Frame bath with his hands
I would like to take a steam bath, and no money forBuilding structures made of bricks and logs? Then it fits perfectly Bath skeleton hands. For its construction does not need expensive materials and competent figures. This option is by far the most advantageous in terms of the flow of money and time. And the benefit is obvious: material savings doubled and quick erection.
- The list of advantages and disadvantages
- Vapor - design protection
- Thermal insulation - minimum heat loss
- The choice of wood - a case in point
- Stages of construction framing baths
- The foundation for the frame construction
- The device sill
- The sequence of building walls
- Roof - the next step
- Finish - completes the process
The list of advantages and disadvantages
Prefab baths have an important advantage - the walls are not subject to shrinkage, and the structure is obtained very easily by using modern high-quality insulation.
High speed of construction, and technologyspecific: it is possible simultaneously to finish the bath inside and out. The frame is going to a few days and finishing works and installation of heating equipment takes a couple of weeks.
Bath shield frame - a unique view of the baths, sheReliable, durable and very popular in Canada, USA. Her term of service is less than brick construction, but perfectly constructed frame building is over 100 years old. This figure is confirmed by the fact that in Europe there are structures erected 2 centuries ago.
A significant advantage - many variations of external and internal finishes. For example, it may be outside siding, tiles, plain boards and even plaster.
The specifics of the processes allows to hide all the equipment on the wall: automation components, pipes.
And, of course, the cost of the project framework baths are much lower than those of brick and timbered baths.
Along with the benefits there is one drawback -humidity. It penetrates during rain and snowfall in the design of the slot and can be stored inside the frame. But knowing the nuances and subtleties of the construction process, it is possible to avoid such adverse events.
Vapor - design protection
Is it possible to avoid condensation? And how to build a framework bath, which will be used in the winter time? Undoubtedly, the moisture brings a lot of harm to the general state of the construction, in order to preserve the original state of the bath, you need to take care of the vapor barrier. For this purpose, perfect asphalt and special insulation film. These materials are placed between the insulation and the internal lining of the room.
Important: roofing material as a vapor barrier material used is not desirable, because when heated it emits odor.
Thermal insulation - minimum heat loss
Frame bath requires a good thermal insulation,to ensure the integrity and to reduce to a minimum the heat loss performance. These baths have a low thermal conductivity, so the proper organization of steam is essential.
Important: The leak should not interfere with normal air exchange.
The most common bath insulated with mineral wool or fiberglass, as these materials have good thermal conductivity and are considered the best.
The choice of wood - a case in point
Frame sauna in the country have to beconstructed from the dried wood, for example, aspen, larch, linden. These rocks have a low heat conductivity and a long time retain the pristine structure of the form. With the construction of the wall board used (thickness - 2-3 cm), for the external cladding can take the boards from pine and larch, and the internal select a different version of the breed.
Important: When the internal paneling boards are arranged vertically.
Stages of construction framing baths
Before proceeding to the construction and establishment of the project, it is necessary to analyze these details:
- the location of a future bath: it will be a separate room or a continuation of the building;
- choice of land for construction;
- definition of the type of soil on the site;
Thereafter the carcass can be designed baththat is, to determine the location of the furnace, chimney, porch, ventilation and choose the type of roof. Many people want to have a good frame bath - projects are an important component, because the more parts will be designed, the easier it will continue to promote the construction of the structure.
Important: when such inferences cause difficulties, it is best to seek help from professionals or construction company.
The foundation for the frame construction
Since the frame structure is light, thenfoundation itself can be manufactured by a simplified procedure. The most suitable option - pier foundation of asbestos pipes that are filled with concrete.
The essence of the work is as follows:
- purchase four-meter asbestos cement pipes (diameter 100 mm);
- using benzobura drilled hole - depth of 1.5 m, a diameter of 200 mm;
- tubes are cut into equal halves and inserted into pre-drilled wells. Then around them is filled with sand, later he thoroughly compacted.
Important: grout consists of the following components: cement, sifted sand, fine gravel and water.
- the resulting mixture filled tubing set.
The device sill
Usually it is made of several edging boards,knock together to each other (section 50 × 150 mm). After finishing this work in harness cut into logs, made from planks. They are intended for a floor.
Do not forget about the carefulWaterproofing of this part of the building. For this, pieces of ruberoid are placed under the harness and sex lag. To give the structure additional strength, lags and strapping are fixed on the foundation pipes with pre-immured metal plates.
Then, the resulting design should be treated with a special solution (several times): Provides high-quality wood protection against insects and rot.
The sequence of building walls
Before this stage, the material has to lie down and dry thoroughly. Then, according to the project should be prepared from the same frame racks of boards and details of truss construction for the roof.
Then, the installation location is marked frame racks and then you can start the final assembly of the frame. Installation takes place in the following order:
- installation of two corner posts and several intermediate;
- from one corner of the selected frame is sheathed with oriented strand board (they are set according to the level and the screws fixed to the frame);
- installation of several racks, which are sheathed similarly.
In this way, that is by sequentially adding racks and attachment thereto and OSB panels are assembled integral structure. Of course, you will need to take into account the openings of windows and doors.
Roof - the next step
During the construction of the carcass baths all truss structure assembled on the ground, according to a uniform pattern. They took turns to climb the roof, each placed on his desk.
Important: Before you install the latest farm need for her to spend the markup - to designate the form of sheets of OSB. They are sheathed with a pediment.
For more practical in carrying out assembly work, it is desirable to lay on beams peculiar temporal overlap. For this purpose, suitable conventional boards.
The best thing would be to operate the roofventilated. In the space between the rafters and laid kontrbrusom special film and crate stuffed directly on the board. The material is optimally suited ondulin.
When the work is finished and the roof gables are closed (pre-prepared sheets), it remains to window and door frames in the provided openings.
Finish - completes the process
Construction framing a bath - is not just aestablishment of a reliable and sturdy design, but also carrying out finishing works. Outside it is sheathed pine or spruce boards. They are mounted in a horizontal position, since this method provides additional rigidity and stability of bath. Also often used, and other variations of the compounds, for example, placing butt boards. Then, under a covering layer of waterproofing is laid and the space is filled with insulating material.
With regard to the inner cladding, it isguarantee of protection from environmental influences. Rough ceiling is made of the same sheets of OSB, which are fixed on the beams from the bottom floors.
Important: for thermal insulation is placed three layers of insulation.
In the area where you want to steam in the piers fit the screen foil, and the remaining walls are closed Pergamino.
Thereafter, the joists are nailed boards,inverted on the front side (you can take the ones that are used as forests). The steam bath is usually set oven stove, and from the waiting room - the heating boiler.
On fire safety regulations do not forget, so part of the wall that shuts the steam room of the recreation rooms, spread from building bricks.
As already mentioned, the construction of frame typevery convenient in terms of finish, it is possible to carry out the work at once inside and outside. For this reason, if there is a forced break can be prepared skeletons of partitions, their stud Block Houses or lining made of natural wood. So time is not lost in vain, and will be carried out with use.
Important: it is desirable for greater convenience to equip the ceiling hatch with a ladder.
In the steam room the level of the ceiling can be lowered toindicator 2.1 m, it will give the opportunity to spend additional insulation and upholster it "clean" lime lining. From this material it is recommended shelf manufacturer.
Prefab baths with their own hands - a distinct advantage: the economy, the rate of construction and a beautiful building. They can be a year to bathe and admire the walls, created by their own efforts.