Steam from a bar with your hands
Currently, one can construct a bath ofvarious building materials offered on the market today. The main criteria that influence the choice of becoming your own preferences, financial resources and experience with a particular material. Private bath can embody your design decisions. A traditional Russian sauna is made only of wood - logs, lumber or logs, embodying all the advantages of a natural material. The simplest construction technology characterized by a bath from a bar, which combines the natural flavor of wood and clouds of steam, allowing you to relax after working days.
- Advantages of the boathouses of timber
- How to choose a place to build
- The choice of material, signs of marriage
- Construction bath from a bar: the steps
- Foundation for a bath from a bar
- Laying the first wreath log
- The construction of floors and walls
- The device of door and window openings
- The final phase of construction
- The construction of the roof structure
- Recent trends in the construction of baths from the beam
Advantages of the boathouses of timber
Why do so many choose to build it timber, rather than other materials?
- First, the timber is an environmentally friendly and safe material that does not contain harmful impurities;
- Secondly, the construction of a bath from a bar with your hands does not take much time and is available almost anyone with a little experience with materials and tools;
- Third, the timber fits well into the ranks, almost does not shrink, well it retains heat.
It should be noted that the device of the walls of the bathtimber is carried out directly on the foundation that distinguishes the technology of erection of the construction technology of the bath timber, for which the first log is adjusted on the ground, and only then transfer them to the foundation. Another difference is the chosen material that is easy enough to calculate how much to beam in a bath. Bruce - comfortable material, which does not require the help of experts at packing, so the construction of baths from the beam can be considered cost-effective.
How to choose a place to build
The correct location for the bath of the timber isimportant aspect of the initial stage of construction. Great influence on him have many factors which include the type of soil, the topography, the presence of sewage and water supply system, the presence of the drainage system, the location of nearby buildings. The bath should be placed at the site, which has a natural slope-sided, which makes it possible to achieve a good outflow of the discharged water. Naturally, by the bias should not have any facilities and buildings.
If it is possible to arrange a bath ofbar in the vicinity of an artificial pond on the site, you should definitely take advantage of it. After throwing a great pleasure to swim in the cool water of the pond.
Be sure to pay attention to the future waste water baths are not brought inconvenience to tenants of houses or cottages, located on adjacent sites.
The choice of material, signs of marriage
When choosing the material of which will be builtbath from a bar with your hands, it is important to pay attention to its quality characteristics and defects. Wood should be well treated and prepared. Selected for the construction of timber should be smooth and flat, or when laying wreaths allow for the possibility of adverse issues that can move the construction time. Only when using the high quality material, you can achieve good performance.
To bath operation was long andtrouble-free, before the start of the construction work necessary to reject the bad and the damaged timber. Consider the main points to consider when choosing a high-quality material from which erected lumber baths:
- On the surface of the timber and the ends should be no noticeable signs of decay, which manifest themselves in the form of blue;
- The material should be free of deep cracks. Beam having a crack to half the thickness should not be taken to the work;
- timber surface must not be damaged by pests. In the presence of traces of destruction bugs (wormholes), going to the core of the timber, the material shall be subject to rejection.
Undamaged areas of rejected timber should be used for the creation of small items, such as window and door frames, wooden garden furniture, laths, floor boards and others.
It is important! Of course, if the material shows signs of rot formations or bugs, it is better not to use, so as not to compromise the quality building material contamination.
If we pay attention to the choice of tree species,the need to adhere to the following guidelines. Lower crowns to be put out of larch, and the rest - from the wood of other coniferous species. Larch is characterized by the preservation of their properties under the influence of a damp environment, less decay, and higher levels of water and heat insulation.
Construction bath from a bar: the steps
Foundation for a bath from a bar
When laying the foundation for a bath useColumnar or ribbon method. Each of them has its own characteristics, which have a decisive role in the choice of a particular method. In a situation where the room is being built on a stony or clay soils, characterized by groundwater location sufficient depth, it is recommended to use the columnar method of laying the foundation. If the groundwater is close to the surface or the ground is soft then the best option would be the use of tape method.
Pier foundation is laid to traditionalmethod. On the perimeter, the corners and at the point where the internal load-bearing walls are exposed brick columns, usually in half meter intervals. In some cases, allowed to increase the gap between the support poles to two meters. When the device of the foundation in this manner for each post must be filled with concrete "pad."
Strip foundation is characterized by a deviceformwork, after which the surface is filled with concrete up to the level soil freezing. There should be the height of the foundation at least 50 cm above the ground, that will provide protection from the effects of the lower rims of excess moisture. Start of work on the laying of the first log crowns possible after the final pour of concrete, approximately 2-3 weeks.
Any of The process requires the strengthening of the foundation reinforcement, whereby increasing the strength of the whole structure and creates a sturdy mount for the lower crowns framework.
Continuous operation is possible only whenwell-organized waterproofing baths of timber - photo schematically illustrating the execution of the event, allowing a more complete picture. Between the plinth foundation baths and lower crown compulsory lay waterproofing material in two layers. At the foundation is applied to the surface of the molten asphalt, and then fully veiled roofing material. The process is repeated after drying the first layer of bitumen.
Laying the first wreath log
Stage laying wreath laying begins withDevice thin wooden slats, pre-treated with antiseptic, over the entire surface of the foundation plinth. This layer provides additional protection to the first rows of timber against moisture. The space between the slats is filled with foam or insulation. At this stage, carefully checked the horizontal flatness using a level.
The first row is made of thicker timber,because it must withstand the weight of the entire structure. Most often used for laying the crown beam with a cross section of 200x200 mm, the following rims - 150x150 mm. Laying log spend not too tight, as the material will give a little shrinkage and compacted. Lower crown that is placed on the foundation, is not fixed, as the gravity of the upper series provides the necessary strength.
Brus carefully adjusted in length, after whichthe ends of the cuttings are made. Performing these tasks requires a special precision and accuracy. Connection bars lower crown made after verification of compliance with all the required parameters, the resulting space between the beam and the foundation should be filled with insulation.
Mortgage crown carcass baths compulsorily subjected antiseptic treatment, special attention is paid to the place of its fit to the foundation.
The construction of floors and walls
When assembling the floor should be noted that for the removal of water from the surface to do a small slope of 3-4 degrees. At this stage, on the foundation set lag, which then attach the floorboards.
Square log walls of the bath are added in a specificorder. Crowns carefully aligned horizontally, fastened together with metal pins or wooden pins. Fasteners driven into special discharge openings, which should match the diameter of the fastening pins.
Between the bars for thermal insulation is laid insulation (eg, hemp, jute, moss). The height of the wall should not be too large, since a large area is difficult to heat.
The device of door and window openings
After the erection of the walls and the floor start toinstallation of door and window frames. In places intended for windows and doors, walls when laying out timber is left small gaps. After log shrinkage in the planned locations of the hole corresponding to the parameters of door and window frames.
The final phase of construction
The final stage of construction of the bath timberconsidered to be the training log shrinkage, which lasts at least six months. After preparing the carcass on the top crowns are placed a number of boards, which is completely covered with slate or roofing material. After a period of time laid perform finishing work and produce the final landscaping baths.
The construction of the roof structure
The roof for the bath is pent or gabled. The first type is well suited for small baths, it differs a cheaper cost of production. Roofs of the second type are characterized by a more complex structure, successfully applied for larger structures, such as for a bath from a bar with a loft.
Recent trends in the construction of baths from the beam
In recent years, great demand bathsof the two-storey timber, combine the functions of a traditional bath and living quarters. And finally, as the inside looks like a modern room of the timber - photo interiors.