Communication in the house

Bacteria for septic tanks - one method of waste water purification

The bacteria for septic tanks

we wonder how much we have in the house householdappliances that consume water, how much water we use to meet their daily needs? Particularly relevant to the issue of country houses, where there are several toilets, bathroom, kitchen, washing machine, etc. Operation of the instrument leads to the legitimate question of where to put the waste water then. And here comes to the aid of a septic tank, which is a facility for the treatment of fecal matter and wastewater. To clean the water using special bacteria to septic tanks.


  • The principle of using bacteria for purification
  • Types of "biological weapons"
    • Aerobic bacteria for septic tanks
    • Anaerobic biological purification tool

The principle of using bacteria for purification

Used for septic bacteria are alive microorganisms, which is necessary for the supply of waste water transportation. Feeding it should be constant, otherwise, when the cleaning device is operated regularly, the bacteria are killed. In such circumstances, the purification of waste water does not occur. The solution may be a specific biologics.

Live microorganisms can handleorganic deposits, fats and waste products that have been produced in a natural way. Selection of the bacteria is carried out according to the treatment plant. The apparent advantage of these biologics is not only fast enough recycling, but also the elimination of unpleasant odors.

Production of biological products based on bacteriatreatment plants is carried out only from natural materials that decompose completely. This allows not damage the environment, as biological substances do not contain any toxic elements.

The microorganisms recycle organicsubstance, compounds such as water, carbon dioxide and various salts. This biological wastewater treatment process is by far one of the most effective and available for use in a domestic environment.

The result of the use of bacteria to the septic tank is:

  • Destruction of fatty plaque from the walls of the treatment plant.
  • Dilution of existing septic tank sludge at the bottom.
  • Acceleration of the process of decomposition of the organic nature of the waste.
  • Eliminating various blockages.
Work septic tank

The basic principle of water treatment in septic tank

Today on the Internet you can get a lot of information about the bacteria for septic tanks: consumer reviews, types, biological products manufacturers, etc.

Types of "biological weapons"

One or another type determines the type of septic tankbacteria are used, which may be aerobic or anaerobic. Uniting these two types of bacteria it is a fact that their constituent organisms - are living beings, which should be provided with appropriate and necessary conditions for life. The fact that they can be destroyed by a number of chemical substances, despite the simplicity. Thus, household cleaners can have a negative effect and destroy the bacteria, which in particular is dangerous chlorine and formaldehyde.

Aerobic bacteria for septic tanks

Translated from the Greek word "aerobic"It translates as "air" or "life." The group of aerobic bacteria usually referred microorganisms at the base of the process of life which is oxygen. That is why to install a compressor for the air supply to create the necessary conditions in the septic tank.

Aerobic bacteria for cleaning wastewater meetfor the decomposition of the organic nature of the suspensions. Thus there is a mixing of waste water from the air bubbles. To prevent the flushing of aerobic bacteria a strong stream of water using special panels made of lint-free cloth.

This type of bacteria contributes toa sufficiently high degree of decomposition of waste in the sewage, but it should take into account the fact that as a result of this expansion, a solid sediment at the bottom of the treatment plant. His number is small and can be easily removed without the use of sewage truck.

During the processing of organic waste thistype of bacteria produces heat and carbon dioxide, without spreading odors. Waste water after aerobic treatment can be safely discharged into drainage ditches or wells. sludge can be used as garden fertilizer formed after cleaning.

Aerobic septic tank for domestic wastewater treatment

Aerobic wastewater treatment

Anaerobic biological purification tool

In contrast, aerobic, anaerobic bacteria forof life process does not require oxygen. That is why in the septic tank with anaerobic bacteria there is a characteristic process of fermentation or rotting organic waste. When the decay of the waste sinks to the bottom of a septic tank, where they decompose. At the same time the bacteria purified wastewater.

It should be noted that the anaerobic septic tank - bacteriadetermine its type - requires purification by car for feces disposal. The fact is that resulting from digestion solid residue can not be removed on its own, in addition, to use it as a garden fertilizer is also impossible. This is due to the fact that in the draft are a variety of pathogens. Another drawback of anaerobic waste water purification is the fact that this process is accompanied by an unpleasant odor.

Anaerobic wastewater treatment

Anaerobic septic tank for sewage treatment

After anaerobic bacteria subjected to septic sewage purification, it is necessary to carry out after-treatment. It will be preceded by a discharge of water in the drainage or soil.

Typically, post-treatment is carried out in the wells or filtration fields with sand and gravel backfill. In this case, it will have an aerobic post-treatment thanks to soil bacteria.

It is worth noting that if the ground can not be considered a filter, then all work on the device filter field will be a waste of money.

As already mentioned, a particular type of septic tankinvolves the use of certain bacterial species, however, for greater efficiency of wastewater treatment is recommended to combine these living organisms. Thus, if the main stage of the wastewater treatment takes place involving anaerobic bacteria can pass the post-treatment using aerobic bacteria. This makes it possible to increase the degree of purification of water to 98-99%.

Thus, the bacteria for septic tanks and various biological products are one of the major and functional elements necessary for the efficient operation of the septic tank.

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