Brick oven for baths
The traditional material used in the construction of furnaces baths, a brick. While the modern market offers a hugechoice of building materials for the sauna stoves, brick stove for baths gained the most widespread. The construction of the oven with his own hands is not very complicated process, requiring only a small skills in construction, care and accuracy. It should be noted that the brick kiln for a bath does not need to plaster and brick. And when the work will need conventional tools such as a trowel, square, emery tool, level, pliers and others who have almost any host.
- Preparations for the construction of bath furnace
- The selection of the desired material
- Drawings brick furnaces for baths
- Foundation for the furnace to the bath
- Construction of a brick kiln
- Preparation of the solution for masonry
- Rules for execution of masonry
Due to its unique properties to the furnacebath brick has a number of advantages over the gas, metal or electric heated. It supports a comfortable air temperature and optimal humidity, long keeps warm and at the same time the steam does not burn. Traditional brick stove in the bath is a fairly massive construction heating, well warmed up the entire area and giving the right amount of steam. It is distinguished by high reliability, durability, high efficiency and ease of operation.
Preparations for the construction of bath furnace
The design of a traditional brick oven for the bath does not change over the years, the device each element carefully checked. oven apparatus includes a number of components:
The selection of the desired material
During the construction of the furnace for a bath brickOnly use high quality material, thanks to which the masonry is secure and robust. Apply the red bricks of the brand M to continue the following values from 75 to 150 with a frost resistance of 25 cycles. Brick must be the correct form, cracks or foreign inclusions must be absent. The quality of the material can easily be verified with a simple tap. Quality brick gives a metallic sound and poor quality brick firing will sound muffled. The firebox of the furnace, exposed to high temperatures, it is desirable oblitsevat refractory or refractory brick.
To search for a suitable material should be takenvery carefully as the correct choice depends on the properties of the final construct. Red brick has good heat transfer and gives the finished construction of beautiful and interesting look that does not require additional finishing.
Drawings brick furnaces for baths
Stoves of brick are quite complicateddesigns, requiring special attention to the construction stage. Therefore, developed blueprints brick kilns should be detailed, describing step by step process of work, taking into account peculiarities of the construction. Poryadovkoy is a detailed drawing depicting the laying of each row of bricks. With special labels and shading in the figure indicate brick shape required to form rounded surfaces.
There are also many other poryadovok sauna stovesThat you can find on other sites on the Internet.
Foundation for the furnace to the bath
The first phase of construction is carried out tabfoundation. You should first dig a trench depth of about 0.7 meters, the bottom of which should be located below the level of soil freezing. Any bit of ground moves, which affects the entire foundation structure. To avoid such problems in the operation of the furnace, the width of the pit must be at a lower level to do a little more basic groove.
The bottom of the pit is filled with a layer of sand thatI must cover his 15-centimeter layer. The sand must be filled with water and let it soak. Above is poured a mixture of stone and broken brick, layer thickness make up to 20 cm. This is followed by a layer of gravel fill, set the formwork and reinforced frame, but only after a layer of sand cease to shrink. All layers from top to pour a layer of concrete, which must be at a distance of 15 cm from the soil surface. In the next step the formwork is disassembled by applying sludge on the sides of several layers, and the resultant space is filled fine gravel, coarse sand.
As a final act of the foundation layertwo pieces of roofing material, which should coincide with its area. This layer has a waterproof function. His device is a very important measure of providing surface protection bricks from moisture, which can cause not only the loss of rigidity of the assembly, but its premature failure. Arrangement of waterproofing completes the process of construction of the foundation for the bathhouse furnace.
Construction of a brick kiln
Ready foundation level is checked onhorizontality. With the help of a number of intermediate bricks and mortar can remove flaws caused by pouring the foundation. Next, you need to cut the bricks and put a protective wall, which need to masonry cement-sand mortar. This panel consists of five series and is designed to provide protection against fire lining.
This is followed accurately determine the outer contouroven and correlate it with mezhbalochnom located in the ceiling opening. This area is a place of exit chimney to the attic. The distance between the two beams must strictly comply with the 90 cm. Wooden meter rail is necessary to make a small indentation in the middle, in which the cable is laid plumb. Its sharp end is above the future of the first row of masonry. When attaching the cable is necessary to closely monitor the observance of the vertical position. The first number of a brick according to the point on the foundation, which shows the plummet. The position of bricks should be strictly comply poryadovkoy.
After putting some of the first row must go on a clay solution.
Preparation of the solution for masonry
Clay solution is extracted from a depth of 0.5 m andmore. It must be thoroughly cleaned of various impurities and soak in a container with water for several days. Sand intended for solution, to be screened and cleaned of debris. The main thing is that together with the grains of sand in the solution did not get fines pebbles. Preparation of the solution starts with kneading clay, gradually adding water to it. With the punch mixture is thoroughly stirred until smooth thick cream. The finished mixture is added to prepared and slightly moistened sand.
Before use his solutioncheck for availability. To do this, dip dry, clean stick into the mixture and analyze the solution layer remaining on a stick. A good solution leaves a layer of about 2 mm. If the stick layer reaches 3 mm, the sand must be added to the solution. If the layer is less than 1 mm, in this case the added clay. Mixing of the solution is carried out in small amounts, since it eventually loses its unique properties.
Rules for execution of masonry
After stacking the first and subsequent rows in thecompulsorily checked angles that should be kept strictly straight, made reconciliation with poryadovkoy. The thickness of the seams between the rows of brick must be not more than 3.5 mm, the bricks should tightly fit to each other. One of the factors of this requirement is a high-quality solution prepared without stones and debris. The second row is laid, so that every brick overlaps the joints of the lower bricks. All subsequent rows are placed similarly.
Setting the blower door is made at the stage of laying the third row of bricks.
Setting the blower door
The door is secured with galvanized wire or sheet steel strips. Bricks on the doors need a little sawed.
Future bath brick oven in front of the devicefourth row should be checked for evenness of the surface of the walls and corners of integrity compliance. Placing fourth row is associated with well laying the ash and the grate, which is a special grille, air duct and necessary for carrying out cleaning of the fuel compartment from the ashes. To install it, you must hollow recesses in the bricks, leaving small intervals of one centimeter, the necessary thermal expansion grate. The back wall under the grate is rounded, in order to achieve minimum drag air into the heating chamber.
In the sixth row of masonry carried out the installation of the doorfor ash, and in the seventh - to set the grate and the furnace door. In most cases, a brick oven for baths equipped with a cast-iron doors, which are considered the most durable and fire-resistant elements.
The eighth series of masonry needs to be done towall, because it will start it with the chimney. Likewise fit all subsequent rows up until the fourteenth series, which is set channels - metalwork, reminiscent of the letter P. The front wall of the furnace should be made for opening the container under hot water. The tank should stay upright on the side walls of masonry, but to touch the pre-packed channel bars.
For the fifteenth series use halvesbricks, which are placed to each other at an angle. This will be the basis for the separation wall masonry. Three subsequent fall of a number similar to the first - each brick must close a joints in the previous row.
Nineteenth number associated with the installation of the door,required steam output. The twentieth and twenty-first series of thin bonded mild steel strips. At the twenty-first row performed doors close for a couple, put a container under the hot water, which is draped fragments of brick. At the twenty-third row begins the installation of the pipe, its height will depend on the height of the bath.
The construction of bath furnace has a direct impactthe choice of the pipe. For example, a massive bath in the oven made of brick requires large pipe, and for easier design will need a smaller pipe. Note that the thickness of the furnace walls and tubes, and the flue passage section can not be less than half a brick. Chimney should rise by at least two feet above the roof surface. When laying the pipe using lime or cement mortar, which does not lose its properties under the influence of condensate.
Cooking Baking brick can be plastered, in order to improve its appearance and provide additional protection against fire bath.
The process of self-construction of the brickfor bath furnace it is not that difficult, provided a careful study of the nuances of construction schemes. Compliance with all conditions and recommendations will build a new kiln of bricks, which will fully perform its functions.