Garage of foam blocks
Modern garage of foam blocks - the bestoption in terms of price and quality, won great popularity at the moment. This is due to the many advantages of the material used and existing technology. The construction of the garage of the foam blocks produced with minimal labor and time costs compared to the masonry, for example. The technology of construction of the garage, however, as absolutely any similar structure, is composed of several successive phases.
- Development of the garage project
- Preparatory work
- Construction of the foundation for the garage
- Construction of the walls of foam blocks
- The device reliable roof
- The final stages of construction
Development of the garage project
Before the actual start of constructionneed to develop a garage project from foam blocks. For correct its preparation should take into account the location of the site, the nature of the soil, location in relation to the road, the entry, the design features of the gate. After collecting baseline data to begin detailed design of structural elements - foundation, walls, roof. In addition, the project includes interior and exterior finishes, insulation techniques, installation of water supply, heating, electricity.
At this stage it is necessary to prepare the construction site, clearing it from the unnecessary waste. In addition, water and light are carried out, are cleared driveways.
The surface under the garage is subject to futurealignment. To do this, remove the top layer of soil, and the surface is carefully leveled and compacted. So, then just build a garage of foam blocks.
Construction of the foundation for the garage
Typically, the foundation construction atgarage using a monolithic plate. In this case, the basis for the foundation is sand-gravel cushion, which forms a continuous flat surface.
Solid base plate isthe best option, well withstand all the loads on the vehicle and designs and is an excellent floor, which is easily subjected to the finish. Stove is a kind of "floating foundation"Taking all the load itself as awhole. The construction of the garage of the foam blocks using a foundation monolith to avoid uneven strain bearing structure. In order to increase the stiffness of the foundation slab to lay the solid edges.
Construction of the walls of foam blocks
The construction of the garage of the foam blocks with their handsIt requires competent waterproofing. Moisture should not be in the room from the basement, so the first layer of foam blocks should be laid on a layer of waterproofing material.
Masonry walls of the foam blocks Occasional cementa solution or a special glue. The latter option is more expensive, but very convenient to use in comparison with cement mortar. It should be noted that the joints between the concrete blocks when laying on the solution should be about 1 cm, and when laying on adhesive -. About 3.5 cm every two Foam concrete to be placed into a number of horizontal seams metal reinforcing mesh.
During the workflow necessary to enforce uniformity of the masonry. If there is a need for alignment, it is necessary to use a rubber mallet.
It is important! Each connecting seam must be located at a certain distance from the previous one - no less than 10 cm.
To build the garage of their foam blockshands, you need to overcome a number of difficult moments. One of them is the unit beams, located above the garage door opening. Standard opening for one car is 3 m. The jumper for the opening consisting of two parts, welded in several places of the metal strip and ground. Laying is performed on the solution used in masonry foam blocks.
Important to remember! The edges of the beam must be at least 20 cm to go to the wall.
The device reliable roof
We have already covered the basic operation aimedon how to build a garage of foam blocks. Prior to the completion of major construction works we are only one step. It remains to raise the roof - and your garage from foam blocks with their hands almost ready.
For garage easiest option would be normalrafter roof, for which the device is mounted on the wall mauerlat of timber. Previously under the base trusses should put a layer of waterproofing material.
Finish the roof should ideally be combined with existing buildings, it may be of slate, metal, roofing.
The final stages of construction
After the completion of construction work should begin in the outer finish. The walls are plastered with siding or trim that avoids the negative effect of moisture on the materials.
Penoblok - a popular building material,It has its advantages and disadvantages. It has good heat and sound insulation characteristics, affordable price, but with small ground motions walls of this material gives a crack. For the construction of the garage is better to use foam block thickness of 70 mm as well as wider units used for non-residential premises - irrationally.
The use of foam blocks allow to constructquite original design, fits perfectly into the site design. A clear picture of the options might look like your future garage of foam blocks - photo - selection will allow the present.