Foundation for the garage

Effective waterproofing the basement - materials for work, methods of application

The effective basement waterproofing

Building safe and strong home directlyIt depends on how well laid the foundation. Make it a durable can only be subject to certain rules and regulations at all stages of development. In particular, one of them - is the foundation waterproofing. Today, the market can offer a large variety of different materials. When carrying out waterproofing of the foundation materials are selected according to environmental conditions, which will be operated by the foundation and its own financial possibilities.

Content

  • Brushable waterproofing materials
  • Roll waterproofing for the foundations
  • Processing structure penetrating insulation compounds

For the foundation, there are two types of hydro-threats. This surface water (rain, snow, etc.) and ground water (groundwater). To protect against surface water creates a blind area, but for the protection of ground water have to use a variety of waterproofing materials. Sometimes in the construction can do without waterproofing, but this decision is flawed for several reasons:

  1. Even when the groundwater level will beat a depth of 1 m or more from the base of the foundation, when the spring flood the ground water level rises to 1-2 meters and above, that would pose a threat to the foundation.
  2. The ground water level has to change its propertythe depth, not only seasonally, but also over the years. This is facilitated by a variety of factors, ranging from soil compaction and density of building and finishing arrangement of drains and water bodies.
  3. When building a house on the ground with waterproofpermeable layers necessary to make high-quality waterproofing. The thing is that on such soil water does not go down, and moves toward the foundation. To waterproof soils include clay, sandy loam and loam.

It is important to know that when the ground water level above the base of the foundation, can not do without creating drainage. He was a little lower water level and thereby reduce the pressure on the foundation.

There are several ways the foundation waterproofing.

Brushable waterproofing materials

This method is one of the easiest and cheapest. The most commonly used mastic asphalt for waterproofing foundation and sealant based on synthetic (rubber) resins, as well as any waterproofing materials based on cement.

Surface waterproofing can be applied using a roller, brush or spatula. It all depends on the type of waterproofing materials.

Bitumen waterproofing the basement

Bitumen waterproofing the basement

Make a waterproofing as follows:

- Clear the area of ​​anything that hinders quality hitch.

- Apply the first layer of waterproofing and give dry.

- Now you can apply a base layer.

At mastic has its pluses and minuses. The advantage is the ease of use and low cost. Of the minuses should be noted a low ductility and mechanical strength, quite a long time is completely dry and damage plant roots.

Roll waterproofing for the foundations

The second name of this process - Okleechnayabasement waterproofing, it is carried out jointly by several persons. To perform this type of waterproofing using such traditional materials such as roofing felt, roofing felt, asphalt and waterproofing, stekloizol, gidrostekloizol, stekloelast Izol, rubiteks, profikrom. Roll waterproofing can be divided into nesamokleyuschuyusya and self-adhesive. For the first option would require a powerful gas burner or the application of hot bitumen, which will be laid and roll waterproofing. Typically, the first method is used when is basement waterproofing or roofing material roofing paper.

Roll basement waterproofing

Roll basement waterproofing

Make a waterproofing as follows:

- Clear the area of ​​anything that hinders quality hitch.

- To roll waterproofing nesamokleyuscheysyaput a layer of hot asphalt mastic, and it is already sticking fabric roofing material or roofing felts. For high-quality waterproofing should be applied at least 2 layer fabric. This is a job for two or three people. One heats the lamp base, and the other two are placed roll.

- Adhesive roll waterproofing can beapplied directly to the surface. Pasting the same principle as that of the wallpaper. A distinctive feature of this type of materials is the high speed application of waterproofing.

Self-adhesive waterproofing the basement

Self-adhesive waterproofing the basement

It is important to know that when pasting roll type waterproofing fabric should be laid overlapping, one another. This achieves a more reliable protection against water.

This type of waterproofing advantages are high durability, resistance to tear and high elongation. Of the minuses - the high cost of materials.

Processing structure penetrating insulation compounds

This method is used mainly fordomestic work and for sealing joints of the foundation. This type of sealing is made on the basis of cement with the addition of specially milled sand and chemically active substances.

Make a waterproofing as follows:

- Clear the area of ​​anything that hinders quality hitch.

- Trowel applied a layer of waterproofing and give dry.

Penetrating waterproofing the basement

Penetrating waterproofing the basement

The principle of operation of this type of waterproofingIt lies in the fact that the sealing process begins when the penetration of water and concrete samozalechivaetsya. The main drawback is very little ductility that the deformation and vibration of the foundation leads to destruction of the integrity of the protective layer.

After laying the main waterproofing layer can further strengthen the foundation of polymeric membranes, drainage and insulation.

A full range of waterproofing materials widelyIt is presented in the company Technonikol. Thanks to the integrated use of materials Technonikol basement waterproofing will get the best protection that will increase the operating life of the foundation and provide the warmth and comfort of home.

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