Frame garage with his hands
For many, the car is much more thanjust a means for movement. It is a reliable helper and loyal companion for life, which is in need of care and maintenance. Of particular note is the problem of proper storage, because "avtodomik" must comply with a number of requirements. Before its construction can hardly be called an easy task, but the construction of modern technology made it possible to build a garage frame with your hands as soon as possible, with a minimum spending of funds.
- Requirements for the construction of the garage.
- What is a brick garage?
- How to build your own hands?
- Preparatory work.
- Laying the foundation - an important stage.
- Putting the frame for the garage.
- Do the rules on the roof.
- Go to the wall covering.
- Installing the garage door.
- Internal management improvement.
- Frame garage with his hands: photo
Requirements for the construction of the garage
To the garage has been strong and coped with assigned duties for the storage of your vehicle perfectly, you need to know what qualities he should possess:
- durable construction for effective protection against external influences;
- low thermal conductivity, which is necessary for optimum temperature control and reduce the cost of space heating;
- simple design, which allows to carry out the whole range of work on their own;
- low cost;
- minimum deadlines.
What is a brick garage?
Frame construction becomes recentlyit is extremely popular. Lightweight design (LMC), made mostly of wood, is placed on a light ground. But this does not mean that the building will be fragile: longevity brick garage can compete with from foam blocks and metal counterparts.
The remarkable technology was presented to the Swedes, so these facilities is also called Swedish. The invention was immediately appreciated because benefits from it - the mass.
Simplicity and maximum speed of work - the maindignity. Due to the fact that the constituent elements are connected by bolts and screws, assembly work can be performed at any time of the year. Force 2 installers more than enough to build a brick garage for several days.
Another important factor is that the need for rentingspecialized construction technology eliminates unnecessary. Worry about the construction site debris litter also too much - it just will not.
How to build your own hands?
Before construction, it is necessarydraft a frame garage, reflecting the sequence of stages and the calculation of the required materials. Next, you need to think about the place of dislocation. If at your disposal there is a playground 10x10 meters, is considered the first step has been taken.
It is important! The project plan can be ordered from professional designers or download one of the many Internet sites.
Starting frame construction of the garage need topreparation area. The site is cleared of vegetation, leveled and compacted. For the future, the foundation created by gravel and sand cushion, which is spread by means of compaction to produce a smooth surface.
Laying the foundation - an important step
As you know, the foundation is the basis of any structure,Providing strength. The choice of the type of foundation depends on various factors: the constructive scheme of the garage, the features of the ground, the economic feasibility. Most often in this role is a monolithic concrete slab, serving simultaneously as a floor, which can be faced with any materials. A concrete slab is a kind of "floating" base, which receives loads evenly, which helps to avoid deformation of the structure.
On the surface of a shallow trench dug around the perimeter, and then set formwork.
It is important! Note that the formwork is installed on three sides of the future garage.
Of great importance is the quality of the filling informwork concrete products should not buy without a certificate. To make the plate strength provides solid mounting reinforcement ribs and two mesh reinforcement.
We reserve the resulting foundation for 3 weeks.
Putting the frame for the garage
After the foundation froze completely,the construction of the frame of the garage with his hands involves the construction of "skeleton". Bottom rail boards made of 100x50 pretreated antiseptic.
beams are used for corner posts and gatesize 100x100, for the other parts - joists and rafters - 100x50. Between the uprights sill kept in step 120 cm. You can not do, then mount will be made with the help of screws and nails in the lower harness slots for the rack. Incidentally, this method is much easier.
To make the frame strength should be installed at the corners of the struts. Do not forget to provide a place for windows and gates.
If you plan on building more than the width of 4meters, it is better to make beams of 50x100 boards, which are much stronger. The longitudinal elements are made of boards at least 50x50. This step takes several days time.
Do the rules on the roof
Next, the construction of a garage on frametechnology moves to the next important stage - arrangement of the roof. This will require 100h25 boards that are sheathed with corrugated roofing material. With this role remarkably cope bitumen sheets are stacked directly on the crate. Since that insulate the attic of the garage is not necessary, they will be enough.
Many people prefer everything for roofor profiled metal roofing - sheets do not need to be customized, and the large size significantly accelerate the work. Secure materials using simple electric tools.
Required components of the roof - the spillway, whichIt can be made of halved plastic sewer pipes. In any case, the polymer need protection, which will prevent corrosion.
Go to the casing wall
For the outer skin is best suited linings "C" class, which fix windproof layer consisting of vertical beams 25x30 and dense glassine.
It is important! Recommended step in the installation of vertical beams - 30 cm. Do not forget about the processing of wooden parts antiseptic.
Inside the garage is insulated with mineral wool lining and cheaper. The outer cladding is made of siding. The advance provided openings are inserted into double glazing.
Installation of garage doors
Gates for garage can be any: sectional, sliding, sliding, but more often, especially in the implementation of the construction of the home, there are double gates. They are easy to manufacture, reliable and easy.
Dimensions will depend on the dimensions of the cars,Standard Edition - 2.5 meters. From metal angle (65 mm) manufactured inner and outer door frame, which are fastened together by metal strips. If you want to use the top of the frame as a jumper, you need to sew up his vsploshnuyu metal.
sashes made of metal frameProfile (40h25), after the assembly skeleton is sheathed steel sheet 2 mm thick. Metal pins are inserted into the tube, will serve as bolts, the bolts can be used, on the principle of closing the milk cans.
In the manufacture of the gate is important to provide protection against corrosion. Metal treated with sandpaper and file, first covered with varnish, and then paint.
Internal management improvement
That's all. The task called how to build a brick garage, almost resolved, it remains only to think about the internal arrangement. Ceiling sheathed clapboard, on top of it is placed a layer of paper and insulation. On the attic floor lay a board thickness of 25 mm, set a ladder.
You should also think about heating. Everywhere applied spiral heaters are not allowed. Portable industrial heating installation is also not the best option, since they have low heat dissipation. The most effective tool - water heating with individual heat source. The principle of operation is based on the difference in weight of the hot and cold water, whereby there is a unidirectional bed of hot liquid. The water heated in the boiler rises to the upper part, is supplied to the convector, which gives off heat, and is cooled, dropping again enters the boiler.
As an alternative to this type of heating you can use the heater or 2 kW floodlight 500 watts.
It is important! The temperature in the garage should be at around 16 degrees, that is enough for the body work.
That ended the construction of the frame of the garageof wood, and now you're lucky enough to own a reliable home for your car, which will protect it in all weather conditions and provide a comfortable environment for repair should the need arise. Well, if you have not yet decided on the future appearance of the garage, presented a selection of photos will help you with this.