Construction of the garage recognize half of the case,more important of which can only be the formation of the internal space of economic construction. Rational thought-out arrangement of the garage will provide excellent conditions for the owner, conducting many hours here, and for his four-wheel adored property. Boss, devotes an enormous amount of time for machine maintenance, require a comfortable accommodation suitable tools, good lighting, ventilation operating.
- Preparation of the plan - a way to success
- How to create a resettlement plan?
- Finishing the interior space
- Floors with a slope, drainage
- Inspection pit and cellar
- Ceilings and walls
- Insulation and ventilation
- Electrification of garage construction
- Garage doors - an important element of
- Shelves, cabinets, workbenches
Not for nothing called the garage with the Russian men's clubnon-stop operation. Garage - parking space and storage machines, household structure, in which a spare tire, parts, tools, bicycles. It is stored supplies and equipment, unused or prepared to repair the equipment. The versatility of the garage dictates a particular approach to the arrangement, focused on ergonomics rules, security, the creation of a specific order and the formation of comfort.
Ideally, the interior of the garage is divided into some functional zones that in buildings with basements, workshops on the second floor, inspection pits much easier to do. In fact it is a one-story small room will have to carefully consider all so that the tool is required on the situation of the place and he was always at work by hand.
Competent calculation and zoning is necessary tostored in the garage thing and cars do not interfere with travel to Loose sled body is not damaged. In general, the owner will need to make a plan of arrangement.
Preparation of the plan - a way to success
It happens that the owner of the secured trustthe creation of the internal space in the art. But for the majority of motorists equipping the garage with his hands is a personal need, as this building - the place of their favorite activities and heavy hard work.
How to create a resettlement plan?
- Component diagram, drawn plan or sketch of the building structure in three geometric components: length, height, width.
- Selects the type of the gate with the best way to open, taking into account the best option in the aspect of saving space and eliminate the risk of damage to the machine.
- Planned location of car parking space withmaximum convenience, access to parts and systems that require constant care and periodic maintenance. Be sure to calculate the size of the passages around the machine to ensure the free movement around the main object in the garage.
- It determines the possibility of placing benches,shelves, racks, sinks and cabinets for tools and equipment. In small garages attachments thought out, calculated their height and the height of their location in order to provide security for the owner and for the car.
- Choose heat insulation and finishing materials for everything, thought out design.
- Calculate the upcoming costs for the purchase of materials for decoration and construction of improvised devices and purchase of shelves, benches and other items.
Finishing the interior space
Interior decoration in the garage is necessary in orderto facilitate maintenance, construction distribution exclude dust, dirt, and at the same time to protect the structure against premature destruction.
Floors with a slope, drainage
In most cases, representingconcrete slabs, resistant to moisture durable. To prevent contamination of oil-containing compositions, damage from winter road reagents brought into the garage tires, penetration into the pores of the concrete mud treatment helps special mastic. Prevent the appearance of puddles of melting snow drainage system, which is a simple gutter running along the gate.
Garage with basement need to build another drainage located on the outside. It will take liquid precipitation. In floors in the garage should be an easy slope toward the entrance, drainage should be directed into storm network. The flooring in the garage can also be done with a special tile or parquet.
Inspection pit and cellar
Nestle "underground" room onlyIf douse underground structures the water table is well below the level of the floor in the basement. In the construction of the foundation and floor of concrete slabs still in the process of erecting the box left to the vertical hole with a width of 70-80 cm and a length depending on the brand of car. It is necessary to add the length of the distance required for the free falling into the pit when delivered at her car. The height is determined by the host growth, adding to this a dozen centimeters option for convenient holder position in the hole at the bottom of the case and repair sites located there. Gender viewing hole, concurrently playing the role of the basement, usually poured concrete. Made of reinforced concrete structures of the pit wall while performing the function of the foundation, lay bricks.
Ceilings and walls
garage walls plastered or tiled veneer,less clapboard. Decorative figures are not important, so that the internal arrangement of the garage may advantageously be made of any material cost.
The ceiling in the garage can be finished with plaster, revet sheet metal, drywall, paneling.
Insulation and ventilation
Absence of the heat-insulating layer will lead toessential costly heat loss, especially noticeable when used for the erection of a box made of aerated concrete products or bricks. Insulate the building can be mineral wool, special panels, foam.
To construct the insulation system using the frameof bars or metal profile attached by dowels to the ceiling and walls. Niches are filled with insulation. Especially zealous with a heater is not necessary, as the regulatory vehicle storage temperature in any weather period should not exceed 5 ° C. In a heated building with too potent a heat-insulating layer of frost may accumulate condensate, destroying the car body.
Proper arrangement of the garage predeterminesavailability of the ventilation system, removing the smell of corrosive liquids, fuel, exhaust and moisture. Ventilation can be arranged through the installation of mechanical equipment, implementation of supply and exhaust pipe or a simple combination of natural supply and exhaust ventilation scheme with compulsory installation of mechanical devices.
Ventilation viewing hole by installing a separate air supply and exhaust pipe to the outside of the box of the garage.
Electrification of garage construction
Installation location of wiring accessories,switchgear and lighting, grounding must be thoroughly thought out in advance. In addition to general lamps require more light on the bench. In garages with two storey levels and cellar lighting must be installed in each room.
Open way electric cablelaid on top of the walls, hidden in specially made by shtroblenie grooves. All work on the electrification carried out according to the SAE requirements (according to the rules of electrical device). If the owner is unfamiliar with them or not know them at all, it is better to entrust the implementation of works licensed electrician.
Garage doors - an important element of
Gate - a structural element of the garage,providing a simple and convenient departure and return cars to a place that protects the property against criminal infiltration, preventing heat leakage. Garage doors are divided on design features, making the owner of the garage can choose the best option and install:
- Swing the cheapest type of gates with two swing open doors.
- Sliding doors, flaps which act like a door using wardrobe.
- Hoisting-and-over door opening by lifting straight leaf to the ceiling of the garage.
- Sectional design, which folds "refracted" before moving to the side or to the ceiling, folding "accordion".
- Rolling aluminum gates, working on the principle of roller shutters and reminding them.
Shelves, cabinets, workbenches
An important aspect of - competent deviceWorking motorist zone. Now on sale there are ready-made storage systems, by which quickly runs arrangement garage - factory photo metal and plastic comfortable furniture convinces the majority of owners in the acquisition of rationality. All kinds of modular elements, complemented by tool holders, mesh baskets for different little things, small shelves and tables with lots of useful compartments to help organize your workspace perfectly. By analogy can be made shelving, workbench and shelves with their own hands.
Remove the old stuff from under the feet will help installationhooks. To accommodate clothing and overalls will require hangers. Do not forget about the rubber mats, one of which should be put at the bench. Its corrugated surface to increase grip sole with the floor surface, the rubber prevents injuries inflicted by an electric discharge.
Construction - an important component,providing in the garage conditions for secure storage of the machine, to perform repair operations, in order to find the owner of cars and buildings. In the garage, performs the function of parking lots, warehouse, storage and workshop all aspects need to be carefully considered. In a well-furnished garage will be comfortable and safe.