How is the roof of the bath with his hands
Wet duhovity pairs, birch and oakbrooms, welcoming aroma of hot wood - all this is a very special atmosphere bath, in which a person is not just clean, but enjoys the process. Roof for a bath - an important element, it is lighter than that of residential buildings, and has its own characteristics. Therefore, it is necessary to know the building and, more importantly, take into account the set of requirements and nuances.
- Types of roof structures
- Standard building blocks
- The range of roofing materials
- Phased construction of the roof to the bath
- Shelter slate roof
- Thermal insulation work
- The green roof - the original decision
Types of roof structures
The final stage of the construction of a bath - constructionand, if desired, insulation of the roof. Depending on the size of the room, materials for walls, foundation type and nature of the terrain on the roof of the bath may have a different shape and design. The role of the roof can not be overstated, since it is a guarantee of effective protection from wind, rain, snow, heat and maximum savings.
Practical gable roof
If the bath area greater than 12 square meters. m.And a separate building, it is advisable to choose a gable roof. Plus, such a coating provides essentially presence loft. It is more attractive appearance and more functional. And a stable and economical in terms of materials consumption.
To avoid excessive accumulation of snowareas with a predominance of rainfall, the roof has a slope of 45 degrees. And in the open areas (in the steppe and forest-steppe) erected flatter design to prevent the sail from the devastating impact of strong winds.
Features pent roof
In the case where a part of a bath roomanother building that is an extension, it is acceptable for a bath pent roof. Its slope ranges 30-60 degrees depending on the type of roofing material and the climatic conditions.
It should be noted that there are pitched roofsattic and without the attic. As a rule, the first cold, without insulation, and the latter can be cold (if the room is unheated) and warm (respectively, over the heated baths). The attic can be used for storing household equipment, for drying clothes and brooms.
Performing construction bathhouse roof, it must be rememberedand understand that the most reliable and robust design is considered easy to assemble. Mnogoskatnaya roof is characterized by complicated process of work and increased costs. There are people who are willing to stand by any means, and come up with the most intricate elements (tabs, breaks), of course, superficially, it looks exquisite, beautiful and spectacular. But there is another side: significantly increased weight, and this fact may in the future adversely affect the operation of the premises duration.
Standard building blocks
To learn how to build a roof for the bath with his hands, should be thoroughly familiar with the basic elements:
- rafter (hanging and inclined);
Truss can be collected onLog buildings baths or possible that the truss is going on the ground and then mounted on the frame. Rafter should be as firmly associated with the walls and the supporting elements, such as the trick will protect against the demolition of the roof in the event of strong winds.
Important: as the fixture is very convenient to use threaded rods, clamps or steel wire.
Lathing can be carried out as a continuous sheetor gaps between the bars (planks). It depends on the type of roofing material, such as a roofing material is desired solid sheathing with a minimum gap, and a bituminous sheet of wave length is allowed - 15-25 cm.
Important: If the roof covering is of metal or flat asbestos-cement slate, the crate should be in the form of a continuous sheet.
The range of roofing materials
The roof cover bath? There are many solutions as the building materials market offers a huge selection. But any way, the roofing material must be durable, reliable, durable and functional. This article will address the most well-known.
Durable metal roof
It is divided into two types: using galvanized steel and non-ferrous metals. Quite popular material - steel roofing. It can withstand high loads, easy to use and relatively inexpensive. A non-ferrous metal is most frequently used copper, zinc, titanium, aluminum. Their main advantage - durability and corrosion.
Roof: the benefits
This type of roof is relevant for flat roof. It may be polymeric roofing sheets that are rolled into a roll or roofing mastic, representing a seamless material. Polymeric compositions useful improve coating quality and its complement other advantages in the production of the roof. Its service life - 30-50 years.
Roof tile - a tradition
Ceramic tile and asphalt, as well asmetal differ from each other and have their pros / cons. But any kind of roof tile must fulfill the main task - not only to protect the space from the environment, but also to create a harmonious look.
Onduline - modern solution
It is easy to use andductility indices expanding range of applications, because ondulin can be used in the roof of the roof with curved forms. Its main advantage - low price and high performance operation.
The most modern materials, it can be saidnovelty, has excellent light transmitting and light-scattering properties. In the bath, creating an atmosphere of comfort and coziness, which is based on natural lighting. The level of light intensity can be controlled, one need only select panel according to color, texture and thickness.
Phased construction of the roof to the bath
How to make the roof of the bath? For this it is necessary to build a support structure and to equip the roof. Bearing frame - trusses and purlins and roof - sheathing layer and water shutoff.
- The roof on the bath with his hands begins with placing the beams in the upper stud wall, which will serve as a support. If the project provides the attic, the ceiling joists are fixed in the sockets.
Note: at this stage it is necessary to comply with horizontal mounting beams.
- This wooden blocks must not protrude beyond the wall spanning more than 0.5 m, because then need to install additional support pillar.
- Further support members are mounted woodenrafter in the form of bars, logs or boards, adherence to all building regulations. With the help of metal or wooden linings executed attachment.
Important: the distance between the rafters must not exceed 1 m.
- The "ridge" roof cut away parts and butt joined.
- If the roof is covered with the bath roomweb material, it requires the prior construction of wooden flooring on the frame. And in the case of sheets of slate or tiles need manufacturing of timber battens. It is mounted in this order: fixed near the ridge board, and then she nailed crate (top to bottom).
- Skate closed galvanized material or workpieces made of asbestos.
- How to make the roof of the bath is clear, we can proceed to registration of the gables. They can be sewn or clapboard siding, it depends on the taste of the owner.
- If there is attic space, it is necessary to leave the ends of the openings for windows and doors. They can be arranged on the one hand, and with a gentle slope in a desirable location different ends.
Shelter slate roof
I would like to elaborate on the roofing.
- Laying roofing material - a guide is a side edge of the first strip. This dressmaking roofing is done with an allowance of 10-15 cm, so as not to miscalculate the length of the ramp.
Important: stacking technology should be of high quality, without waves.
- Marker marked edges that protrude beyond the edge of crates, and then cut off.
- The first sheet is fixed by special buttons (to the wind not blown).
- The second laid overlapping (8-10 cm).
- Furthermore it is advisable to pre-cut into halves slate sheets.
- Manufacture of skates of two planed boards or galvanized iron. Also, these products can be bought in shops.
Thermal insulation work
how insulate the roof of the bathBecause it is also an important process? The simplest option - laying insulation between the rafters.
Isolation, without necessarily must be solidpresence of the slits in the connecting zones (with the wall tubes and other structures). Also, do not forget about respecting the thickness of the air gap (not less than 2 cm).
The insulation material must not sag,it is necessary for good ventilation. If the design is flat, it is rational to improve the ventilation process with bars, that is, having increased their rafters.
Note: there is another option - the separation insulation and laying one piece between the rafters, and another underneath.
Today Bath roof insulation submitted comfortable waterproofing systemswhich consists of insulating panels with excellent protection from moisture. The use of such systems eliminates a level of circulation, as laying a waterproofing of the roof is not necessary.
Important: significant time when installing insulating panels - creation from the inside layer, which will not pass steam.
The insulation is placed above or below the roofparts and the individual parts are joined in a seam. It should be understood that the laying of the material under the rafters reduces the attic space. Therefore it is better to insulate the roof above the rails, that is, the structural elements of the roof will remain visible. Open rafters can be used as an additional element of decor, if you want to design the interior of the attic space.
The green roof - the original decision
This option is popular in Europe, and this tradition has been extended to Russia.
Making such a roof is simple: flooring, roofing material coated with two layers of turf. The lower layer is laid up roots, upper vice versa. Courtship in such exotic roof is the same as the green lawn.
Important: slope of turf roofs quite shallow - no more than 10 degrees.
This publication has been considered: how to build the roof of the bath; adhering to these recommendations can be made on their own roof, without the help of professionals. The main thing is to do everything on the conscience, then the roof with his hands in the bath will serve long.