Tiles for bathroom - how to choose and place
The specifics of the room dictates the conditions forselection of finishing materials. Sauna - a room with high humidity and severe temperature changes. If the sauna is an ideal material tree (basswood or aspen), for the vestibule, the changing room, showers, rest rooms for the best finishing material will be facing tile. Because tile is resistant to temperature changes, resistant to increased humidity, easy to clean, and most importantly, it is absolutely harmless to health, when heated it does not emit harmful substances. But as you know, tile is different. It varies not only the shape, color, size, surface texture, and also different performance characteristics. What kind of tile for the bath is best suited? - Try to understand.
- How to choose the right tile for a bath?
- Tools and materials for laying tiles in the bath
- Operation in stages
How to choose the right tile for a bath?
When choosing tile, first of all we would like to drawattention to the color, pattern, texture, shape. But if the tile is selected in the bath, the more important indicators of material are durability and water absorption.
In accordance with European standardsClassification, tiles on the floor in the bath should be chosen with the lowest moisture absorption, because it is in constant contact with water. The higher the porosity of the tiles, the more it absorbs moisture. Tiles with low water absorption (A I and B I) is more dense, it is difficult to cut. The porosity depends on the initial composition of the mixture of clay, as well as the manufacturing method. Tiles can be made by extrusion (denoted by "A") or compression ( "B"). Extrusion involves extruding dough through a special molding machine and cutting to the desired size (you can get the tiles of various shapes, each tile will be exactly repeat the previous). During compression, each tile formed from the ceramic mass under pressure.
When buying tiles, should alsopay attention to its geometry, that is, the correct form - plane angles and speed. Uneven tile is very difficult to stack. It is difficult to define "by eye" if flat tiles, but there is one simple way - two tiles stacked together "face to face", if they are in close contact with one another throughout the plane and the angles are the same - good tiles.
Tile sex in the bath subjected to the most severe effects,so the requirements for it higher than the tile for the walls. Typically, the floor in the bath constantly wet so selected tile with the lowest water absorption, wear resistance and the highest strength. Also, for the bath floor tile must not be slippery. It is preferable to choose a tile with a rough surface.
An important point is the choice of tileglue. Tiling adhesive bath should be moisture resistant and have good bonding properties. Especially quality should be the glue when gluing tiles on old ceramic tile or glass. In addition, the prepared adhesive solution must not rapidly solidify to be able to adjust the position of alignment glued tiles.
Tools and materials for laying tiles in the bath
So, we need:
- wall tiles;
- adhesive mixture for the tile;
- tier line;
- rubber hammer (mallet);
- container breeding of glue;
- Drill with mixer;
- a bowl of water for soaking the tiles;
- Plastic crosses;
- fishing line or twine;
Operation in stages
Laying the tiles in the bath is practically the samefrom facing any other premises. Is that to ensure the flow of water on the floor tiles in the bath can be laid with a slope. First of all, it is necessary to prepare the surface for tiling. The walls and the floor is cleaned of dirt and peeling. If necessary, level the uneven floor screed and the walls - plaster. The next step - a breakdown of the surface, which is set on the surface of the perimeter of the beacons, between which pull the fishing line or twine, which will be checked by the evenness of tile. If you intend to pattern styling, pre must make a detailed layout of the tiles.
Note. Tiles before laying must be wet, which it is placed in a container with water. Let the tiles will be in the water until out of it will not cease to leave air bubbles. The adhesive composition for a tile is better to plant in a plastic container, mixing with an electric drill with a mixer until smooth.
As the wall and floor tile layingThey start from the corner. On the prepared surface is applied tile adhesive on which the tiles will be laid. Since the adhesive mixture hardens very quickly and becomes unfit for use, it is applied to the surface area for bonding one tile.
Screed glue across the stacking areasoaked in water with a notched trowel. It is important that an adhesive thickness was not more than the thickness of the tile. Then stick the tiles, tapping gently with a rubber mallet, aligning it with the layered line.
Between the stacked tiles are inserted special plastic crosses of the same size, they will help set the same gap between adjacent tiles.
Remnants of glue on the edges is removed with a spatula, afterthen begin to install the next tile. During installation it is necessary to constantly monitor the evenness of the series and the plane surface (checked using fishing line and line-level).
After complete hardening of glue plasticcrosses removed, the seams between the tiles close up a special grout with a rubber spatula. You can use the grout in a contrasting color with respect to the primary color tiles. Or apply the grout with a tile one tone - it is a matter of personal preference. The remains of grout is wiped with a wet sponge.
As you can see, ceramic tile in the bath morerelevant finishing material, because of its numerous advantages (durability, strength, attractive appearance, resistance to temperature changes). Laying the tiles in the bath repeats in general terms the process of decorating the tiles any other premises. It is important to only take responsibility for the choice of materials with the desired characteristics.