Construction bath made of bricks with their hands
Build a bath at their summer cottage orgardening area country cottage wishes each owner, because no modern showers, bathtubs, whirlpool not replace a curative effect Russian steam bath. As a building material used is wood, brick, concrete blocks. Constructed of brick bath yields similar wooden structures on the thermal conductivity, but wins on durability and fire safety. To reduce costs for the purchase of bricks used special methods of masonry, providing the presence of the wall cavities, which are filled with a low-cost building materials. This increases the thermal and technical performance of the entire structure.
- Choosing a brick bathhouse project
- The device strip foundation
- Execution of steps
- Construction of a brick building
- Methods bricklaying
- Specificity angles facilities
- Masonry of solid brick walls
- Laying above the openings of windows and doors
- Finishing brick walls baths
- Baths of bricks: a selection of photos
Choosing a brick bathhouse project
At the initial stage of land selected forconstruction of the object. Based on its size and preferences of family members of the dimensions of the future structure, approved by the end of the project bath brick. This document should provide detailed drawings showing the exact dimensions of all walls of the capital and interior partitions. Ideally, the design documentation must be requested from the experts, but you can use ready-made projects, placed on the Internet or borrowed from friends. In a carefully designed draft shall be provided the necessary building materials, reaching as construction of the bath of bricks and all kinds of its internal trim and exterior trim.
Important! Projects brick baths great attention is paid to thermal insulation to minimize heat loss possible. This insulated not only walls, but also the ceiling, floor, window and door openings.
The device strip foundation
Construction bath brick requires devicesunder all load-bearing structures secure a foundation base. To the walls did not go cracks, spend laying the strip foundation, which is able to support their weight.
The materials used corpulentred brick, rubble stone, cinder or concrete blocks. If there are sufficient financial resources can be poured and reinforced concrete foundation.
Important! When laying the foundation do not forget the depth of soil freezing in your area. From this figure will depend on the depth of the excavated trench. When calculating the width of the foundation are repelled from the thickness of the walls, adding to the value of a couple of tens of centimeters.
Execution of steps
- At the bottom of the compacted excavated trench is poured a layer of sand with a thickness must be at least 15 cm. Sand layer spill water and carefully tamped.
- Next fit crushed stone layer, the thickness of which should be the same. Also spend his rammer.
- After preparing the sand and crushed stone foundation is laid rubble stones and pour them with concrete mix.
- After drying, the concrete is laid a layer of waterproofing of roofing material.
- Further, elevated plinth, for which alreadyuse a full-bodied red brick. The height of the basement masonry bricks is 4-5. At the same time do not forget one of the rows of brick make the ventilation holes - the air holes.
Construction of a brick building
build bath with his hands brick masonry can be several ways. At the same time resorting to the use of single-row or multi-row system dressings. Preference is given to most of them first, as it is characterized by simplicity of execution, but it is strong enough. An important argument in favor of choosing the brickwork on the single-row system of bandaging a small wall thickness of the object.
Brick ranks depending on the location of the individual elements (bricks) can be:
- stretcher (bricks lie against the wall);
- tychkovymi (the bricks are laid across the walls).
Alternating rows of these species and underliessingle-row system dressings. Thus it is possible to block the vertical joints of the previous row of bricks the next. The quality of a bricklaying depends on the correct device corners and piers, which are beginning to spread trehchetvertinkami brick. angle stacking technology also provides for the need of putting some on the one hand "spoons" and the other - "butting".
In some cases, for walls Bathchoose kolodtsevoy masonry, which involves placing inside a warming filling of bulk materials such as fine slag sand with a dash of sawdust, expanded clay. Masonry walls when this embodiment provides for the transverse walls arranged every three bricks. Fill the void as soon as the growth of the walls, and the filler is carried ramming through every 10-15 cm. In this case, every third layer is poured lime solution having a creamy consistency.
During the bricks appear, or nadbityehave any other defect which is used for laying of walls and corners. For these purposes use the halves, or quarters trehchetvertinki bricks. To get the right size, cut brick with a hammer-kirochka.
Important! To avoid large amounts of waste bricks, necessary to calculate the length and width of the walls to the size of the selected material for construction of the bath. These values must be evenly divisible by 75 mm, if the selected brick 24h12h65 mm, and 100 mm when using brick 24h12h88 mm.
Specificity angles facilities
Brick Bath erected starts with layingcorners that connect the cord-prichalku serving as a reference point for a number of masonry bricks. Use of a cord-prichalku allows for horizontal straightness of rows and masonry, as well as the same thickness all the seams horizontally supported. To comply with the right angle using the building square, level, as well as the rule.
Masonry of solid brick walls
For quick bricklaying need to have the skill,that comes only with experience. To built a brick room with his hands was strong, it is necessary to properly prepare the solution used to bond bricks. Thus it is impossible to avoid premature solidification, therefore it is spread thin surface layer of the previous row (20-25 mm) and a distance not more than a meter.
This solution will reduce waste and reduceWork on alignment, which is carried out with a trowel. This builder is necessary to monitor the quality of welds obtained by paying attention to their thickness and uniformity of the seal, filling mortar and correct ligation.
Laying above the openings of windows and doors
Above the openings of windows and doors need to performjumper. During the construction of baths using the simplest of ordinary jumper. It is ideal for bridging spans the width of which is less than two meters. When vykladyvanii ordinary jumpers comply with horizontal rows and all the rules of dressing, operating for normal masonry. Jumper height reaches 6-9 rows of masonry, and the length should be half a meter more than the width of the opening. For putting some jumpers using only selected brick that is placed on the brand solution is not less than 25.
The device involves the use of jumpersformwork made of boards with a thickness of 40-50 mm. With direct installation of window and door frames on the walls, they can be used as formwork. However, at the same time protect the wooden elements of a layer of roofing material. In front of rows of masonry formwork jumpers cause 20-mm layer of cement mortar, which is recessed fittings in the form of metal rods with a diameter 4-6mm. The ends of the armature must go beyond the edge of the opening of more than 25 cm, while its ends are folded around the brick. Withstand rows jumper on the formwork, depending on air temperature from 12 to 24 days.
Finishing brick walls baths
Finishing brick walls is carried out byplastering. To this end, the wall surface of a metal grid attached which holds deposited sand-cement mixture. When plating bath paneling interior walls plastering passed. Metal profiles or wooden slats attached to the wall with dowels or nails that are hammered into the pre-mounted in a wall of wooden plugs. Between the lining and wall insulation are placed in visible foil or slab material. If you select the horizontal boards for the walls can be used as a heater bulk concrete block.
Baths of bricks: a selection of photos
Construction bath brick requirestraining. Therefore, even in the construction of the object with your hands need to hire helpers competent expert who knows the intricacies of working with brick and other materials. In this case, it is able to save money on attracting builders brigade and at the same time ensure the quality of implementation of all necessary work.