Thermal insulation and insulation bath
Vigorous steam and healthful glow - esteem is goodinsulated baths, personal hygiene and medical functions at the same time. Create and maintain the advantages of bath buildings will competently made comprehensive insulation bath, thorough compliance with technology and proper selection of insulation for all building structures. Good insulation, working on the principle of a thermos, will provide the required sanitary conditions for the adoption of procedures that form the "healthy" atmosphere. An important argument in favor of the insulation of bath rooms - extension of the structure and operation of the bath equipment, as well as reducing consumption of fuel resources.
- Requirements for thermal insulation bath
- The perfect result - the symbiosis
- The range of materials for thermal insulation
- Insulation materials of natural origin
- Organics for warming bath
- Thermal insulation with mineral composition
- Polymer heaters for baths
- Bath Insulation: Stages
For the construction of baths in the country siteThey are used in virtually all types of existing materials. Saunas are built of timber, foam concrete blocks, prefabricated frame structures, bricks, logs. A lot of variety in the projects bath facilities. Solid standard insufficiently owners are now three branches, which include:
- washing room,
- steam room,
- a comfortable lounge.
Often the owners of suburban landseeking to build on its territory, the leisure complex with a shower, a billiard room, a bedroom on the second floor, equipped with Russian steam bath, or the Scandinavian sauna. Naturally, in each case, warming bath is performed by a special scheme focused on the specifics of the structure of operation, area, number of floors and number of rooms, as well as the selected material for construction.
Requirements for thermal insulation bath
Specific operating conditions of bath buildings predetermine set of requirements for the insulation material.
Selected to optimize the bath insulating qualities of the insulation must be:
- work well in conjunction with construction and finishing materials, improving thermal and technical indicators do not affect their specific advantages;
- different stable strength, not falling from temperature extremes, from the excess vapors from heat;
- prevent the formation and accumulation of condensation, the appearance of destructive factors of biological origin;
- have minimum values of moisture absorption and high insulation parameters;
- have certificates confirming the safety of the sanitary-hygienic and fire criteria;
- not release toxic substances under high temperature operating conditions;
- to ensure ease of installation and the ability to perform thermal insulation of the entire structure without contour deficiencies and gaps, increasing heat loss.
The perfect result - the symbiosis
Effective insulation of bath constructionIt involves the use of several insulating materials. They are used to equip the walls, roof, floor, ceiling, perform internal and external insulation. Many owners decide to equip a bath system "warm floor", which requires the use of special insulation. Some flammable insulation material is not compatible with wooden truss and wood walls, but it works perfectly in tandem with foam concrete blocks or bricks. In general: to equip a bath a good energy-saving layer require the use of several types of insulating products and the use of different technologies.
The range of materials for thermal insulation
Available on the market by manufacturers heatersfor the bath have a different state of aggregation. The arrangement of the bath structure may participate amorphous filling representing granules of different size, light extrusion products, small blocks, randomly arranged or strictly directed fibers connected in a material resembling the cloth. During special insulation mats are used, the plate with increased rigidity, the web material. There is even a heater for a liquid bath, which after application and drying the slurry turns into a polymeric flexible coating.
Often used insulation of bath roomsaluminum foil insulation is performed simultaneously with the function of heat reflector. It is suitable for steam and the washing compartment. Protects the structure and heat-insulating layer can serve as a plastic film, kraft paper, which can be used only in the arrangement of space to relax. To protect the wooden structures suitable kind of "popular" a mixture of sawdust and clay binder aggregate. You can buy a special finished composition having similar properties.
Note. Not recommended for interior arrangement of roofing felt or roofing material, emit harmful toxic compounds when heated.
The range of thermal insulation materials have heaters organic, mineral and synthetic origin. Each of them has its positive and negative quality.
Insulation materials of natural origin
Many centuries baths in Russian villages insulatedmoss, hemp hemp, flax tow, wool felt. Provides excellent natural ventilation materials, many prefer today. Construction red moss is used for caulking joints between crowns, does not rot, it contains antibacterial agents. Those same qualities have Kukushkin flax, sphagnum moss, added in the hemp and flax fiber. These shortcomings include:
- high price;
- the duration of works on warming;
- the likelihood of damage to the moth, mice, birds.
In order to combat this type of pest konopatki can be treated by chemicals, but environmental priorities in these cases are reduced to zero.
Insulation materials made from flax and jute,resistant to decay. Jute felt, batting and linen blended fabric lnodzhutovoe provide the perfect seal, an affordable price thanks to the elasticity of the seams are well closed. Excellent quality products have lnodzhutovye in which the fragility of the balance of the flexible elasticity of jute linen. This is an effective insulation for the walls of the bath timber, it is suitable for work with internal and external sides of buildings. With the help of these materials is carried out insulation grooves and gaps of the structure after the construction of the roof structure. Repeated konopatku performed after shrinkage of wood about a year.
Organics for warming bath
Thermal insulation products with a basis oforganic raw materials made of peat, waste wood production, cane. Wood-fiber, peat, wood-shaving, reed plates are not recommended to place in the area of part of the action of high temperatures. Although the treatment of most types of Arbolito, fiberboard flame retardants, use them to better equip locker room and other facilities for recreation. For exterior cladding are suitable only in regions where there are no more cold -17 degrees.
Thermal insulation with mineral composition
The most economical and practical consideredmineral wool insulation. Their value determines the prevalence of this type of insulation in the field of industrial construction. Different composition and mineral wool made of stone or slag fibers mats are involved in the regeneration of almost all building structures, can be used for thermal insulation of any of the surfaces of bathroom facilities.
Priorities basalt, diabase, limestone, dolomite, and mineral wool:
- fire resistance, ability to prevent the spread of fire;
- high insulation characteristics;
- duration of service life;
- no appreciable deformation during extended use in any environment complexity;
- water-repellent properties.
Made from a special stone wool matsfacilitate the process of warming, reduce terms of work performance. In addition to the simple and convenient installation of the stone and slag material has another weighty advantage: it will not spoil the rodents. Because every stone and basalt insulation for the bath more often equips the floor and the lower floor, which is also dictated by the weight of products.
Specifications and performancebenefits of mineral cotton insulation almost identical to the performance of glass wool. However, a more flexible fiberglass easier to assemble. However, it has a lower limit of resistance to high temperature exposure, but hardly in the bathhouse anyone wants to test the material at + 450 ° C, and the steam in such circumstances, certainly will not be one.
Polymer heaters for baths
Light, practical and easy to install,synthetic insulation materials steadfastly resist moisture and heat. Those wishing to make thermal insulation can make use of three types of insulation materials made on the basis of plastics, it is:
- foams and cellular foam structure;
- cellular plastic insulation;
- porous foams.
Insulating polymers, such as polyurethane foam,Pressed or extruded polystyrene foam features an excellent combination of low bulk density with high thermal protection properties. They do not absorb moisture, are characterized by high strength and long-term impeccable service. The currently available versions of these products contain flame retardants as additives. They do not burn, they have the property of preventing the spread of fire, they are self-damped when a random spark hits the surface. Non-combustible plastic heaters are suitable for the arrangement of floors, the execution of the external cladding of the bath with a heater.
In a series of foam insulation materials are notrecently took the foam glass, it embodies the best qualities of stone wool and foams. Durable, non-flammable, water-proof insulation is easy to "cut" a saw or a knife, attach to surfaces. Thermal insulation polymer materials should be carried out in conjunction with the mandatory use of vapor barrier, without which on a heater may accumulate condensate.
Bath Insulation: Stages
All kinds of works to improve the insulationcharacteristics of the bath building is divided into the implementation of the internal and external insulation. Begin to equip the surface layer of insulation is still under construction. The work is performed in the following sequence:
- Thermal insulation of the basement and the floor, which mayused stone or slag wool, expanded clay or other amorphous insulating material, expanded polystyrene, any kind of synthetic insulators in the form of mats or panels;
- Warming surface load-bearing walls and partitions inside. Facilities operated in different temperature and humidity conditions, developing are different types of heaters;
- The insulation of the ceiling surface. Effective insulation for the ceiling bath hiding from the subsequent cladding layervapor barrier material. For a variety of insulation materials, equipped with one side of a metal foil that increases the insulating performance, insulation resistance and has the effect of reflection of thermal waves.
- Work on the roof insulation, predetermine the use of heat and waterproofing materials.
The final stage of construction insulation of bathIt is thermal insulation of external bearing walls and finishing with a lining or using a block house, plaster, paneling, facing bricks, decorative stone and others. They not only perform the function of a respectable finish, but also increase in its thermal insulation of all parameters.
Properly made heat insulation of bathConstruction will provide a comfortable environment for hygienic procedures will reduce the costs required to generate the required temperature and humidity conditions. Insulation protects building materials and heating equipment from premature wear. The key to successful operation and long service life of thermal insulation systems will become competent selection of heaters.