good news for those who have chosen landscape style, is the efficiency of work, both in terms of finance and time, because such a body of water - the personification of freedom around.
3. Country (rustic style) - an outlet for those tired of the bustle of the city gardeners. Simple shapes, natural materials, no "frills" - that is the main feature of country style. However, the plants in the water and around it, on the contrary, should be bright, colorful, contrast. Encouraged an abundance of wooden objects and decorations in the neighborhood.
4. Modern - option for landowners who love order and refined tranquility. In this style, as a rule, the pond is located in the center of possessions. Form pond designers are advised to make simple plant to use plain and combined with each other in color. Modern in something reminiscent of a formal style, but it is less strict and more outfits.
5. Japanese style - "squeak" of fashion landscape. Some designers insist that the Japanese pond - a subspecies of the landscape style, just more modest in size than its "parent." "Chip" Japanese style - a large-scale spatial depth at tiny sizes. For this body of water surrounded by dwarf trees, rocks, waterfalls and other miniature copies of the landscape "decor". Despite its modest size, in the implementation of the Japanese style of time-consuming, as carefully thought out every centimeter of water space. Such an aqueous masterpiece - rather than a place for entertainment and a place for contemplation, relaxation, relaxation.
Creating a pond
So, we found a place, choose the size, style and shape, but you still do not know how to make a pond with his hands? Focus on these options:
- low-budget pond;
- pond, made of formulations;
- Traditional building.
Consider each option in detail.
What is a low-budget pond? Everything is simple: use the materials at hand, which is in the barn or buy "penny" film lining its bottom and pond. But first things first. If with money tight, look for the old or the bath tub. Not found in his shed? Interrogate neighbors, friends, relatives, someone is sure to find a container. Next, the procedure works like this:
- You dig a hole:
- put in a recess bath;
- fill with water;
- dekoriruete pond with stones and plants.
If you have some money and want more volumepond, then buy a black film with a thickness of 150 microns. The only thing that needs to be done to deepen the embankment on the perimeter, which will fix the film in position and cover the bottom of the sand pit. The edges of the reservoir (on top of the mound) that decorate the stones. To secure the bottom of the pond Stela two layers of film.
Want to water ownership were fewdecades, but "play" with the concrete once? Buy finished shape and size desired. Proceed according to the order papers described the tub assembly. However, the volume of such formulations do not exceed 900 liters.
If you want a massive body of water haveStill a lot of patience and concrete, as well as to prepare for the fact that such a pond will fly you to the "penny" and takes a lot of time and effort. To make a reliable and a large pond, you need to:
- dig a pit;
- carry out waterproofing deepening;
- Pour all the special (resistant to water) concrete;
- decorate the "child";
- settle fish (optional).
Pond, made with his own hands - it's not just the most beautiful place in the area and a paradise for relaxation, but also an occasion for the author of the project of pride.