The most common form of terraces inseparately attached premises without glazing. Place them there is no way, when the latter has long been built, so the owners to erect an extension of columnar supporting pillars (if the foundation of the house is set high), or just on a gravel pad (where the foundation is located low) on the foundation of the house. Use this form to the square meters in the winter time you can not. Spend the substantial funds for the resettlement of non-residential premises seems unreasonable. Consider how warm veranda with high quality and cost-effectively.
- Development for the work plan.
- The process of outer wall decoration.
- The processing windows.
- Warming of the floor.
Development for the work plan
Outdoor terrace to warm it makes no sense,therefore either need to spend money on her windows, or even leave this venture. It is not necessary (especially if it is carried out on a country site) to install plastic windows. In this case, you can safely do conventional panes that you can install yourself, fixing them with wooden slats.
Most heat loss is carried outthrough the windows and walls. Less of it goes through the floor and the ceiling, but only in the case where the extension is not located directly on the ground. In the basement there is no heat is lost through the floor almost at the same level as through walls.
The process of thermal insulation of windows, floors and ceilings, as opposedfrom the walls, passes through the inside of the room. Assemble the materials on the walls inside the building is not beneficial for several reasons. Firstly, a heater inside the stacking leads to the fact that the walls in the winter freeze anyway, and the material itself is not able to reflect the full cold. Secondly, the dew point is shifted into the room, so there is a great risk that the material will gain moisture, because of what later will be a fungus and mold. Third, the performance of work outside the data much easier than inside (although they may be suspended due to weather conditions).
Thus, the progress of the work should be as follows:
- Glazing premises;
- exterior wall insulation;
- window processing;
- Floor insulation (if necessary);
- Ceiling insulation (optional).
The process of outer wall decoration
Work will begin with a thorough treatment of allsurfaces. It is necessary to eliminate all cracks using a silicone sealant or a simple tow, and remove all items that are poorly kept or interfere with (shriveled old paint and shutters, for example).
Choosing the material should be based on several criteria: cost, durability, heat transfer rate, resistance to adverse conditions. At the moment, almost all of these criteria is responsible mineral wool, the only thing that can be confusing - the cost. That's about it further warming will be discussed.
After preparing the surfaces begin to assemblethe first horizontal frame in which niches will be laid insulation. For its production should buy wooden slats (5x5 cm), which should be treated pre-protective agents (it will prolong their service life). Attach them to be across the wall, the distance from one rail to the other - the width of the plate made of mineral wool with a deduction of two centimeters. The reduction is done intentionally, that is to provide rigid fixation cloth, otherwise it will slide.
Over-filled cells of the first frametensioned membrane film. It protects the material from getting wet in the rain, as well as small cracks on the walls blowing. Attach it can be with a conventional staple gun.
Over the first film frame is mounted a second protected but only vertical. It is on these rails are mounted on top of the elements of cladding (siding).
Windows do not require additionalprotection and normal windows - yes. Treat them need not only space frame joints, but are themselves web (especially if you are on the street protects only single glass rather than a double).
First, seal the glass itself by usingSpecial energy-saving films. For its installation will require double-sided tape and a conventional hair dryer. At the top of fabric glue long strip of adhesive tape, remove the protective layer of paper and glue it to the edge of the film. Slowly presses the surface of the film to the glass and direct the hot air stream on its surface. Hot jet will ensure a snug fit. Below anchoring edge of the film with the help of the same tape.
frame joints are sealed with a specialsolution. We take a certain amount of chalk and twice plaster. Slowly add water and knead the mixture until the consistency of thick cream. With spatula apply the mixture to the joints of the frames. We expect about ten minutes, until the mixture dries out a bit. Then, turn off any cloth in roll, moistened with water and tested it on a wet putty roller, thus leveling it. When spring comes, just open the flap, pieces of dried mixture just disappear on their own, without damaging the integrity of the cover frame.
It is possible to insulate the windows and with a rubberseal, but work in this case is more complicated. It will take careful mounting gasket itself, as well as fitting the valves hinges for tight closure.
Please note that after the datawork ceiling height is reduced by about 15-20 cm. You should start with the complete removal of the old flooring. If you intend to re-laying of flooring or linoleum shot, the handle must be dismantled components carefully. If the coating consists of a plurality of segments, they should be numbered or designated by some other manner of placing the order.
If the floor with irregularities, they should be correctedand make a new pre-coupler. After that stacked without additional fixation tape insulation 2 cm thick (cut them out of the mineral wool slabs) in the region of the baseboard around the perimeter of the entire room. Then along the flat stacked wooden logs, the thickness must be equal to the thickness of the insulation boards. Fixing is carried out with screws, spacing between joists is the width of the plate. Then stacked insulation slabs.
On top of this structure fit chipboard,they should be placed offset relative to each other. In the end, it turns out that the middle web of the first series falls on the junction of two sheets of a second. You can then lay the new flooring or return to the place of the old.
Thermal insulation of the ceiling is carried out all at the sameprinciple: assembling the frame, filling the insulating material and lining. The work volume, but not complicated in execution, so handle them yourself easily enough, even without the involvement of assistants.