Draining water from the bath tap
Before starting the construction of baths should beprovide high-quality tap water used for washing. Drain water from the bath is necessary to build a given building standards, it was not necessary then to redo anything. Reliable plums will protect wooden structures and foundation from destruction, will prevent mold and unpleasant odors. In this matter, there are many details that need to be taken into account and make things right, to the diversion of water from the bath gave the expected results.
- Methods of diversion of water from the bath
- Installing drain pipe
- well device for discharging wastewater
- Apparatus floor bath
- Septic waste treatment method
- Drain in a bath for the owners of private plots
- Standard drain hole
Methods of diversion of water from the bath
- During the construction of baths, designed for maximumthree people, it makes sense to dig a hole right under the foundation. The walls of the pit obkladyvayut brick and covered with sand. The pit will collect waste water, which will be displayed and then the cleaning machine.
- To divert water from the bath, designed for a large number of people, it is recommended to drain pipe to the manhole.
- underground filtration system. It can be used to clean waste water and to distribute them evenly in soil. Such a system requires equipment septic cesspool drainage pipe for the well and distribution. But the construction of such a system is quite difficult and costly.
- The filter well. This method of removing water from the bath, perhaps oneof the most difficult. This is a special unit with a filtering material (crushed stone, slag, brick fight, etc.). The soil surface is covered in the well during irrigation sludge that contains microorganisms capable of purifying the waste water. Further purification is done by the soil.
Installing drain pipe
Proper drainage of water in the bath will depend onlargely on how the laid drain pipe. It must lay during the construction of baths basement, passing under the lower part. Drain hole dug, usually 3-5-meter distance from the postroyki.Shirina and depth of the well depends on the number of people who will use this room. The edges of the holes to protect against collapse. For this purpose, insert the reinforced concrete ring or put formwork and concreted them. From bath dig a trench with an inclination toward drain hole. Install pipe.
Important! The drain pipe is installed without kinks and bends, to avoid possible blockages.
well device for discharging wastewater
Experts recommend to those who undertook to buildbath on their own, to deepen the well below the frost line (about 50 cm). Below is well drainage, using, for example, expanded clay. He placed a little above the freezing ground. The rest of the area should be well covered with soil and compacted. It is very important in this system, so that the drain pipe is not frozen, so it needs to be warm, and then the waste water from the bath will be free to merge into the well.
To use the device drain pipe made of cast iron,asbestos cement, concrete, or ceramics, but can be applied to pipes made of advanced materials, such as PVC (steel not suitable - they are subject to rusting). The diameter of the pipe must be at least 50 mm. Joints for pipes obscure the strength of concrete solution.
The method described above is not bad, but there is onedisadvantage: over time, the soil pores are clogged with soapy water, and then the soil will not pass water - may need cleaning. The best option is to take the water to the sewerage network, of course, if there is one nearby. If it does not, the withdrawal of sewage can be done, for example, to a nearby ravine, but as a rule, you must have permission to sanitary surveillance.
Apparatus floor bath
Floors in the bath worth special attention. They usually concreted, making the slope around the perimeter to a drain pipe. To avoid clogging the drain, it set the net. Cover the cement floor tile. Additional insulation of the floor is required. Cold air will not penetrate the concrete and tile, and when in the bath will sink, and the tiles are well warmed up.
And in order not to step on too hot tile,you need to make a wooden lattice and put them on the tiles. Such lattices are good that after each use of bath can be removed and dry, sometimes to handle an antiseptic, but if destroyed, they can be easily replaced with new ones - it's not such a great cost, as the full replacement of the floor.
Septic waste treatment method
Periodically, the drainage system and waste water themselves needcleaned. There are several ways, but the most practical and cheapest method - septic. Its implementation takes place in several stages. The first stage - the preliminary mechanical cleaning. Waste water is separated from the lime and any precipitation. The second step is to filtratsionno- biological treatment. Filters are the pits, wells or the ground itself. Septic tanks are autonomous, local and centralized. stand-alone septic tanks are used for the individual area.
Local septic tank used for groupsites. And for filtering wastewater whole village used centralized septic tanks. When the system is designed bath-water discharge is necessary to provide cases where unforeseen clogging can occur. To do this, at a distance of more than 3 meters from the bath, it is necessary to arrange in a stacked pipes manhole square or round shapes sizes 1h1m. The walls of the well can be both wooden and brick or concrete. Its bottom is a flat concrete tray. That it does not freeze in winter, inside put a cover that insulates and then placed outside the second cover, which is filled with slag, sawdust or earth.
Drain in a bath for the owners of private plots
Since the baths built mainly private ownerssites for them can be recommended, except for a drainage system, a few more ways to the device in the bath drain. For example, an embodiment having many advantages - filtering dirt. It is a system of pipes and treatment plants, which discharge waste water into the sewer.
After filtration, the water is distributed throughout theproperty. This system uses a stand-alone septic tank, which is also a septic tank, and distributes the well. Purified water is distributed by septic tank drainage pipes throughout the site, successfully performing irrigation function. Drainage pipes in this case lay in the 0.5-1.5 m above the groundwater.
This system is attractive for use inbackyards - it allows to save the water for watering gardens and orchards. Especially because after cleaning the water has no unpleasant odor. Using such a system would be difficult, however, if already landscaped area. After all, this will have to search through the entire sewer section. Plus, the system is not cheap. However, for the construction of baths in the suburban area is ideal. Spend one day at a sewage system, you can use it for many years, to the benefit of themselves and all the vegetation in the area.
Standard drain hole
Method drain water out of the bath and its furtherrecycling consists in the construction of the drainage holes, which will drain the water used for washing. To do this, dig a huge pit, which draped stone or brick and cement.
The disadvantage of this method is thatthis kind of tank to choose the lowest place in the area to the wastewater out by gravity. In addition, when filling the hole it must be clear by ordering a special machine, which - additional costs. Yet another drawback is that the location of the pit to be chosen so that it is available for entrance assenizatorskaya machine, and it is not always possible.
Discharging device and discharge the water in the bath - onethe main components of the construction of the bath. To address this issue should be taken with full responsibility, because the proper discharge of the bath will provide protection against destruction in the first place, the foundation, as well as the walls. This means that the service life of the bath will increase significantly.