Garage cinder block
Block building is deservedly considered oneof the most popular technology of erection of buildings for various purposes. A garage from slag blocks - a great way to everything "campers" that the quality is the favorite of all time - a brick. The technique, which appeared in the 70s of the last century, today more relevant than ever, because it allows for a short time and with minimal financial cost to acquire a reliable shelter for the faithful companion - a car.
- Cinder block-characteristic material
- Where to begin construction?
- The project - an important component
- How much cinder block on the garage?
- Building of cinder blocks with their hands
- A breakdown of the territory and earthworks
- Equips the foundation for the garage
- Building a base, walls and garage doors
- To construct floors and roof
- We make a blind area and floors
- The final finishing and insulation
Cinder block-characteristic material
Concrete cinder block obtained by pressing,the main components in the production are blast furnace slag and fly ash. Although sometimes there are cheaper fillers - brick fight, sifting gravel, sand, shell. Among other things, to improve the thermal conductivity manufacturers add expanded clay, polystyrene, perlite.
cinder block density depends on the composition, moreall the figure is around 500-2000 kg / sq.m. Available units in two variations: hollow (weight 15-21 kg), and full-bodied (up to 27 kg). Some, focusing on affordable price, mistakenly believe that the garage from slag blocks - something unreliable, but it is not. Construction of cinder blocks are durable, resistant to fire, their lifespan is at least 50 years.
Inside the porous cinder block, similar in shapebrick, but with hollow holes. Blast furnace cinder block (it is suitable for construction) consists of granulated particles ranging in size from 2.0 to 8 mm. The larger the particle, the block easier and lower thermal conductivity.
Where to begin construction?
So, if you decide to build a garage of cinder blocks with their hands is necessary before the start of work to do the following:
- analyze the terrain, determine the type of soil, groundwater level and soil freezing;
- estimate the distance from the communication lines (water and light);
- create a project the future of the garage;
- determine the type of masonry and calculate the necessary materials.
The project - an important component
The project - the initial step in order to assessscale events. Many novice builders scary word, inevitably causing the association with a pile of drawings. Not at all. Suffice it to describe all that you plan to create a single piece of paper. This will help organize data and significantly speed up the process.
It is important to determine the construction of purpose: it will only place to store cars or to repair too? Is Needed cellar, inspection pit? What size do you want as a garage and for all that you need a supply of raw materials?
It is important!
Well-thought-out project will foresee a lot of important details and nuances of the construction, which can not be overlooked in any way.
How much cinder block on the garage?
This question is perhaps worried in the first place anyone who is planning the construction of a garage built.
Calculation of cinder blocks to the garage is as follows: for example, the structure will have a size 4h6h3 meters. Standard dimensions of cinder block - 390h190h190 mm. The width of the wall, we get 190 mm. At 1 m2 fit 13 blocks. Calculating the area. Perimeter multiplied by height (20h2,5 m = 50 square meters). Let it be a standard size gate - 3h3,2 meters. The remaining 43 sq.m. We multiply by 13 and we get 599 (the number of cinder blocks to the garage).
Building of cinder blocks with their hands
After receiving permission for the construction and purchase of the necessary materials, you can proceed to the main part of the work.
A breakdown of the territory and earthworks
At this stage, you should plan yousketched on paper, transferred to the real terrain. This will require wooden pegs 40 cm long, a sledgehammer or a heavy hammer, measuring tape, nylon cord (40 meters).
For accurate reference to the area you need to know in terms of placement angle of the garage, if you follow the line of the walls of the existing buildings, this would be easy.
The trench for the foundation should be a beltwidth 40 cm, depth is chosen based on the level of the ground freezing (60 cm-1.2 m.) The bottom of the trench should not be loose, ie You need to clean up the soil layers with a natural density.
It is important!
the trench walls should also pay close attention: they must be smooth.
Equips the foundation for the garage
Construction of the foundation can bedifferent ways. The most simple in execution - rubble concrete. In the dug trench layers stacked rubble stone, poured cement layers. Cement use is not lower than 150 brands. To do this, portland cement (PC) 400 is mixed with sand at the rate of 2.5 buckets of sand to cement bucket. Topped up with water to obtain a mixture of mobility.
Building a base, walls and garage doors
To be on the perimeter of the cap devicetrenches set wooden formwork. Optimum width of the boards - 10 cm. If the field is not very smooth, the basis is the highest point, add 10 cm and longer by this distance mark the horizon. Horizontally arranged waterproofing cap of two layers of roofing material. This step is necessary to wall does not absorb moisture from the ground.
Gates is better to set up the construction of the walls, sothey are secured in the masonry as erection. For strength to the door frame welded fitting pieces - round bars with a diameter of 12 mm, which are sealed after laying seams.
It is important!
Before installing the gates are painted in two layers.
They need to be set vertically, which is checked by a plumb or level, and fix braces made of wood.
Walls laid the traditional "brick", ie when the subsequent series of overlapping stitches previous. To begin with you need masonry corners, then stretch the cord between them and continue to work.
To construct floors and roof
To cover should be reserved flange beamsbeams 120 mm. Please note that the length of the beams should be 25 cm greater than the width of the room. Beams should be laid across the garage in increments of 80 cm so that they repeated the slope long wall.
After laying the beams begin to sewingthe resulting overlap. From below as closely as possible plank boards of 40 mm thickness. On top of the boards laid roofing and roofing felt on the plank slag, expanded clay or semi-rigid Minplita.
It is important!
Behind and in front of the roof should protrude by 20 cm - such visors protect the wall in the rain.
Over the roofing material and slag must be madescreed at least 20 mm thick. The roof is almost ready, it remains only to protect it from moisture using Akvaizol or Rubemast. Ties are pre-coated with a primer, otherwise the waterproofing not be pasted.
We make a blind area and floors
The floor in the garage settling on the plinth level. The thickness of the concrete screed must be at least 10 cm. Earth clean, leveled, covered with sand or fine gravel as needed. It is better to pour ready-mixed concrete M200.
The concrete mix is necessary to fill the layers continuously. If beacons are available, the concrete placed between them neatly. Ready floor after setting will be overwritten.
50 cm width of the blind area is similar. There may be a layer of concrete 5 cm thick. Blind area must be sloped to drain rainwater and melted snow.
The final finishing and insulation
As for the finish, the garage from slag blocks does not require anything supernatural. You can wipe the walls with cement plastered and whitewashed.
Thermal insulation is carried out on request. As the insulation is suitable fiberglass or foam. The next layer - polyethylene film, which will not only be protected from moisture, but also to improve the thermal insulation properties of the sandwich. The final touch - plasterboard patch.
You finally decided to build a garage of cinder block. Do not forget that the laying of large-size material with voids technology has its own nuances.
The works have been completed. Now that you know how to build a garage of cinder block, which means that your car will be safe home, where there will always be comfortable and warm.