Stoves for questioning
The light from the fire, the flames, the heat coming from thehearth, always attracted and fascinated people. The modern way of life in the city can not provide this. Therefore, anyone who has their own vacation home or cottage, it seeks to equip the stove or fireplace. His own hearth gives a feeling of warmth and comfort in the house. In addition to the aesthetic component of the furnace and fireplaces to give playing a practical role. With their help, the house is heated, allowing to live in it all year round.
- Three design variations
- Oven - thank traditions
- Fireplace: practicality and aesthetics
- Stoves: symbiosis benefits
- Requirements for stoves and fireplaces
- Select a Destination
- Installation of furnaces, fireplaces and stoves, fireplaces
Despite the development of technology in the fieldheating and the presence on the market more functional and practical modern boilers and convector heaters, stoves and fireplaces are still popular. Plan a place in the fireplace or stove is necessary at the stage of creating the project. It is necessary to immediately determine the type of future focus. The installation method will largely depend on the type of focus, personal preferences hosts and put forward their demands to heating homes. The construction of the furnace or fireplace can be made both during and after completion of all work on the construction of the house. The main thing is to clearly understand the design features of stoves and fireplaces.
Three design variations
There are three basic types of structures: stove, fireplace and a combined type - stove.
Oven - thank traditions
This type of home the most massive. To install it requires a strong foundation reinforced. The furnace can perform the function of heating homes and cooking. Under its installation should be planned quite a lot of free space. wood, coal, turf: a solid fuel is used for heating furnace. Masonry stoves - is an art, so it should be given to the master-oven-builder. If you want to make your hand to the future of the furnace, then again, this should be done under the supervision of the master.
Important! If the furnace is installed in a fully constructed house, and it is not planned to place under it, you will have to disassemble the floor decks. And it is very troublesome and expensive task.
Fireplace: practicality and aesthetics
Fireplace installation is much easier than settingfurnaces. Fireplaces easier, but for them also needs to be done to strengthen the foundations. The design of the furnace and the chimney of the fireplace is quite simple, requires less space. Fireplace has minimal functionality.
You can use it only as a heat source and aesthetic interior. Fireplaces can be drown as the solid fuel and gas.
Important! Today, fireplaces are popular with ready-made metal chimneys and furnaces. These fireplaces are easy to install, have a low birth weight and the development of technologies for heating allowed to achieve efficiency of 85%.
Gas fireplaces are almost identical to testify onin appearance to conventional fireplaces on solid fuel. Decorative elements can simulate gas fireplace burning firewood, coal or any other kind of fire. Gas fireplaces are made of refractory glass and ceramics. By type of construction they resemble traditional, the difference lies in the supply of fuel. The gas fireplace is equipped with gas burners, fuel and flame level can be controlled by means of special sensors. The advantages of the gas fireplace is its capacity to 4 - 10 kW high efficiency for heating, no combustion products (carbon black and ash), ease of installation.
Sometimes the houses is already a traditional fireplace, andthe owners have a desire to convert him under the gas. This upgrade is possible. The main thing is to contact the experts, have failed to home and gas permit.
Important! When purchasing a gas fireplace to give, you must pay attention to the markings. If the fireplace is labeled P, which means that it runs on LPG. If there is a marking N - this fireplace will only work on natural gas.
Stoves: symbiosis benefits
It is necessary to highlight this type of hearth. It combines all the advantages of stoves and fireplaces. From fireplaces it got light weight, compactness, ease of installation. Stoves also have the ability to quickly heat the room by the energy beams from the flame. This capability is achieved thanks to the glass door and two furnaces. Design features of the oven allow to cook and for a long time to keep warm. Stove to give perfectly complements the basic heating system, fulfilling the function of insurance to the embodiment of the event of failure of the boiler or heat. There are two sub-stoves. The first - is made of brick. The second is made of cast iron or steel, lined with ceramic tiles. In its essence it is almost autonomous system that can be installed in any home.
Important! Stoves to give the most in demand, where the owners are on short visits.
Requirements for stoves and fireplaces
Choosing one or another type of home should be guided by the following characteristics:
- Excellent warming throughout the furnace or fireplace.
- Prolonged heat retention.
- Easy to operate and maintain.
- High fire safety standards.
- Safety of unburned gases and a good hood.
- Durability. Lifetime should be at least 20 years.
Select a Destination
Choosing a place for the stove or fireplace must be based on their intended use. The correct location will help to prolong service life and ensure high-quality heating.
The oven is placed for heatingmiddle house. This is done for two reasons. Firstly, oven, placed so as to be uniformly heat the whole house. Secondly, none of the sides of the furnace will not be in contact with the outer wall, so that there is not a large difference in temperature and the oven life can be extended.
Stoves for heating and cooking are also set in the middle of the house. It is important that the furnace and the furnace, which is designed for cooking, came out to the kitchen.
Fitting the fireplace should also choosein the middle of the house. The principle of site selection is the same - the maximum heat dissipation. It is important that fireplaces are located in the side of the door and window openings. Located in front of their fireplace will create an enhanced air circulation, in other words, draft. To avoid this phenomenon, in the fireplace can be fitted with pull out from under the floor.
Stoves for the cottages, made of brick,should have a fireplace in the living room or recreation room, and a part designed for heating and cooking, it should go to the kitchen. Location of metal furnaces, fireplaces depends directly on their destination. When cooking, then - in the kitchen, and if for heating, then - in a residential area.
Important! When planning to use the fireplace and metal furnaces, fireplaces for the purpose of quality home heating, you should immediately provide for the possibility of connection to the general heating system. To do this, you can buy a ready-made hood with integrated coil or metal fireplace inserts with a water jacket. For furnaces at the stage of creating the project should be possible to heat the water for the heating system. It's typical for furnaces, fireplaces made of brick.
Installation of furnaces, fireplaces and stoves, fireplaces
For ready-made metal fireplaces, furnaces,furnaces, fireplaces installation process is simplified. All major works are reduced to site preparation. It is important to ensure fire safety. To do this, place the installation of metal stoves laid a layer of refractory material, on top of it put the metal sheet. Near the place of installation in a wall or ceiling to punch holes for the chimney. In places of its contact with the wall, ceiling and roof obkladyvayut refractory material. Now we have put in place very center and connect it to the chimney. If there is a desire and opportunity, the metal center can impose a brick oven or a heat-resistant ceramics. The result is an aesthetically attractive center.
work on masonry fireplaces, Kilns and furnaces, fireplaces are among the mostlabor-intensive, requiring special attention and accuracy. To carry out this type of work alone is not recommended, but if you want, it is better to do it under the guidance of a master stove-maker. For the fireplace or stove of brick clay solution should be used or a special furnace refractory mixture. In the process of laying will be used furnace brick and firebrick. Number of brick and volume of the solution is calculated at the time of the creation of project documentation. The works themselves begin to prepare a solid foundation under the stove or fireplace depth of at least 0.5 -. 0.7 m The heavier the fireplace or stove is, the more reliable must be the foundation. Just need to seal the foundation.
Important! Begin laying is possible only after complete solidification of the foundation. Foundation for the furnace to be detached from the house foundation.
For masonry and plaster used claysolution. In order to stove or fireplace for a long time and reliably served, you need to prepare a binder solution correctly. The quality of the solution depends on the "fat" clay. This parameter can be determined by the amount of sand. "Fatness" of the solution can be determined by lowering and removing the wooden rail in the solution. If rail solution hung a lump, it is too bold when slid, and almost nothing left, then, is too much sand. It is necessary to remain part of the solution to the rail, and some slipped. Its consistency should be like sour cream.
Important! If necessary, the solution can be prepared from raw bricks. Such defective bricks can be purchased at a brick factory. The composition of the bricks will meet the requirements for a solution.
Now you can proceed to the very masonry brick. It is not much different from the usual. The main thing is to monitor the thickness of the seams, it should not exceed 3 mm, and strictly follow the project documentation. Brick before laying should be soaked for a few minutes in the water. This provides better coupling with the solution. During the laying of the inner sides of the stove or fireplace smooth down, removing excess solution, it is called shvabrovka. This is done so that the walls are not settled combustion products - soot and ash. Once built hearth, you can proceed to the construction of the chimney.
Important! In the process of laying it is necessary to constantly monitor the horizon and vertical, using a builder's level and plumb.
Fully completing the masonry, you can startdrying fireplace or stove. It is important to do everything correctly and without hurry, otherwise you'll have to redo everything again. Drying takes place in a natural way from 7 to 21 days, depending on the level of humidity. After natural drying can proceed to active. For this heat their furnace or a fireplace in the first day for 30 minutes. Further time can be increased to 1 hour. Doing this is during the week. The signs will be completely dried oven - a uniform shade of joints or plaster, on the door or other metal parts should not be collected condensate.
Properly set up and ready for the oven operationfireplaces or heat will please their owners. Their installation is important to the professionalism and patience. Masters of their craft creating stoves and fireplaces that stand for many decades without being destroyed. The aesthetic beauty and functionality of stoves and fireplaces are attracted and attracts even with more technologically advanced heating elements.